14.2 Flashcards


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1

What is the name of the proximal, funnel shaped portion of the ureter?

A. Calyx B. Cortex C. Renal pyramid D. Renal pelvis

. Renal pelvis

2

A patient who is lacking the substance in the blood for clotting is suffering from what condition?

A. Aplastic anemia B. Hemophilia C. Sickle-cell anemia D. Leukemia

B. Hemophilia

3

Which of the following is a lower respiratory disease?

A. Tonsillitis B. Influenza C. Hay fever D. Bronchitis

Bronchitis is an inflammation (-itis) of the bronchus (bronch), a lower respiratory infection.

4

Which of the following is an acute infectious disease that primarily affects lymphoid tissue?

A. Atherosclerosis B. Mononucleosis C. Leukemia D. Staphylococci

B. Mononucleosis

5

How many ribs should be showing above the diaphragm on a PA chest radiograph on deep inspiration?

A. 8 B. 10 C. 12 D. 14

10

6

What is it called when part of a patient's bronchial tree is blocked, causing a partial collapse?

A. Pneumothorax B. Atelectasis C. Hemothorax D. Pleural effusion

B. Atelectasis

7

Which of the following vessels transports blood from the abdomen back to the heart?

A. Superior vena cava B. Inferior vena cava C. Superior mesenteric vein D. Inferior mesenteric vein

B. Inferior vena cava

8

Which body plane is centered to the CR for a supine abdominal radiograph?

A. Midtransverse B. Midlambdoidal C. Midcoronal D. Midsagittal

D. Midsagittal

9

What is the name of the plane that divides the body into right and left halves?

A. Coronal plane B. Sagittal plane C. Midsagittal plane D. Horizontal plane

C. Midsagittal plane

10

Pyloric stenosis is most often found in which of the following?

A. Young infants B. Children C. Young adults D. Older adults

A. Young infants

11

Which of the following organs would be located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen?

A. Gallbladder B. Spleen C. Descending colon D. Sigmoid

A. Gallbladder

12

What is the name of the flexure that lies between the transverse colon and the descending colon?

A. Ileocecal B. Right colic (hepatic) C. Left colic (splenic) D. Sigmoid

C. Left colic (splenic)

13

Which of the following is the sac that surrounds the heart?

A. Pleura B. Pericardium C. Myocardium D. Cardial membrane

B. Pericardium

14

In which of the following organs would Henle's loop be located?

A. Liver B. Kidney C. Adrenal D. Pancreas

B. Kidney

15

What is the name of the duct that transports bile from the gallbladder?

A. Hepatic duct B. Cystic duct C. Duodenal duct D. Common hepatic duct

B. Cystic duct

16

To turn in or inward describes which of the following movements?

A. Flex B. Extend C. Adduct D. Invert

invert

17

What is another name for the midsagittal plane?

A. Median plane B. Middle plane C. Mean plane D. Coronal plane

median

18

Which of the following defines dysuria?

A. Painful urination B. Inability to urinate C. Frequent urination D. Constant urination

A. Painful urination

19

Which of the following refers to acute chest pain due to inadequate oxygen supply?

A. Angina pectoris B. Palpitation C. Regurgitation D. Cardiac arrhythmia

A. Angina pectoris

20

In which direction does the diaphragm move on inspiration?

A. Laterally B. Inferiorly C. Superiorly D. Medially

B. Inferiorly

21

What is the name of the examination where contrast media is injected into the uterus and uterine tubes?

A. Urography B. Pelvimetry C. Placentography D. Hysterosalpingography

Hysterosalpingography

22

What is the name of the junction between the small intestine and the large intestine?

A. Coliointestinal junction B. Ileocecal valve C. Hepatocecal valve D. Bowel articulation

B. Ileocecal valve

23

Which of the following positions will best demonstrate the pylorus and duodenal loop?

A. Supine B. LAO C. RAO D. Prone

RAO

24

Which of the following anatomical structures is (are) located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen?

1. Gallbladder
2. Cecum
3. Spleen
A. 1 only B. 3 only C. 1 & 2 only D. 1 & 3 only

spleen

25

An obstructed ureter will cause the renal pelvis to dilate with urine. What is this condition called?

A. Incontinence B. Nephrolithiasis C. Urenia D. Hydronephrosis

D. Hydronephrosis

26

Which of the following is a chronic degenerative liver disease?

