The Cardiovascular System - Quiz A

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created 9 years ago by jncanf
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Chapter 5
updated 9 years ago by jncanf
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1

An abnormal increase in the number of red cells in the blood due to excess production of these cells by the bone marrow is known as __________ .

polycythemia

2

The inherited blood disorder that causes mild or severe anemia due to reduced hemoglobin and fewer red blood cells than normal is known as __________ .

thalassemia

3

A/An __________ is the surgical removal of an aneurysm.

aneurysmectomy

4

A/An __________ is a benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels.

hemangioma

5

The genetic disorder in which the intestines absorb too much iron is known as __________ .

hemochromatosis

6

The hardening and narrowing of the arteries caused by a buildup of cholesterol plaques is known as __________ .

atherosclerosis

7

A/An __________ is a deposit of plaque on or within an arterial wall.

atheroma

8

A myocardial __________ is the total blockage of one or more coronary arteries due to plaque buildup.

infarction

9

Bacterial __________ is an inflammation of the lining or valves of the heart caused by bacteria present in the bloodstream.

endocarditis

10

Digital subtraction __________ (DSA) combines angiography with computerized components to clarify the view of the area of interest by removing the soft tissue and bones from the images.

angiography

11

A valvular __________ is the abnormal protrusion of a heart valve that results in the inability of the valve to close completely.

prolapse

12

An abnormally slow resting heartbeat is known as __________ .

bradycardia

13

The vasodilator prescribed to prevent or relieve the pain of angina by dilating the coronary arteries is known as __________ .

nitroglycerin

14

A/An __________ is a benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels.

hemangioma

15

An abnormal increase in the number of platelets in the circulating blood is known as __________ .

thrombocytosis

16

The inflammation of a vein is known as __________ .

phlebitis

17

A/An __________ is a blood clot attached to the interior wall of an artery or a vein.

thrombus

18

A/An __________ is a foreign object that is circulating in the blood.

embolus

19

The record of the electrical activity of the myocardium that is produced by electrocardiography is known as a/an __________ .

electrocardiogram

20

Cardiac __________ is a diagnostic procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or an artery and is guided into the heart.

catheterization