Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN Examination: Chapter 46: Integumentary System Flashcards


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Integumentary System
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1

The nurse is conducting a session about the principles of first aid and is discussing the interventions for a snakebite to an extremity. The nurse should inform those attending the session that the first priority intervention in the event of this occurrence is which action?

  1. Immobilize the affected extremity
  2. Remove jewelry and constricting clothing from the victim
  3. Place the extremity in a position so that it is below the level of the heart
  4. Move the victim to a safe area away from the snake and encourage the victim to rest

Move the victim to a safe area away from the snake and encourage the victim to rest

2

A client calls the emergency department and tells the nurse that he came directly into contact with poison ivy shrubs. The client tells the nurse that he cannot see anything on the skin and asks the nurse what to do. The nurse should make which response?

  1. "Come to the emergency department."
  2. "Apply calamine lotion immediately to the exposed skin areas."
  3. `
  4. "It is not necessary to do anything if you cannot see anything on your skin."

"Take a shower immediately, lathering and rinsing several times."

3

A client is being admitted to the hospital for treatment of acute cellulitis of the lower left leg. During the admission assessment, the nurse expects to note which finding?

  1. An inflammation of the epidermis only
  2. A skin infection of the dermis and underlying hypodermis
  3. An acute superficial infection of the dermis and lymphatics
  4. An epidermal and lymphatic infection caused by Staphylococcus

A skin infection of the dermis and underlying hypodermis

4

The clinic nurse assesses the skin of a client with psoriasis after the client has used a new topical treatment for 2 months. The nurse identifies which characteristics as improvement in the manifestations of psoriasis? Select all that apply.

  1. Presence of striae
  2. Palpable radial pulses
  3. Absence of any ecchymosis on the extremities
  4. Thinner and decrease in number of reddish papules
  5. Scarce amount of silvery-white scaly patches on the arms
  • Thinner and decrease in number of reddish papules
  • Scarce amount of silvery-white scaly patches on the arms
5

The clinic nurse notes that the health care provider has documented a diagnosis of herpes zoster (shingles) in the client's chart. Based on an understanding of the cause of this disorder, the nurse determines that this definitive diagnosis was made by which diagnostic test?

  1. Positive patch test
  2. Positive culture results
  3. Abnormal biopsy results
  4. Wood's light examination indicative of infection

Positive culture results

6

A client returns to the clinic for follow-up treatment following a skin biopsy of a suspicious lesion performed 1 week ago. The biopsy report indicates that the lesion is a melanoma. The nurse understands that melanoma has which characteristics? Select all that apply.

  1. Lesion is painful to touch.
  2. Lesion is highly metastatic.
  3. Lesion is a nevus that has changes in color.
  4. Skin under the lesion is reddened and warm to touch.
  5. Lesion occurs in body area exposed to outdoor sunlight.
  • Lesion is highly metastatic
  • Lesion is a nevus that has changes in color
7

When assessing a lesion diagnosed as basal cell carcinoma, the nurse most likely expects to note which findings? Select all that apply.

  1. An irregularly shaped lesion
  2. A small papule with a dry, rough scale
  3. A firm, nodular lesion topped with crust
  4. A pearly papule with a central crater and a waxy border
  5. Location in the bald spot atop the head that is exposed to outdoor sunlight
  • A pearly papule with a central crater and a waxy border
  • Location in the bald spot atop the head that is exposed to outdoor sunlight
8

A client arriving at the emergency department has experienced frostbite to the right hand. Which finding would the nurse note on assessment of the client's hand?

  1. A pink, edematous hand
  2. Fiery red skin with edema in the nail beds
  3. Black fingertips surrounded by an erythematous rash
  4. A white color to the skin, which is insensitive to touch

A white color to the skin, which is insensitive to touch

9

The evening nurse reviews the nursing documentation in a client's chart and notes that the day nurse has documented that the client has a stage II pressure ulcer in the sacral area. Which finding would the nurse expect to note on assessment of the client's sacral area?

  1. Intact skin
  2. Full-thickness skin loss
  3. Exposed bone, tendon, or muscle
  4. Partial-thickness skin loss of the dermis

Partial-thickness skin loss of the dermis

10

An adult client was burned in an explosion. The burn initially affected the client's entire face (anterior half of the head) and the upper half of the anterior torso, and there were circumferential burns to the lower half of both arms. The client's clothes caught on fire, and the client ran, causing subsequent burn injuries to the posterior surface of the head and the upper half of the posterior torso. Using the rule of nines, what would be the extent of the burn injury?

