The Urinary System - Quiz B

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Chapter 9
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1

Which term describes the increased excretion of urine?

diuresis

2

Which condition is the distention of the pelvis of a kidney?

nephrectasis

3

Which condition is the enlargement of the renal pelvis due to an obstruction of the flow of urine?

hydronephrosis

4

Which term means difficult or painful urination?

dysuria

5

Which condition is also known as bed-wetting?

nocturnal enuresis

6

Which medical term describes an inflammation of a kidney?

nephritis

7

Which procedure is the surgical fixation of a floating kidney?

nephropexy

8

Which structure is the outer region of the kidney?

renal cortex

9

Which surgical procedure is an incision into the renal pelvis?

pyelotomy

10

Which condition occurs when the detrusor muscle in the wall of the bladder is too active?

overactive bladder

11

Which condition is characterized by abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine?

hyperproteinuria

12

Which procedure is the removal of a stone through a surgical incision into the kidney?

nephrolithotomy

13

Which toxic condition results from renal failure?

uremia

14

Which diagnostic procedure is a radiographic study of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder without the use of a contrast medium?

KUB

15

Which procedure is the surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall?

cystopexy

16

Which condition is a urinary problem caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination?

neurogenic bladder

17

In which congenital abnormality is the urethral opening on the upper surface of the penis?

epispadias

18

Which procedure involves the placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made in the abdominal wall?

suprapubic catheterization

19

Which disorder is characterized by the presence of kidney stones?

nephrolithiasis

20

Which condition is an inflammation of the prostate gland?

prostatitis