The Digestive System - Quiz B

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Chapter 8
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1

Which condition is a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and eyes caused by greater-than-normal quantities of bilirubin in the blood?

jaundice

2

Which condition is the rumbling noise caused by the movement of gas in the intestine?

borborygmus

3

Which condition is a protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm?

hiatal hernia

4

Which condition is caused by the temporary stoppage of intestinal peristalsis?

ileus

5

Which test is used to detect hidden blood in the stools?

Hemoccult

6

Which term means excessive vomiting?

hyperemesis

7

Which structure prevents the flow of waste from the large intestine back into the small intestine?

ileocecal valve

8

Excess glucose in the liver is stored in what form?

glycogen

9

Which condition is characterized by the twisting of the intestine on itself, causing an obstruction?

volvulus

10

Which term describes pain or discomfort in digestion?

dyspepsia

11

Which term means vomiting?

emesis

12

Which medical term describes the surgical removal of the rectum?

proctectomy

13

Which term describes a surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures?

anastomosis

14

Which term describes the process of breaking down body cells or substances?

catabolism

15

Which condition is the protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall?

inguinal hernia

16

Which procedure is the endoscopic examination of the interior of the rectum and sigmoid colon?

sigmoidoscopy

17

Which procedure is the placement of a feeding tube through the nose and into the stomach?

nasogastric intubation

18

Which eating disorder is characterized by an abnormal craving or appetite for nonfood substances, such as dirt, paint, or clay, that lasts for at least 1 month?

pica

19

Which bacterial infection of the intestines is characterized by paralysis and is often fatal?

botulism

20

Which condition is the passage of black stools containing digested blood?

melena