14.1 Flashcards


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1

What is the main artery of the systemic circulation?

A. Brachiocephalic artery

B. Pulmonary artery

C. Aorta

D. Celiac trunk

aorta

2

Which of the following terms describes a lateral movement away from the midsagittal plane of the body?

A. Abduction B. Adduction C. Circumduction D. Flexion

A. Abduction

3

Which of the following reasons would NOT require an acute abdominal series?

A. A child swallowing a penny B. Perforated hollow viscus C. Intestinal obstruction D. Abdominal infection

a child swallowing a penny

4

A patient hurts in the left anterior part of the thorax. Which oblique would show this area best?

A. LAO B. RAO C. RPO D. Lateral

RAO

5

What is the name of the opening in the proximal end of the stomach?

A. Sphincter of Oddi B. Pyloric portion C. Cardiac orifice D. Hiatus

B. Pyloric portion

6

Which kidney is placed parallel to the image receptor when a 30 degree RPO radiograph is taken?

A. Right B. Left C. Both are parallel D. Both are perpendicular

left

7

Which decubitus position is preferred for demonstrating air and fluid levels in the abdomen?

A. Dorsal decubitus B. Ventral decubitus C. Right lateral decubitus D. Left lateral decubitus

Left lateral decubitus

8

Which of the following organs have folds that are referred to as haustra?

A. Stomach B. Large intestine C. Gallbladder D. Small intestine

large intestine

9

In the hypersthenic patient, how does the stomach lie?

A. Low and vertical B. Low and horizontal C. High and vertical D. High and horizontal

High and horizontal

10

Which of the following is NOT an accessory organ of the digestive system?

A. Pancreas B. Gallbladder C. Liver D. Spleen

spleen

11

An upper G.I. series on a hypersthenic patient would require what kind of an adjustment of the central ray?

A. 2" higher than normal B. 2" lower than normal C. More medial than normal D. No adjustment would be needed

A. 2" higher than normal

12

What is the name of a plane that lies at a right angle to the midsagittal plane?

A. Oblique plane B. Vertical plane C. Horizontal plane D. Sagittal plane

Sagittal plane

13

Where is the trachea situated in relationship to the esophagus?

A. Lateral B. Anterior C. Posterior D. Inferior

anterior

14

Which position of the chest has the patient standing erect and leaning backward to rest his/her shoulders against the image receptor?

A. Posterior oblique B. Apical lordotic C. Intrathoracic D. Mediastinal tilt

B. Apical lordotic

15

Which of the following are well visualized by a double-contrast barium enema?

A. Peptic ulcers B. Colon polyps C. G.I. bleeders D. Hemorrhoids

colon polyps

16

What term is used to describe the front half of the body, a structure or an organ?

A. Superior B. Palmar C. Anterior D. Dorsal

...

17

The technical name for "lung cancer" is which of the following?

A. Bronchogenic carcinoma B. Pleural sarcoma C. Bronchialoma D. Dyspnea

. Bronchogenic carcinoma

18

What is it called when fluid collects in the pleural space?

A. Pleural effusion B. Hemothorax C. Pneumothorax D. Pneumogram

A. Pleural effusion

19

What does the root word "thromb" mean?

A. Nucleus B. Protein C. Round D. Clot

clot

20

Which of the following is a reliable method for checking for rotation on a PA chest radiograph?

A. Mediastinal shift B. Compare size of lungs C. Symmetry of sternoclavicular joints D. Elevation of costophrenic angles

D. Elevation of costophrenic angles

21

A patient with a possible perforated ulcer would require which of the following procedures?

A. U.G.I. with thin barium B. U.G.I. with thick barium C. U.G.I with Gastrografin D. U.G.I with air contrast

U.G.I with Gastrografin

22

A double contrast enema consists of which of the following?

A. AP and PA abdominal radiographs B. A second examination of the large intestine C. A double volume large intestine examination D. Air and barium exam of the large intestine

D. Air and barium exam of the large intestine

23

To place the hand with the palm up describes which of the following movements?

A. Rotate B. Pronate C. Supinate D. Circumduct

supinate

24

When a patient is lying on his abdomen, he is said to be in which position?

A. Proximal B. Lateral C. Prone D. Supine

prone

25

The term "tachycardia" is defined as what?

A. High blood pressure B. Stopping of the heart C. Rapid heart rate D. Inflammation of the heart

rapid heart rate

26

Why are the shoulders rotated forward when radiographing the chest in a PA projection?

