What is the main artery of the systemic circulation?
A. Brachiocephalic artery
B. Pulmonary artery
D. Celiac trunk
Which of the following terms describes a lateral movement away from the midsagittal plane of the body?
A. Abduction B. Adduction C. Circumduction D. Flexion
Which of the following reasons would NOT require an acute abdominal series?
A. A child swallowing a penny B. Perforated hollow viscus C. Intestinal obstruction D. Abdominal infection
a child swallowing a penny
A patient hurts in the left anterior part of the thorax. Which oblique would show this area best?
A. LAO B. RAO C. RPO D. Lateral
What is the name of the opening in the proximal end of the stomach?
A. Sphincter of Oddi B. Pyloric portion C. Cardiac orifice D. Hiatus
B. Pyloric portion
Which kidney is placed parallel to the image receptor when a 30 degree RPO radiograph is taken?
A. Right B. Left C. Both are parallel D. Both are perpendicular
Which decubitus position is preferred for demonstrating air and fluid levels in the abdomen?
A. Dorsal decubitus B. Ventral decubitus C. Right lateral decubitus D. Left lateral decubitus
Left lateral decubitus
Which of the following organs have folds that are referred to as haustra?
A. Stomach B. Large intestine C. Gallbladder D. Small intestine
In the hypersthenic patient, how does the stomach lie?
A. Low and vertical B. Low and horizontal C. High and vertical D. High and horizontal
High and horizontal
Which of the following is NOT an accessory organ of the digestive system?
A. Pancreas B. Gallbladder C. Liver D. Spleen
An upper G.I. series on a hypersthenic patient would require what kind of an adjustment of the central ray?
A. 2" higher than normal B. 2" lower than normal C. More medial than normal D. No adjustment would be needed
A. 2" higher than normal
What is the name of a plane that lies at a right angle to the midsagittal plane?
A. Oblique plane B. Vertical plane C. Horizontal plane D. Sagittal plane
Where is the trachea situated in relationship to the esophagus?
A. Lateral B. Anterior C. Posterior D. Inferior
Which position of the chest has the patient standing erect and leaning backward to rest his/her shoulders against the image receptor?
A. Posterior oblique B. Apical lordotic C. Intrathoracic D. Mediastinal tilt
B. Apical lordotic
Which of the following are well visualized by a double-contrast barium enema?
A. Peptic ulcers B. Colon polyps C. G.I. bleeders D. Hemorrhoids
What term is used to describe the front half of the body, a structure or an organ?
A. Superior B. Palmar C. Anterior D. Dorsal
The technical name for "lung cancer" is which of the following?
A. Bronchogenic carcinoma B. Pleural sarcoma C. Bronchialoma D. Dyspnea
. Bronchogenic carcinoma
What is it called when fluid collects in the pleural space?
A. Pleural effusion B. Hemothorax C. Pneumothorax D. Pneumogram
A. Pleural effusion
What does the root word "thromb" mean?
A. Nucleus B. Protein C. Round D. Clot
Which of the following is a reliable method for checking for rotation on a PA chest radiograph?
A. Mediastinal shift B. Compare size of lungs C. Symmetry of sternoclavicular joints D. Elevation of costophrenic angles
D. Elevation of costophrenic angles
A patient with a possible perforated ulcer would require which of the following procedures?
A. U.G.I. with thin barium B. U.G.I. with thick barium C. U.G.I with Gastrografin D. U.G.I with air contrast
U.G.I with Gastrografin
A double contrast enema consists of which of the following?
A. AP and PA abdominal radiographs B. A second examination of the large intestine C. A double volume large intestine examination D. Air and barium exam of the large intestine
D. Air and barium exam of the large intestine
To place the hand with the palm up describes which of the following movements?
A. Rotate B. Pronate C. Supinate D. Circumduct
When a patient is lying on his abdomen, he is said to be in which position?
A. Proximal B. Lateral C. Prone D. Supine
The term "tachycardia" is defined as what?