  1. 18%
  2. 24%
  3. 36%
  4. 48%

36%

11

The nurse is preparing to care for a burn client scheduled for an escharotomy procedure being performed for a third-degree circumferential arm burn. The nurse understands that which finding is the anticipated therapeutic outcome of the escharotomy?

  1. Return of distal pulses
  2. Brisk bleeding from the site
  3. Decreasing edema formation
  4. Formation of granulation tissue

Return of distal pulses

12

A client is undergoing fluid replacement after being burned on 20% of her body 12 hours ago. The nursing assessment reveals a blood pressure of 90/50 mm Hg, a pulse rate of 100 beats/minute, and a urine output of 20 mL over the past hour. The nurse reports the findings to the health care provider (HCP) and anticipates which prescription?

  1. Transferring 1 unit of packed red blood cells
  2. Administering a diuretic to increase urine output
  3. Increasing the amount of intravenous (IV) lactated Ringer's solution administered per hour
  4. Changing the IV lactated Ringer's solution to one that contains 5% dextrose in water

Increasing the amount of intravenous (IV) lactated Ringer's solution administered per hour

13

A client is brought to the emergency department with partial-thickness burns to his face, neck, arms, and chest after trying to put out a car fire. The nurse should implement which nursing actions for this client> Select all that apply.

  1. Restrict fluids
  2. Assess for airway patency
  3. Administer oxygen as prescribed
  4. Place a cooling blanket on the client
  5. Elevate extremities if no fractures are present
  6. Prepare to give oral pain medication as prescribed
  • Assess for airway patency
  • Administer oxygen as prescribed
  • Elevate extremities if no fractures are present
14

The nurse is caring for a client who sustained superficial partial-thickness burns on the anterior lower legs and anterior thorax. Which finding does the nurse expect to note during the resuscitation/emergent phase of the burn injury?

  1. Decreased heart rate
  2. Increased urinary output
  3. Increased blood pressure
  4. Elevated hematocrit levels

Elevated hematocrit levels

15

The nurse manager is planning the clinical assignments for the day. Which staff members cannot be assigned to care for a client with herpes zoster? Select all that apply.

  1. The nurse who never had reseola
  2. The nurse who never had mumps
  3. The nurse who never had chickenpox
  4. The nurse who never had German measles
  5. The nurse who never received the varicella-zoster vaccine
  • The nurse who never had chickenpox
  • The nurse who never received the varicella-zoster vaccine
16

A client arrives at the emergency department following a burn injury that occurred in the basement at home, and an inhalation injury is suspected. What would the nurse anticipate to be prescribed for the client?

  1. 100% oxygen via an aerosol mask
  2. Oxygen via nasal cannula at 6 L/minute
  3. Oxygen via nasal cannula at 15 L/minute
  4. 100% oxygen via a tight-fitting, nonrebreather face mask

100% oxygen via a tight-fitting, nonrebreather face mask

17

The nurse is administering fluids intravenously as prescribed to a client who sustained superficial partial-thickness burn injuries of the back and legs. In evaluating the adequacy of fluid resuscitation, the nurse understands that which assessment would provide the most reliable indicator for determining the adequacy?

  1. Vital signs
  2. Urine output
  3. Mental status
  4. Peripheral pulses

Urine output

18

The nurse manager is observing a new nursing graduate caring for a burn client in protective isolation. The nurse manager intervenes if the new nursing graduate planned to implement which unsafe component of protective isolation technique?

  1. Using sterile sheets and lines
  2. performing strict hand washing technique
  3. Wearing gloves and a gown only when giving direct care to the client
  4. Wearing protective garb, including a mask, gloves, cap, shoe covers, gowns, and plastic apron

Wearing gloves and a gown only when giving direct care to the client

19

The nurse is caring for a client following an autograft and grafting to a burn wound on the right knee. What would the nurse anticipate to be prescribed for the client?

  1. Out-of-bed activities
  2. Bathroom privileges
  3. Immobilization of the affected leg
  4. Placing the affected leg in a dependent position

Immobilization of the affected leg

20

The nurse is caring for a client who suffered an inhalation injury from a wood stove. The carbon monoxide blood report reveals a level of 12%. Based on this level, the nurse would anticipate noting which sign in the client?

  1. Coma
  2. Flushing
  3. Dizziness
  4. Tachycardia

Flushing