The Respiratory System - Quiz B

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Chapter 7
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1

Which medical term describes an accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity?

hemothorax

2

Which substance, which is ejected through the mouth, is used for diagnostic purposes in respiratory disorders?

sputum

3

Which form of respiratory therapy is used temporarily to replace a patient's natural breathing function?

ventilator

4

Which term describes a respiratory pattern of alternating periods of rapid breathing, slow breathing, and the absence of breathing?

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

5

Which medical term describes the absence of oxygen from the body's gases, blood, or tissues?

anoxia

6

Which infectious respiratory disease is commonly known as whooping cough?

pertussis

7

Which term describes any change in vocal quality, including hoarseness, weakness, or the cracking of a boy's voice during puberty?

dysphonia

8

What region of the chest contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, and thymus?

mediastinum

9

Which term means easy or normal breathing?

eupnea

10

Which condition is an accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity or another body cavity?

empyema

11

What are the smallest branches of the bronchial tree?

bronchioles

12

Which term means an accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space that causes the lung to collapse?

pneumothorax

13

Which condition is an excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi?

bronchorrhea

14

Which condition is caused by cotton dust in the lungs?

byssinosis

15

Which term describes the condition of having subnormal levels of oxygen in the cells?

hypoxia

16

Which procedure is a surgical incision into the wall of the chest?

thoracotomy

17

Which term describes the surgical removal of all or part of a lung?

pneumonectomy

18

What structure closely surrounds each lung?

visceral pleura

19

Which term describes a bluish discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen?

cyanosis

20

Which division of the pharynx is posterior to the nasal cavity?

nasopharynx