Skin: The Integumentary System - Quiz B

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Chapter 12
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medical, nursing
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1

Which term describes an injury that does not involve a break in the skin?

contusion

2

Which substance is an anticoagulant that is released in response to injury?

heparin

3

What type of injury is one in which the superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away?

abrasion

4

Which term describes the black pigment that determines one's skin color?

melanin

5

Which condition is an inherited deficiency or absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes?

albinism

6

Which surgical procedure is also known as a face-lift?

rhytidectomy

7

Which term, also known as a scab, describes a collection of dried serum and cellular debris?

crust

8

Which term describes a large, tender, swollen area caused by a staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or sebaceous glands?

furuncle

9

Which condition involves tissue death that is usually associated with a loss of circulation?

gangrene

10

Which term describes profuse, but not necessarily excessive, sweating?

diaphoresis

11

Which cancer of the cells of the epithelium spreads quickly to other body systems?

squamous cell carcinoma

12

Which structure is a mushroom-like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane?

polyp

13

Which treatment is the use of chemicals to remove the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring, fine wrinkling, and keratoses?

chemabrasion

14

Which condition is commonly known as nail biting?

onychophagia

15

Which procedure is the removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound?

debridement

16

Which condition is an infestation with the itch mite?

scabies

17

Which degree of burn involves damage to the epidermis, corium, and subcutaneous layers?

third-degree

18

Which medical term describes a large blister that is more than 0.5 cm in diameter?

bulla

19

Which term describes excessively dry skin?

xeroderma

20

Which condition is characterized by flare-ups in which red papules covered with silvery scales occur on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, or buttocks?

psoriasis