The Muscular System - Quiz B

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created 9 years ago by jncanf
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Chapter 4
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1

Which injury is a strain or tear of the posterior femoral muscles?

hamstring injury

2

Which condition is the paralysis of all four extremities?

quadriplegia

3

Which of these conditions causes pain in the fingers and hand?

carpal tunnel syndrome

4

Which term means movement of a limb away from the midline of the body?

abduction

5

Which term describes a neuromuscular disorder characterized by the slow relaxation of the muscles after a voluntary contraction?

myotonia

6

Which type of movement bends the knee and brings the lower leg toward the back?

flexion

7

Which term describes abnormally decreased motor function or activity?

hypokinesia

8

Which type of physician specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions that are characterized by inflammation in the joints and connective tissues?

rheumatologist

9

Which diagnostic test measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation?

electromyography

10

Which term describes pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest?

intermittent claudication

11

Which term describes a surgical incision through the fascia to relieve tension or pressure ?

fasciotomy

12

Which term means the surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone?

tenodesis

13

Which term describes a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally?

adhesion

14

Which term describes the surgical resection of a portion of a tendon or tendon sheath?

tenectomy

15

Which term means the loss of muscle mass, strength, and function that comes with aging?

sarcopenia

16

Which term describes the degeneration of muscle tissue?

myolysis

17

Which term describes the inability to coordinate muscle activity during voluntary movement?

ataxia

18

Which term means weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle?

myoparesis

19

Which term means the protrusion of muscle substance through a tear in the fascia surrounding it?

myocele

20

Which condition affects the neuromuscular junction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles?

myasthenia gravis