MA Chapter 41: Assisting Geriatrics Flashcards


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1

When communicating with a patient with a visual impairment?

A. Find a quiet area to talk

B. Talk down to the patient

C. Provide instruction sheets in large type

C. PROVIDE INSTRUCTION SHEETS IN LARGE TYPE

2

When communicating with a patient who has a hearing impairment?

A. Speak in higher tones to enhance understanding

B. Make sure there is adequate lighting

C. Speak in clear, low-pitched tones

C. SPEEK IN CLEAR LOW-PITCHED TONES

3

By the year 2030, medical assistants will be spending at least ?? percent of their time caring for older patients?

A. 5

B. 10

C. 25

D. 35

E. 50

E. 50

4

Which of the following tips will help make the communication with an older patient more effective?

A. Supply a word when the patient stops to think of a word

B. Speak very loudly

C. Use a higher pitch when you speak

D. Interrupt the patient if your question was misunderstood

E. Look for a way to make a connection

E. LOOK FOR A WAY TO MAKE A CONNECTION WITH THE PATIENT

5

The appropriate way to speak to a patient who has a hearing impairment is to?

A. Shout

B. Speak rapidly

C. Repeat questions

D. Use a higher tone of voice

E. Speak in clear, low-pitched tones

E. SPEAK IN CLEAR, LOW-PITCHED TONES

6

Which of the following is the appropriate way to address the elderly?

A. Mrs. Jones

B. Dorothy

C. Honey

A. MRS. JONES

7

Which of the following is a good way to help elderly patients remember their medications and the appropriate time to take each med?

A. Give the patient a prescription for each med

B. Encourage to use a med organizer or med book

C. Instruct the patient on what each med is for

B. ENCOURAGE TO USE A MED ORGANIZER OR MED BOOK

8

Which of the following is a reason for the low rate of treatment for depression among elderly patients?
A. There is no treatment

B. Depression in the elderly is inevitable because of deteriorating brain function

C. Elderly & families believe depression is a normal consequence of growing old

C. ELDERLY & FAMMILIES BELIEVE DEPRESSION IS A NORMAL CONSEQUENCE OF GROWING OLD'

9

Which of the following is the specific diagnostic test for depression?

A. RBC count

B. X-ray of the brain

C. UA

D, Metabolic panel

E. There is no specific diagnostic test

E. THERE IS NO SPECIFIC DIAGNOTSIC TEST

10

Which of the following are symptoms of depression in the elderly?

A. Excessive energy and motivation

B. Feelings of self-worth

C. Recurrent feelings of happiness and hope

D. Indecisiveness and difficulty in concentrating

D. INDECISIVENESS AND DIFFICULTY CONCENTRATING

11

Which of the following is an accurate statement about the treatment of depression in the elderly?

A. Elderly patients respond more quickly than younger patients do

B. Elderly patients may be frightened by the idea of taking meds. for a mental problem

C. Elderly patients notice a relief in the symptoms of depression within 2 weeks of treatment

B. ELDERLY PATIENTS MAY BE FRIGHTENED BY THE IDEA OF TAKING MEDS. FOR A MENTAL PROBLEM

12

Treatment for depression in elderly patients includes?

A. A protein-rich diet

B. Antidepressants and psychotherapy

C. Fiber and increased liquids

B. ANTIDEPRESSANTS AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

13

The postural abnormality ? often occurs in elderly women due to a loss of bone density, causing a characteristic curvature of the spine, known as "humpback"

A. Kyphosis

B. Atherosclerosis

C. DJD

A. KYPHOSIS

14

Elderly patients are defined as patients who are over the age of?

A. 55

B. 60

C. 62

D. 65

D. 65

15

Medical specialist who specialize in the care of elderly people are?

A. Geriatricians

B. Neurologists

C. Oncologists

A. GERIATRICIANS

16

Which of the following is a sign of aging in the integumentary system?

