CH 23-26 apush

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1

The primary goal of the government policy cited above was to

A) respond to military resistance by Indians

B) promote a larger reservation system

C) launch new treaties with Indians

D) end tribal identities

D

2

During the late 19th century, western Native American life was most affected by

A) post-Civil war migration of whites

B) evangelical missions

C) generous treaties

D) alliances among Indian nations

A

3

Historically, struggles between Ameican Indian tribes and the federal government have stemmed from

A) the Constitution's failure to precisely define the relationship between American Indian tribes and the national government

B) the inability of nativists to bring the necessary reforms to both the federal government and tribal leaders

C) Supreme Court decisions which blocked meaningful legislation for American Indians

D) federal actions stripping away rights granted to American Indians by the 14th Amendment

A

4

The speech above attempts to

A) reverse the Plessy v Ferguson ruling to ensure greater equality

B) "Americanize" new migrants in the South

C) convince blacks to make the best of their prescribed place in society

D) adopt an alternate society based on utopianism

C

5

A decade after the speech above, segregation policies were reinforced by

A) the president

B) the Supreme Court

C) Congress

D) monopolies and corporate interests

B

6

The author of the quote above was most likely motivated by the

A) continuation of the traditions of sharecropping

B) federal reforms that encouraged education

C) the support of blacks from white Southern politicians

D) opportunities in the "New South"

D

7

Which 20th-century development regarding African Americans best parallels the quote above?

A) Decisions makers in each of the three branches of the federal government used measures including desegregation of the armed services. Brown v Board of Education, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to promote greater racial justice

B) Mass mobilization of troops and expanded workforce participation during World War II provided opportunities for minorities to improve their socioeconomic positions

C) Liberal ideals were realized in the Supreme Court decisions that expanded democracy and individual freedoms, Great Society social programs and policies, and the power of the federal government

D) White resistance to efforts of desegregation continued to decrease, leading to a series of social and political breakthroughs for minorities

B

8

The view of the poor in the quote above is most consistent with the ideology of

A) The Populist Party

B) Social Darwinism

C) the Social Gospel

D) utopianism

B

9

Which 20th-century president's policies were most consistent with the sentiments expressed in "The Gospel of Wealth"?

A) Lyndon Johnson

B) Woodrow Wilson

C) Franklin Roosevelt

D) Ronald Reagan

D

10

Late 19th-century critics of the ideology expressed in the quote above would most likely argue that

A) societal good could be advanced through the Social Gospel

B) the social order of the Gilded Age is logical and successful

C) "conspicuous consumption" benefitted all classes in society

D) utopianism is a weak model for reform

A

11

Which of the following groups was most sympathetic to the concerns expressed in the testimony above?

A) Populists

B) New South industrialists

C) The federal government

D) Social Darwinists

A

12

Which of the following was LEAST associated with the "Gilded Age"?

A) conservation of natural resources

B) consumption of goods

C) Business consolidation

D) government subsidies for transportation and communications

A

13

Who championed the growth of the U.S. Navy to gain greater control of foreign markets and natural resources in the late 19th century?

A) John Sherman

B) Thomas Nast

C) Alfred Mahan

D) Wiliam Grahm Sumner

C

14

Who pioneered the use of holding companies to control markets?

A) Andrew Carnegie

B) John Rockefeller

C) JP Morgan

D) Motgomery Ward

B

15

As 19th-century American cities grew in both size and number, the greatest attention to the stark contrast between urban wealth and working-class poverty resulted from

A) intellectuals professing Social Darwinism

B) wealthy philanthropists

C) the federal government

D) journalists and the print media

D

16

During the late 19th century, the American industrial workforce

A) enjoyed higher wages

B) reduced its dependence on child labor

C) gained strong support fro the federal government

D) expanded through migration across national borders and internal migrations

D

17

Which late 19th-centry labor union emphasiszed "bread and butter" unionism?

A) the Knights of Labor

B) the American Federation of Labor

C) The American Railway Union

D) The Industrial Workers of the World

B

18

Which of the following illustrated the limitations of the "New South" economic revitalization plan?

A) Sharecropping

B) Lumber manufacturing

C) Textile mills

D) mining

A

19

The Granger movement was most dedicated to

A) challenging railroad monopolies

B) controlling natural resources

C) advancing nativist policies in government

D) creating national parks

A

20

Which of the following was NOT part o the Populist platform?

A) "free silver"

B) Term limits for presidents

C) The preservation of wilderness areas

D) Railroad regulation

C

21

From 1870 to 1890, new migration from Asia and Southern and Eastern Europe led to

A) the more equal distribution of power in urban areas

B) segregated ethnic communities and distinct migrant enclaves in cities

C) proactive reforms from state and federal governments

D) greater unity and success for labor unions

B

22

Which African American leader championed vocational training for blacks, raised funds from white philantropists, and sought new career opportunities for blacks to improve their status in the late 19th century?

A) Langston Hughes

B) W.E.B. Dubois

C) Booker T. Washington

D) Frederick Douglass

C

23

Jane Addams was instrumental in improving the conditions of immigrants and advancing urban reform primarily through the use of

A) child labor laws

B) settlement homes

C) media outlets and muckraking journals

D) mass protests against corrupt politicians

B

24

The majority of late 19th-century women's clubs and self-help groups demanding social and political reform tended to be

A) wealthy elites

B) middle class

C) the working poor

D) located in New England

B

25

The completion of the transcontinental railroads through the American West contributed most to the

A) migration of settlers to the West

B) preservation of American Indian culture

C) environmental protection of natural resources

D) demilitarization of the West

A

26

Which of the following BEST exemplified a government subsidy to promote western migration?

A) Granger laws

B) Interstate Commerce Act

C) Homestead Act

D) Morrill Land Grant

C

27

The most resented form of 19th-century government corruption was in

A) Indian Affairs

B) big business

C) labor unions

D) the New South

B

28

The Plessy v Ferguson ruling upheld

A) corporate consolidation

B) racial segregation

C) government subsidies of business

D) Granger laws

B

29

Which ideology resulted from antipathy toward foreign-born and new migrants?

A) populism

B) socialism

C) racism

D) nativism

D

30

The classic 19th-century essay "The Gospel of wealth" was authored by

A) Andrew Carnegie

B) JP Morgan

C) John D Rockefeller

D) Jay Gould

A

31

Many 19th-century industrialists chose to blunt criticism regarding their wealth by

A) significantly increasing workers' wages

B) working closely with government laws and regulations

C) pursuing philanthropy

D) compromising with labor unions and recognizing collective bargaining rights

C

32

Who was a fearless African American anti-lynching advocate, suffragist, and women's rights activist?

A) Alice Paul

B) Carrie Chapman Catt

C) Elizabeth Cady Stanton

D) Ida Wells-Barnett

D