Top 200 Drugs RN NCLEX with uses/category Flashcards


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created 6 years ago by Aaron_Reeder
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Top 200 NCLEX drugs and all the things I think I need to know for NCLEX and safety. Souce: Davis Drug Guide, online version 2017.
updated 6 years ago by Aaron_Reeder
Subjects:
nursing pharmacology
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1

Levothyroxine (Synthroid)

Thyroid supplementation

PO: administer in morning ac with full glass of water (prevents insomnia)

Foods or supplements containing calcium, iron, magnesium, or zinc may bind levothyroxine and prevent complete absorption.

May increase effects of Warfarin

Increased cardiovacular effects taken with adrenergics

2

Hydrocodone/APAP (Vicodin)

opioid analgesic combination

cough suppresent (hydrocodone only)

respiratory depression

3

Amoxicillin (Amoxil)

treats skin, otitis media, sinusitis, respiratory infections, genitourinary infections, endocarditis prophylaxis, ulcer disease management from h. pylori, post anthrax inhalation.

cross sensitivity to penicillins

may increase effects of warfarin

may decrease effects of oral contraceptives

S/E: diarrhea (CDAD)

4

Lisinopril (Prinivil)

ACE inhibitor

100% metabolized and eliminated by kidneys

S/E: dizziness, cough, hypotension,

may cause hyperkalemia, decreased sodium

avoid salt substitutes

may cause hypoglycemia

5

Esomeprazole (Nexium)

anti-ulcer agent, proton pump inhibitor

uses: GERD, heartburn

metabolized by liver

6

Atorvastatin (Lipitor)

lipid lowering agent

7

Simvastatin (Zocor)

lipid lowering agent

8

Clopidogrel (Plavix)

anti-platelet

9

Montelukast (Singulair)

bronchodilators

10

Rosuvastatin (Crestor)

lipid lowering agent

11

Metoprolol (Lopressor)

beta blocker

12

Escitalopram (Lexapro)

antidepressants, SSRI

13

Azithromycin (Zithromax)

macrolide antibiotic

14

Albuterol (Proventil)

bronchodilator

15

Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)

Thiazide diuretic

16

Metformin (Glucophage)

biguanide, antidiabetic, diabetes type 2

17

Sertraline (Zoloft)

antidepressant, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

18

Ibuprofen (Advil)

NSAID, antipyretic

19

Zolpidem (Ambien)

sedative/hypnotic

20

Furosemide (Lasix)

loop diuretic

21

Omeprazole (Prilosec)

antiulcer agent, proton pump inhibitor

22

Trazodone (Desyrel)

antidepressant

23

Valsartan (Diovan)

antihypertensive, angiotensin 2 antagonist

24

Tramadol (Ultram)

analgesic

25

Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

antidepressant, selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors

26

Warfarin (Coumadin)

anticoagulant

27

Amlodipine (Norvasc)

calcium channel blocker

28

Oxycodone/APAP (Percocet)

opioid analgesic combination

29

Quetapine (Seroquel)

antipsychotic, mood stabilizer

30

Promethazine (Phenergen)

antiemetic, antihistamine, sedative/hypnotic

31

Fluticasone (Flonase)

corticosteroid, antiinflammatory

32

Alprazolam (Xanax)

benzodiazapine, antianxiety

33

Clonazepam (Klonopin)

benzodiazapine, anticonvulsant

34

Benazapril (Lotensin)

ACE inhibitor

35

Meloxicam (Mobic)

NSAID, non-opioid analgesic

36

Citalopram (Celexa)

antidepressent, SSRI

37

Cephelexin (Keflex)

cephalasporin (1st gen), antiinfective

38

Tiotropium (Spiriva)

bronchodilator, anticholinergic

39

Gabapentin (Neurontin)

anticonvulsant, mood stabilizer, analgesic adjunct

40

Aripiprazole (Abilify)

antipsychotic, mood stabilizer, serotonin/dopamine modulators

41

Potassium (Ktab)

supplement

42

Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)

skeletal muscle relaxant

43

Methylprednisolone (solu-Medrol)

corticosteroid, anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressant

44

Methylphenidate (Concerta, Ritalin)

central nervous system stimulant

45

Loratidine (Claritin)

antihistamine

46

Carvedilol (Corega)

beta blocker

47

Carisoprodol (Soma)