A. Increased number of pigment cells (melanocytes)

B. Softening of the nails

C. Atrophy lf the subcutaneous layer of skin

C. ATROPHY OF THE SUBCUTANEOUS LAYER OF SKIN

17

Which of the following is a sign of aging in the nervous system?

A. Increased blood flow to the brain

B. Shortened attention span

C. Enlargement of the substantia nigra in the brain

B. SHORTENED ATTENTION SPANN

18

Elderly patients experience postural hypotension, which is a sign of aging related to?

A. Integumentary system

B. Musculoskeletal system

C. Nervous system

D. Cardiovascular system

D. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

19

Another term for degenerative joint disease is?

A. Kyphosis

B. Osteoporosis

C. Osteoarthritis

C. OSTEOARTHRITIS

20

Which of the following statements about cognitive-intellectual development in elderly patients is true?

A. Most people can no longer learn after age 60

B. Accumulated information and life experiences make them great teachers

C. Short-term memory seems to remain intact

B. ACCUMULATED INFORMATION AND LIFE EXPERIENCES MAKE THEM GREAT TEACHERS

21

Which of the following points Is not included in patient education for geriatric patients?

A. Encourage regular aerobic exercise

B. Provide information about balanced nutrition

C. Encourage avoidance of napping in the daytime

C. ENCOURAGE AVOIDANCE OF NAPPING IN THE DAYTIME

22

A condition in which cholesterol and triglyceride levels are above normal is?

A. Hypertension

B. Hyperlipidemia

C. Hypotension

B. HYPERLIPIDEMIA

23

Which of the following treatments would be used for a patient who has CHF?

A. Surgical valve repair

B. Chemotherapy

C. Diuretics

C. DIURETICS

24

Which of the following conditions can be alleviated by encouraging elderly patients to eat more high-fiber foods and drink plenty of fluids?

A. Coronary artery disease

B. Constipation-diarrhea cycle

C. Arthritis

B. CONSTIPATION-DIARRHEA CYCLE

25

Which of the following conditions may cause increased thirst, increased urination, and fatigue?

A. Alzheimer's disease

B. Diabetes mellitus type II

C. Osteoporosis

B. DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE II

26

Which debilitating brain disorder commonly causes changes in personality, mood, or behavior, and for which there is no cure?

A. Bone cancer

B. Alzheimer's Disease

C. Cataracts

B. ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

27

Which of the following statements is true about nutrition in elderly patients?

A. People over the age of 30 should decrease their caloric intake by 10-15%

B. Elderly patients do not require as much protein

C. Elderly patients should increase their intake of high-fiber foods

C. ELDERLY PATIENTS SHOULD INCREASE THEIR INTAKE OF HIGH-FIBER FOODS

28

Which of the following is not a factor that may impair or impede nutritional intake?

A. Reduced nutritional value of canned foods

B. Apathy toward food

C. Lack of money for food

A. REDUCED NUTRIONAL VALUE OF CANNED FOODS

29

Against which of the following diseases are elderly patients encouraged to receive vaccination?

A. Shingles

B. Alzheimer's

C. Colitis

A. SHINGLES

30

Which of the following statements is not true regarding elder abuse

A. Elders can be abused physically, sexually or physchologically

B. Most elder abuse victims are older men with chronic disabilities

C. Some elders choose to neglect themselves

B. MOST OLDER ABUSE VICTIMS ARE OLDER MEN WITH CHRONIC DISABILITIES

31

Which of the following may cause memory loss associated with old age?

A. Decreased blood flow to the brain

B. Changes in the hippocampus of the brain

C. Shrinkage of the substania nigra of the brain

B. CHANGES IN THE HIPPOCAMPUS OF THE BRAIN

32

Suggestions that would help an elderly patient who has hyperlipidemia would be to increase exercise and eat more food with lower amounts of?

A. Protein

B. Carbs

C. Cholesterol

C. CHOLESTEROL