A. Cystic fibrosis B. Cirrhosis C. Ascites D. Cholecystitis

A. Cystic fibrosis

27

The abdominal aorta bifurcates into right and left _______ arteries.

A. mesenteric B. iliac C. renal D. femoral

iliac

28

What muscle separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity?

A. Psoas B. Diaphragm C. Lungular D. Gluteal

diaphragm

29

What is the name of the large, thick muscle located on either side of the lumbar vertebrae?

A. Latissimus dorsi B. Psoas C. Deltoid D. Columnar

psoas

30

Why should the chin be extended when doing either a PA or a lateral chest radiograph?

A. To arch the patient's back B. To demonstrate the lung apices C. To assure the patient is erect D. So the patient can breathe deep

To assure the patient is erect

31
card image

This double-contrast barium enema radiograph was taken with the patient in what position?

AP B. RPO C. Left lateral decubitus D. Right lateral decubitus

C. Left lateral decubitus

32

Diabetes mellitus is a condition caused by lack of insulin secretion from which of the following organs?

A. Stomach B. Kidneys C. Pituitary gland D. Pancreas

pancreas

33

hy is operative cholangiography performed?

A. To demonstrate anatomy

B. To check for proper drainage into the duodenum

C. To check for residual gallstones in the biliary ducts

D. All of the above

all of the above

34

What do you call the sac that encloses the lungs?

A. Pleura B. Pericardium C. Mediastinum D. Alveolar sac

A. Pleura

35

What is the name of the main bile duct that leads directly from the liver?

A. Common hepatic duct B. Cystic duct C. Common bile duct D. Abdominal duct

A. Common hepatic duct

36

Which of the following terms describes a tumor and actually means "new growth"?

A. Carcinoma B. Sarcoma C. Neoplasm D. Osteoma

neoplasm

-The prefix "neo-" means new, and "plasm" means growth or development. A neoplasm may be benign or malignant.

37

"Loss of appetite" describes which of the following conditions?

A. Anorexia B. Enteritis C. Volvulus D. Regional ulcers

anorexia

38

How many pairs of ribs are there in a normal human skeleton?

A. 7 B. 12 C. 14 D. 24

12

39

Which of the following terms refers to the sole of the foot?

A. Plantar B. Visceral C. Parietal D. Extrinsic

plantar

40

Which of the following is broken down into the two major categories of "gross" and "microscopic"?

A. Hematuria B. Cystitis C. Reflux D. Hydronephrosis

A. Hematuria

41

Which gland is large when a person is young and almost disappears as an adult?

A. Pituitary B. Adrenal C. Thyroid D. Thymus

thymus

42

Which positioning term refers to the side of or a side view?

A. Dorsal B. Lateral C. Distal D. Proximal

lateral

-Lateral refers to the part of a structure away from the midline of the body and/or the body position that is 90 degrees from an AP or PA

43

A position in which the midsagittal plane does NOT form a right angle with the image receptor or CR, is said to be a/an _______.

A. AP B. PA C. lateral D. oblique

oblique

44

Which of the following positions would best demonstrate the rectum filled with barium?

A. RPO B. Supine C. Lateral D. Erect

lateral

45

An inflammation of a vein is known as what?

A. Phlebitis B. Thrombosis C. Embolitis D. Edemitis

A. Phlebitis

-The suffix that means inflammation is "-itis" and the word root for vein is "phleb". Phlebitis is inflammation of a vein.

46

The patient preparation for a barium enema would require which of the following?

A. Perfectly clean colon B. Completely empty stomach C. Totally sedated patient D. N.P.O. two days prior to examination

A. Perfectly clean colon

47

Which bone would be radiographed to demonstrate the manubrium?

A. Clavicle B. Scapula C. Sternum D. Rib

C. Sternum

48

The gallbladder will be located near the vertebrae in which of the following body types?

A. Asthenic B. Sthenic C. Hypersthenic D. Average

A. Asthenic

49

Which of the following is NOT considered part of the bony thorax?

A. Sternum B. Ribs C. Thoracic spine D. Lumbar spine

lumbar

-The purpose of the bony thorax is to protect the vital organs of the chest. It is made up of the sternum anteriorly, the ribs laterally and thoracic spine posteriorly.

50

Which of the following root words means "renal pelvis"?

A. Pyel B. Vesic C. Trigon D. Glomerul

A. Pye

51

Which of the following does NOT pass through the diaphragm?

A. Esophagus B. Aorta C. Trachea D. Inferior vena cava

C. Trachea