A&P Test 1 Chapter 4
Which one of the following is not one of the four main tissue categories?
The tissue that always has an apical and a basal surface is ________ tissue.
Characteristics of epithelia include all of the following except
The junction type that lets neighboring cells exchange small molecules is the
Functions of epithelia include all of the following except
supporting muscle cells.
Epithelial cells that are adapted for absorption usually have ________ at their free surface.
A type of intercellular junction that stops materials from crossing an epithelium between cells is called a(n)
Dead skin cells are shed in thin sheets because they are held together by "spots" of proteoglycan reinforced by intermediate filaments. Such strong intercellular connections are called
Epithelial cells exhibit modifications that adapt them for
Epithelium is connected to underlying connective tissue by
a basement membrane.
Which tissue lines the small intestine and the stomach?
simple columnar epithelium
A layer of glycoproteins that prevents leakage of materials from connective tissues into epithelia is the
Epithelia specialized for providing sensations of smell, taste, sight, equilibrium, and hearing are known as
divide continually to produce new epithelial cells.
In stratified epithelia adapted to resist mechanical forces, which of the following types of cell-to-cell junctions are especially abundant?
Close examination of a healthy organ reveals a lining of several layers of cells. The layers do not contain any blood vessels and one surface of the cells lines the cavity of the organ. This tissue is a type of
Examination of a tissue sample reveals groups of cells united by junctional complexes and interlocking membranes. The cells have one free surface and lack blood vessels. The tissue is most likely ________ tissue.
Transitional epithelium is found
lining the urinary bladder.
The heart and blood vessels are lined by ________ epithelium.
You would find pseudostratified columnar epithelium lining the
Which of the following statements about simple epithelia is false?
They cover surfaces subjected to mechanical or chemical stress.
Cells that are flat and thin are classified as
Mesothelium is to the body cavities as endothelium is to the
heart and blood vessels.
The epithelia that line body cavities and blood vessels are classified as
Secretions through a duct might provide ________, whereas ductless secretions act as ________.
The two major types of cell layering in epithelia are
simple and stratified.
The epithelium that forms air sacs in the lungs is ________ epithelium.
The function of simple cuboidal epithelium is
absorption and secretion.
The study of cells shed from epithelial surfaces, often for diagnostic purposes, is termed
The Pap test for cervical cancer utilizes
Glands that secrete hormones into the interstitial fluid are ________ glands.
Cells that are specialized for secretion
Watery perspiration is an example of a(n) ________ secretion.
Glands that secrete their product by the bursting of cells are ________ glands.
The pancreas produces ________ secretions.
exocrine and endocrine
Unicellular exocrine glands secrete
A gland formed by cells arranged in a blind pocket with a single unbranched duct would be called
Which of the following tissues are classified as "connective tissue proper"?
areolar connective tissue, adipose tissue, fibrocartilage, dense irregular connective tissue
1, 2, and 4
Which cell produces the protein fibers in areolar connective tissue?
Blood is which type of tissue?
The viscous material between cells of areolar connective tissue is called the
Cells that store fat are called
The framework or stroma of organs such as the spleen, liver, and lymph nodes is made up of ________ tissue.
The dominant fiber type in dense connective tissue is
Each of the following is an example of dense connective tissue except
The three categories of connective tissues are
connective tissue proper, fluid connective tissue, and supporting connective tissue.
Two classes of macrophages include
fixed macrophages and free macrophages.
Two types of microphages include
neutrophils and eosinophils.
Tissues that provide strength and support for areas subjected to stresses from many directions are
dense irregular connective tissues.
What type of cell makes up almost half the volume of blood?
Wharton's jelly is a form of
________ attach skeletal muscles to bones, and ________ connect one bone to another.
The three types of protein fibers in connective tissue are
collagen, reticular, and elastic.
The color distinction between white fat and brown fat exists because brown fat
is highly vascular.
Cells that engulf bacteria or cell debris within loose connective tissue are
Loose connective tissue functions in all of the following ways except
providing strong connections between muscles and bones.
Antibodies are produced by
Cells that respond to injury by dividing to assist in connective tissue repair are
The most common type of cartilage is ________ cartilage.
Osseous tissue is also called
Chondroitin sulfate is abundant in the matrix of
Which type of connective tissue is found in the trachea and between the ribs and sternum?
Which of the following connective tissue cells produces collagen?
A tissue with a gel matrix and cells inside lacunae is
Cartilage is separated from surrounding tissues by a fibrous
Chondrocytes are to cartilage as osteocytes are to
Damage to a joint cartilage is affecting which type of tissue?
supporting connective tissue
Unlike cartilage, bone
is highly vascular.
Which of the following membranes line cavities that communicate with the exterior of the body?
The reduction of friction between the parietal and visceral surfaces of an internal cavity is the function of
The serous membrane lining the abdominal cavity is the
The term transudate describes fluid associated with
Microscopic examination of a tissue reveals a loose framework of fibers embedded in a large volume of fluid ground substance and adipocytes and mast cells fibers. This tissue would most likely have come from the
superficial fascia between skin and muscle.
The framework of connective tissue between the skin and underlying muscles is called the
Which of the following refers to the dense connective tissue that surrounds a muscle and blends with the tendon?
Tissue that is specialized for contraction is ________ tissue.
Myosatellite cells are found in association with ________ muscle.
Intercalated discs and pacemaker cells are characteristic of ________ tissue.
The muscle tissue that shows no striations is ________ muscle.
Tissue that is specialized for the conduction of electrical impulses is ________ tissue.
All of the following are true of neurons except that
they are a very specialized form of connective tissue.
During an inflammatory response to injury, which of the following is the least likely in the region of the injury?
cold, pale skin
The permanent replacement of normal tissue by fibrous tissue is called
Tissue changes with age include all of the following except
proliferation of epidermal cells.
The study of tissues is called
An epithelial cell can be divided into two functional regions. They are the ________ and the basal surface.
________ are proteins that connect adjacent cells at a gap junction.
The epithelium that lines the body cavities is known as
Gland cells produce
Which of the following glands have a compound rather than a simple structure?
The process of lactation (milk production) depends on both merocrine and ________ secretion by mammary gland epithelial cells.
The viscous component of connective tissue is called
The combination of fibers and ground substance in supporting connective tissues is known as
The watery fluid component of blood is called
In areolar connective tissue, ________ cells release histamine.
The three major subdivisions of extracellular fluid found in the body are plasma, interstitial fluid, and
Interstitial fluid that enters a lymphatic vessel is called
The three kinds of formed elements in blood are erythrocytes, leukocytes, and
Lymphocytes can develop into cells that secrete defense proteins against disease. These cells are termed ________, while these proteins are called antibodies.
Defense cells in blood are called white blood cells or
Antiangiogenesis factor is a chemical produced by ________ that blocks the growth of blood vessels.
A herniated disc is an injury of the pads of cartilage between the vertebrae in which the cartilage bulges from normal position. What type of cartilage is affected?
Growth of cartilage by accumulation of matrix around chondrocytes is called ________ growth.
In ________ growth, cartilage grows wider or thicker in diameter.
Epithelia and connective tissues combine to form ________ that cover and protect other structures and tissues in the body.
The loose connective tissue component of a mucous membrane is called the
Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity as a result of liver or kidney disease, malnutrition, or heart failure is known as
The function of ________ is to propagate electrical signals from one place to another.
________ support, protect, and nourish nerve cells.
The body's first tissue response to any injury is