1. To remove the scapulae from the lung fields
2. To get the chest closer to the image receptor
3. To allow a deeper inspiration
A. 1 only B. 2 only C. 1 & 3 only D. 1, 2 & 3

1. To remove the scapulae from the lung fields

27

What do you call the most proximal portion of the small intestine?

A. Duodenum B. Jejunum C. Ileum D. Sigmoid

duodenum

28

Which of the following positions would the patient be in during the insertion of an enema tip?

A. Sims' position B. Trendelenburg position C. Fowler's position D. Prone position

sims

29

A chronic dilatation and distention of the bronchi with subsequent infection is known as what?

A. Bronchioles B. Bronchiectasis C. Hemoptysis D. Abscess

B. Bronchiectasis

30

Which of the following terms describes a movement toward the midsagittal plane of the body?

A. Extension B. Flexion C. Abduction D. Adduction

D. Adduction

31

Which of the following is supplied by the superior mesenteric artery?

A. Small intestine B. Spleen C. Liver D. Pancreas

A. Small intestine

32

What do you call the lower, outer margin of the lung, at the junction of the ribs and diaphragm?

A. Base B. Basilar angle C. Costophrenic angle D. Pleural junction

Costophrenic angle

Costo = ribs, phrenic = diaphragm. The costophrenic angle is the junction of the ribs and diaphragm

33

What do you call an ulcer in the stomach or duodenum?

1. Gastritis
2. Enteritis
3. Peptic ulcer

peptic ulcer

34

"Heart attack" is a descriptive term for which of the following clinical conditions?

A. Chest pain B. Rapid heart rate C. Occluded coronary artery D. Difficulty breathing

Occluded coronary artery

35

What is the name of a growth that extends into a cavity from the mucosal lining, often on a stalk?

A. Diverticulum B. Polyp C. Fistula D. Stricture

polyp

36

The portal system transports blood to which of the following organs?

A. Spleen B. Kidneys C. Intestines D. Liver

liver

37

Which of the following ducts results from the union of the cystic and common hepatic ducts?

A. Gallbladder duct B. Pancreatic duct C. Common bile duct D. Thoracic duct

common bile

38

The majority of food digestion takes place in which of the following organs?

A. Stomach B. Duodenum C. Small intestine D. Large intestine

small intestine

39

Which set of conditions would allow the diaphragm to descend to its most inferior position?

A. Patient supine, expiration B. Patient supine, inspiration C. Patient erect, expiration D. Patient erect, inspiration

D. Patient erect, inspiration

40

What is the medical name for a twisting or kinking of the bowel?

A. Ileus B. Diverticulosis C. Volvulus D. Intussusception

C. Volvulus

41

Which of the following would NOT be found in the urinary system?

A. Nephron B. Glomerulus C. Adrenal D. Calyx

C. Adrenal

42

What term is used to describe the back half of the body, a structure or an organ?

A. Inferior B. Plantar C. Posterior D. Ventral

C. Posterior

43

The clavicle articulates with which of the following?

A. Scapula and humerus B. Scapula and sternum C. Humerus and sternum D. Sternum and spine

B. Scapula and sternum

44

What is it called when part of the stomach slips through the diaphragm into the thorax?

A. Esophagitis B. Hiatal hernia C. Diaphragmatic weakening D. Gastric bulge

B. Hiatal hernia

45

Which of the following describes an inflammation of the abdominal cavity lining?

A. Peritonitis B. Gastritis C. Enteritis D. Diverticulitis

A. Peritonitis

46

Which of the following structures serves as a common passageway for both food and air?

A. Trachea B. Esophagus C. Pharynx D. Nasal cavity

C. Pharynx

47

What does the root word "vas" mean?

A. Atrium B. Heart C. Vessel D. Chest

vessel

48

Which of the following is another name for a kidney stone?

A. Pyelonephritis B. Cystitis C. Renal calculus D. Hematuria

s C. Renal calculus

49

The thyroid cartilage of the larynx is at the level of which cervical vertebra?

A. 2 B. 4 C. 6 D. 8

4

50

Which of the following positions/projections would best demonstrate a hiatal hernia?

A. AP B. Lateral C. RAO D. LAO

AP

51

Which of the following is the technical name for high blood pressure?

A. Phlebitis B. Stenosis C. Aneurysm D. Hypertension

D. Hypertension