MA Chapter 39: Assisting in Reproductive and Urinary Specialties Flashcards


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1

The acronym LMP refers to the

FIRST DAY OF A WOMAN'S LAST MENSTRUAL PERIOD

2

The normal range of menarche, or the beginning of menstruation is ? years of age?

10-15

3

Which of the following is the BEST description of menopause?

THE NATURAL CESSATION OF A WOMAN'S MENSTRUAL CYCLES

4

What is the medical term for the time period before menopause, during which menstrual periods may be irregular?

PREMENOPAUSE

5

According to the American Cancer Society and National Cancer Institute, how often should women in their 20s and 30s who are in good health have a clinical breast exam?

ABOUT EVERY 3 YEARS

6

Marya is a 24-year-old patient who has come to the office for an annual exam. You notice various stages of bruising on her arms. When you ask the cause, Marya admits that her husband has been abusing her physically. She says she has tried to get away from him but every time she does, he takes it out on their children. Which of the following is NOT a general guideline that you can offer regarding domestic violence?

IT IS SOMETIMES NECESSARY TO STAY WITH AN ABUSIVE SPOUSE FOR THE CHILDRENS SAKE

7

The purpose of adding potassium hydroxide (KOH) to a cervical smear is?

DISSOLVE EPITHELIAL CELLS AND MUCOUS

8

Carly took an early pregnancy test yesterday and was thrilled when it was positive. She is excited about having a baby, and the first thing she asks you this morning is "when is the baby due?' when you ask, she tells you the first day of her last menstrual period was September 9, 2012. What is the estimated due date of Carly's estimated delivery date?

JUNE 16, 2013

9

Which of the following should a pregnant woman be advised to avoid during her pregnancy?

ALCOHOL

10

Which of the following is Nagele's rule?

FIRST DAY OF LAST MENSTRUAL PERIOD, SUBTRACT 3 MONTHS, ADD 7 DAYS PLUS 1 YEAR

11

Which procedure is performed when a genetic or metabolic defect is suspected in a fetus?

AMNIOCENTESIS

12

Which of the following instructions should be given to a patient after a dilation and curettage ( D and C)?

AVOID USING TAMPONS FOR 1 WEEK AFTER THE PROCEDURE

13

The specimen obtained by a cervical biopsy is sent to the laboratory with a(n)?

CYTOLOGY LABORATORY REQUISITION

14

Which of the following consists of widening the opening of the cervix and scraping the uterine lining?

D & C

15

Which of the following is a reason for false-negative pap smear results?

EPITHELIAL CELLS HIDDEN BY BLOOD OR MUCOUS

16

Which of the following occurs during the second trimester?

FETAL MOVEMENT IS FELT

17

The most commonly ordered test in a urology practice is?

URINALYSIS

18

Which of the following is used to measure urinary bladder capacity and pressure?

CYSTOMETRY

19

In which procedure does the practitioner examine the walls of the bladder and urethra by visualization and inspection?

CYSTOSCOPY

20

Another name for enlargement of the prostate gland is?

PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY

21

Which of the following is excess fluid in the scrodum?

HYDROCELE

22

A heavy or dragging feeling in the groin, enlargement of one testicle, and a dull ache in the groin are symptoms of?

TESTICULAR CANCER

23

Treatment for prostatitis is?

ANTIBIOTIC MEDICATIONS AND SITZ BATHS

24

Which of the following information is NOT significant for a urologist to make a diagnosis of a urologic disease?

HOW FAR THE PATIENT CAN WALK

25

Men should be instructed to perform a monthly testicular self-exam starting at age?

15

26

Which of the following is NOT part included of the medical assistant's role in a urologists office?

VISUAL INSPECTION OF THE EXTERNAL GENITALIA

27

Which of the following treatments may be used for a patient who is incontinent?

EXERCISES

28

A condition of which an egg is used to move out of a woman's fallopian tube into the uterus for implantation is a(n)?

ECTOPIC PREGNANCY

29

Another term for benign, smooth tumors of muscle cells in the uterus is?

FIBROIDS

30

Red, soft fragile growths with a slender stem attachment that are sometimes found on the mucous membranes of the cervix or endometrium are?

POLYPS

31

Which of the following is NOT a common treatment for premenstrual syndrome?

KEGAL OR PERINEAL EXERCISES

32

Which of the following treatments may be useful for a woman with uterine prolapse?

KEGAL OR PERINEAL EXERCISES

33

An X-ray exam of the fallopian tubes and uterus in which contrast medium such as dye or air is used is?

HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY