Chapter 1 Concepts of Medical Terminology

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1

Medical terminology is based on what languages?

Based on Latin and Greek words

Muscle is Latin for ‘mouse’

Coccyx named for the cuckoo’s bill

2

Fundamental unit of each medical word
Establishes basic meaning of word
Part to which prefixes and suffixes are added

Root

3

Short word part or parts added to the end of a word
Modifies the meaning of the root
Indicated by a dash before (-itis)

Suffix

4

Short word part added before a root
Modifies the meaning of the root
Followed by a dash (pre-)

Prefix

5

Roots shown with a combining vowel are called?

Vowels added after a slash

Neur/o

Combining Forms

-logy = “study of”

Neur = “nerve or nervous system”

Neur/o

Neur + o + logy = neurology (study of the nervous system)

6

When you add a suffix to a word ending in x, the x is changed to a?

g or c

g = consonant before the x change to g

Ex. Pharynx (throat) becomes pharyngeal = pertaining to throat

c = vowel before the x change to c
Ex. thorax (chest) becomes thoracic = pertaining to chest

7

If there is a consonant before the x, the x is changed to a?

g

pharynx becomes pharyngeal

8

If a vowel comes before the x, the x is changed to a?

c

thorax becomes thoracotomy

9

When you add a suffix beginning with rh to a root, the r is?

doubled

Hem/o (blood) + -rhage (bursting forth) = hemorrhage (a bursting forth of blood)

10

abbreviation formed from first letter of each word in a phrase

Acronym =

ASAP = as soon as possible

FDA = Food and Drug Administration

11

A word that contains more than one root

Compound word

12

Vowels with no pronunciation marks get ______ pronunciation?

short

‘a’ as in hat
'e' as in get
'i' as in hit
'o' as in pot

13

Short line over vowel gives it ______ pronunciation?

long
‘ā’ as in say
‘ē’ as in pēte
‘ī’ as in kīte
‘ō’ as in tōne

14

indicated with capital letters
as in AK-sent

Accented syllable

15

Hard or soft?

racer

Soft c

(RĀ-ser)

16

Hard or soft?

candy

Hard c

(KAN-dē)

17

Hard or soft?

page

Soft g

written as j = (pāj)

18

Hard or soft?

grow

Hard g

(grō)

19

cervix

neck

20

®

right

21

cardi

heart

22

pulm

lung

23

-logy

“study of”

24

Neur

“nerve or nervous system”

25

Neur + o + logy

neurology

(study of the nervous system)

26

itis

inflammation

27

Neur + itis

neuritis (inflammation of a nerve)

28

Hem/o

blood

29

-rhage

bursting forth

30

Hem/o + -rhage

hemorrhage

a bursting forth of blood

31

gast/o

stomach