skeletal muscle relaxant

48

Digoxin (Lanoxin)

antiarrhythmic, digital glycoside

49

Memantine (Nemanda)

anti-Alzheimer

50

Atenolol (Tenormin)

beta blocker

51

Diazepam (Valium)

antianxiety, anticonvulsant, sedative/hypnotic, skeletal muscle relaxant

52

Oxycodone (Oxycontin)

opioid analgesic

53

Risedronate (Actonel)

bone resorption inhibitor, biphosphonate

54

Folic Acid (Folvite)

antianemic, water soluble vitamin

55

Losartan + HCTZ (Hyzaar)

hypertension

56

Prednisone (Deltasone)

anti-inflammatory

57

Prednisolone (Omnipred)

anti-inflammatory

58

Alendronate (Fosamx)

Bone resorption inhibitor

59

Pantoprazole (Pantonix)

antiulcer, proton pump inhibitor

60

Tamsulosin (Flomax)

BPH management, decreases contractions of smooth muscle in prostate

61

Triamterene + HCTZ (Dyazide)

Triamterene helps with potassium loss

62

Paroxetine (Paxil)

SSRI, antianxiety, antidepresant

63

Buprenorphine + Naloxone (Suboxone, Subutex)

opioid analgesic combination

used for opioid dependence treatment

64

Enalapril (Vasotec0

ACE inhibitor

65

Lovastatin (Mevacor)

lipid lowering, hmg coa reductase inhibitor (statin)

66

Pioglatazone (Actos)

oral antidiabetic, thiazolidinediones

67

Pravastatin (Pravachol)

lipid lowering agents, hmg coa reductase inhibitor (statin)

68

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

antidepressents, SSRI

69

Insulin Detemir (Levemir)

antidiabetic hormone, pancreatic,

70

Fluconazole (Diflucan)

antifungul

71

Levofloxacin (Levaquin)

antibiotic, fluoroquinolone

72

Rivaroxaban (Xarelto)

anticoagulant, thrombotic, factor xa inhibitor

73

Celecoxib (Celebrex)

NSAID, antirheumatic, cox 2 inhibitor

74

Codeine/APAP (Tylenol #2)

opioid agonist, cough suppressant,

combination analgesic

75

Mometasone (Nasonex)

anti-inflammatory, corticosteroid

76

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

fluoroquinolones

77

Pregabalin (Lyrica)

nonopioid analgesic, anticonvulsant,

neuropathic pain

78

Insulin Aspart (Novolog)

antidiabetic hormone

79

Vanlafaxine (Effexor)

antidepressant, antianxiety, SSNRI

80

Lorazepam (Ativan)

antianxiety, sedative/hypnotic, antiemetic prior to chemo

81

Exetemibe (Zetia)

cholesterol absorption inhibitor, lipid lowering agent

82

Estrogen (Premarin)

hormone

83

Allopurinol (Zyloprim)

antigout

84

Penicillin (Pen VK)

antibiotic

85

Sitagliptan (Januvia)

type 2 antidiabetic

86

Amitryptaline (Elavil)

tricyclic antidepressant

87

Clonidine (Catapress)

antihypertensive, adrenergic

88

Latanoprost (Xalatan)

occular HTN

89

Lizdexamphetamine ( Vyvanse)

CNS stimulant

ADHD treatment, binge eating disorder

90

Fluticasone + Salmeterol (Advair)

corticosteroid, antinflammatory, bronchodilator

91

Budesinide + Formoterel (Symbicort)

corticosteroid, antinflammatory, bronchodilator

92

Dexlansoprazole (Dexilant)

anti ulcer, proton pump inhibitor

93

Glyburide (Diabeta)

oral antidiabetic for type 2

94

Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

antipsychotic, mood stabilizer, thienobenzodiazepine

95

Tolteradine (Detrol)

urinary tract antispasmodics, anticholinergic

96

Ranitidine (Zantac)

antiulcer, histamine h2 antagonist

97

Famotidine (Pepcid)

antiulcer, histamine h2 antagonist

98

Diltiazem (Cardizem)

calcium channel blocker, antiarrhythmic, antianginal, antihypertensive

99

Insulin Glargine (Lantis)

hormone, pancreatic,

100

Lisinopril + HCTZ (Prinizide)

ACE inhibitor +thiazide diuretic

101

Bupropion (Wellbutrin)

antidepressant, smoking deterrent