A. High blood pressure B. Stopping of the heart C. Rapid heart rate D. Inflammation of the heart
rapid heart rate
Why are the shoulders rotated forward when radiographing the chest in a PA projection?
1. To remove the scapulae from the lung fields
2. To get the chest closer to the image receptor
3. To allow a deeper inspiration
A. 1 only B. 2 only C. 1 & 3 only D. 1, 2 & 3
1. To remove the scapulae from the lung fields
What do you call the most proximal portion of the small intestine?
A. Duodenum B. Jejunum C. Ileum D. Sigmoid
Which of the following positions would the patient be in during the insertion of an enema tip?
A. Sims' position B. Trendelenburg position C. Fowler's position D. Prone position
A chronic dilatation and distention of the bronchi with subsequent infection is known as what?
A. Bronchioles B. Bronchiectasis C. Hemoptysis D. Abscess
Which of the following terms describes a movement toward the midsagittal plane of the body?
A. Extension B. Flexion C. Abduction D. Adduction
Which of the following is supplied by the superior mesenteric artery?
A. Small intestine B. Spleen C. Liver D. Pancreas
A. Small intestine
What do you call the lower, outer margin of the lung, at the junction of the ribs and diaphragm?
A. Base B. Basilar angle C. Costophrenic angle D. Pleural junction
Costo = ribs, phrenic = diaphragm. The costophrenic angle is the junction of the ribs and diaphragm
What do you call an ulcer in the stomach or duodenum?
3. Peptic ulcer
"Heart attack" is a descriptive term for which of the following clinical conditions?
A. Chest pain B. Rapid heart rate C. Occluded coronary artery D. Difficulty breathing
Occluded coronary artery
What is the name of a growth that extends into a cavity from the mucosal lining, often on a stalk?
A. Diverticulum B. Polyp C. Fistula D. Stricture
The portal system transports blood to which of the following organs?
A. Spleen B. Kidneys C. Intestines D. Liver
Which of the following ducts results from the union of the cystic and common hepatic ducts?
A. Gallbladder duct B. Pancreatic duct C. Common bile duct D. Thoracic duct
The majority of food digestion takes place in which of the following organs?
A. Stomach B. Duodenum C. Small intestine D. Large intestine
Which set of conditions would allow the diaphragm to descend to its most inferior position?
A. Patient supine, expiration B. Patient supine, inspiration C. Patient erect, expiration D. Patient erect, inspiration
D. Patient erect, inspiration
What is the medical name for a twisting or kinking of the bowel?
A. Ileus B. Diverticulosis C. Volvulus D. Intussusception
Which of the following would NOT be found in the urinary system?
A. Nephron B. Glomerulus C. Adrenal D. Calyx
What term is used to describe the back half of the body, a structure or an organ?
A. Inferior B. Plantar C. Posterior D. Ventral
The clavicle articulates with which of the following?
A. Scapula and humerus B. Scapula and sternum C. Humerus and sternum D. Sternum and spine
B. Scapula and sternum
What is it called when part of the stomach slips through the diaphragm into the thorax?
A. Esophagitis B. Hiatal hernia C. Diaphragmatic weakening D. Gastric bulge
B. Hiatal hernia
Which of the following describes an inflammation of the abdominal cavity lining?
A. Peritonitis B. Gastritis C. Enteritis D. Diverticulitis
Which of the following structures serves as a common passageway for both food and air?
A. Trachea B. Esophagus C. Pharynx D. Nasal cavity
What does the root word "vas" mean?
A. Atrium B. Heart C. Vessel D. Chest
Which of the following is another name for a kidney stone?
A. Pyelonephritis B. Cystitis C. Renal calculus D. Hematuria
s C. Renal calculus
The thyroid cartilage of the larynx is at the level of which cervical vertebra?
A. 2 B. 4 C. 6 D. 8
Which of the following positions/projections would best demonstrate a hiatal hernia?
A. AP B. Lateral C. RAO D. LAO
Which of the following is the technical name for high blood pressure?
A. Phlebitis B. Stenosis C. Aneurysm D. Hypertension