sociology 4 Flashcards


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1

Conflict theorists and functionalists would most likely focus on such things as social class and group relationships and would use the macrosociological approach.

True or False

True

2

The sociological significance of social structure is that it guides our behavior.

True or False

True

3

The broadest framework that determines what kind of people we will become is social status.

True or False

False

4

What two sociological perspectives are most linked to macrosociology?

functionalism and the conflict perspective

5

A focus on the broad features of society to analyze such things as social class and how groups relate to one another is called

macrosociology

6

Which sociological perspective is most closely linked to microsociology?

symbolic interactionism

7

What are the three primary variables in determining one's social class?

income, education, occupational prestige

8

Jane is a 49-year-old woman of Irish-German descent. What do these characteristics have in common?

These are examples of her ascribed statuses.

9

Which of the following represents an achieved status?

Having a prescribed sex (male or female)

Knowing your particular ethnic descent

Being a high school drop-out

Acting like your mother when she was your age

Being a high school drop-out

10

Andrea is an aspiring associate editor for a major publisher. She is single but feels married to her work. Last year she received a $20,000 bonus for the excellent work she did in promoting new textbooks published by her employer. Based on this information, Andrea's ascribed status is ________ and her achieved status is ________.

female; associate director

11

Bumper stickers such as "Proud Parent of an Honor Student" and "Warning: This Driver Convicted of DUI" are best described as being ________.

status symbols

12

Signs that identify a position in society that someone occupies are referred to as ________.

status symbols

13

A position in society that cuts across other statuses a person holds, such as being a high-ranking Army officer, a college president, or a handicapped Olympian, would be considered that person’s ________.

master status

14

Because of his incredibly accelerated study program, Professor Zuchov has the unique privilege of being a 17-year-old university professor. Sociologically, this is an example of ________.

status inconsistency

15

The difference between status and role is that ________.

we occupy a status that is a social position, but we play a role that is a social expectation

16

Expectations that guide our behavior are called ________.

norms

17

Leo, Ryan, and Matthew regularly interact with one another and share similar values, norms, and expectations. In view of this, which concept most applies to their relationship?

They are a group.

18

The organized, usual, or standard ways by which society meets its basic needs are referred to as ________.

social institutions

19

All of the following represent one of the five functional requisites that every society must fulfill to survive EXCEPT for which one?

socializing new members

providing a sense of purpose

replacing members

maintaining traditional gender relations

maintaining traditional gender relations

20

In what three states do 75 percent of the Old Order Amish live?

Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana