The Muscular System - Quiz A

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Chapter 4 - Quiz A
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medical, nursing
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1

The most common first aid treatment of muscular injuries is known by the acronym __________ .

RICE

2

The specialized soft tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia is known as __________ release.

myofascial

3

The compression of nerves and blood vessels due to swelling within the enclosed space created by the fascia that separates groups of muscles is known as __________ syndrome.

compartment

4

The condition known as __________ is the degeneration of muscle tissue.

myolysis

5

Activities to promote strength, mobility, flexibility of muscles and joints are known as

ROM

6

A/An __________ is a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally.

adhesion

7

The term __________ means lacking normal tone or strength.

atonic

8

Muscular __________ is a group of inherited muscle disorders that cause muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system.

dystrophy

9

When inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint, this condition is known as __________ syndrome.

impingement

10

Intermittent __________ is pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest.

claudication

11

A stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side is known as spasmodic __________ .

torticollis

12

A/An __________ is a sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles.

spasm

13

Therapeutic __________ uses high-frequency sound waves to treat muscle injuries by generating heat deep within muscle tissue.

ultrasound

14

A debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue

diffuse and or specific muscle, joint, or bone pain; and a wide range of other symptoms is known as __________ syndrome.; fibromyalgia

15

A/An __________ cyst is a harmless fluid-filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist.

ganglion

16

Inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow is known as __________ .

epicondylitis

17

The weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle is known as __________ .

myoparesis

18

Symptoms of __________ syndrome occur when the tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become inflamed and swollen.

carpal tunnel

19

A/An __________ blocker is a drug that causes temporary paralysis by blocking the transmission of nerve stimuli to the muscles.

neuromuscular

20

Plantar __________ is an inflammation of the plantar fascia on the sole of the foot.

fasciitis