Chapter 13

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1

In solution-focused brief therapy, the role of the client is to create, explore, and co-author his or her evolving story.​

  • True
  • False

True

2

Narrative therapy is a strengths-based approach that emphasizes collaboration between client and therapist to help clients view themselves as empowered and living the way they want.

  • True
  • False

True

3

From the very first solution-focused interview, the therapist is mindful of working toward:​

Terminating

4

The narrative emphasis on creating an appreciative audience for new developments in an individual’s life lends itself to group counseling.​

  • True
  • False

True

5

Narrative therapy has been found to be particularly effective with diverse client populations for all of the following reasons except:

it teaches diverse clients to replace their own narratives with ones that conform more closely to the ideals and values of mainstream culture.

6

During the solution-focused initial therapy session, it is common for solution-focused therapists to ask, “What have you done since you called for the appointment that has made a difference in your problem?” This describes:

...

7

Narrative therapists pay attention to “sparkling moments.” These are: ​

a. ​ events characterized by a striving to overcome barriers.

b. ​ moments when the client feels exhilarated.

c. ​ identifying instances when the problem did not completely dominate the client’s life.

d. ​ times when significant others give the client unconditional love.

c. ​ identifying instances when the problem did not completely dominate the client’s life.

8

There are three kinds of solution-focused therapeutic relationships. The client and therapist jointly identify a problem and a solution to work toward describes which relationship?​

Customer-type relationship: client and therapist jointly identify a problem and a solution to work toward.

9

In solution-focused therapy, behavior change is viewed as the most effective approach to assisting people in enhancing their live

  • True
  • False

True

10

In solution-focused brief therapy, the role of the client is to create, explore, and co-author his or her evolving story.​

  • True
  • False

True

11

Even science is not free from the influence of such processes of social construction.​

  • True
  • False

True

12

Solution-focused brief therapy differs from traditional therapies by eschewing the past in favor of both the present and the future.​

  • True
  • False

True

13

From a social constructionist perspective, change begins with:

deconstructing the power of cultural narratives.

14

Narrative therapists pay significant attention to a client’s past as it helps them understand the origins of client’s stories.​

  • True
  • False

False

15

Donna feels certain that no one will ever want to hire her because she has a timid personality. Her solution-oriented therapist would be most inclined to:​

a. ​ explore her early childhood experiences with being rejected.

b. ​ prescribe medication for her anxiety issues.

c. ​ ask Donna to examine another side of the story she is presenting about herself and think of times when she was accepted by others.

d. ​ consider her irrational belief to be indicative of psychopathology.

c. ask Donna to examine another side of the story she is presenting about herself and think of times when she was accepted by others.

16

In the solution-oriented approach, which is not considered one of the three basic parts to the structure of summary feedback?

expressing concern

17

Which of the following statements about creating alternative stories is not true?

The narrative therapist analyzes and interprets the meaning of a client's story.

18

It is within the scope of SFBT practice to allow for some discussion of __________ to validate clients’ experience.

behavioral issues in the past

19

The founder(s) of solution-focused brief therapy is (are):​

Developed by Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg

20

Solution-focused brief therapy has parallels with______________, which concentrates on what is right and what is working for people rather than dwelling on deficits, weaknesses, and problems.​

positive psychology

21

The postmodern view incorporates all of the following concepts except for the notion that:​

reality is objectively defined.

22

There are three kinds of solution-focused therapeutic relationships. The client describes a problem but is not able or willing to assume a role in constructing a solution, believing that a solution is dependent on someone else’s actions describes which relationship?

Complainant relationship: a client who describes a problem, but is not able or willing to take an active role in constructing a solution

23

Without the cultural conditions that accept the concept of depression, talking about a person as depressed would mean nothing.​

  • True
  • False

True

24

There are three kinds of solution-focused therapeutic relationships. The client comes to therapy because someone else (a spouse, parent, teacher, or probation officer) thinks the client has a problem describes which relationship?

Visitors: client who come to therapy because someone else thinks hat have a problem

25

All are true of solution-focused brief therapists except that they:

a. ​ have little interest in a client exploring past problems.

b. ​ focus on the client’s early childhood experiences.

c. ​ believe that the cause of a problem is not necessarily related to its solution.

d. ​ expect that two clients may have different solutions to the same problem.

b. focus on the client's early childhood experiences.

26

A solution-oriented therapist might ask her client, a compulsive shopper, which of the following questions?​

a. ​ At what point in your life did you develop this fixation on shopping?

b. ​ Who has the best shoe sale this week, Macy’s or Nordstrom’s?

c. ​ If a miracle happened and your shopping compulsion was solved overnight, how would you know it was solved, and what would be different?

d. ​ Who in your family is most affected when you go on a spending spree?

c. ​ If a miracle happened and your shopping compulsion was solved overnight, how would you know it was solved, and what would be different?

27

​ The techniques of externalization and developing unique events are associated primarily with:

a. the narrative approach.

b. ​ the reflecting team.
c. ​ the linguistic approach.

d. ​ solution-oriented therapy.

a. the narrative approach.

28

In postmodern thinking, language and the use of language in stories create meaning.​

  • True
  • False

True

29

In regards to brief therapy, the average length of therapy is __________, with the most common length being only one session.

a. ​ three to eight sessions

b. ​ two to three weeks

c. ​ one to two months of sessions

d. ​ one to three sessions

a. ​ three to eight sessions

30

In social constructionism, the therapist assumes the role of expert, rather than adopting a collaborative or consultative stance.​

  • True
  • False

False

31

Narrative therapists attempt to do all of the following except:

a. ​ encourage free association.

b. ​ discover preferred directions and new possibilities.

c. ​ engage people in deconstructing problem-saturated stories.

d. ​ create new stories.

a. encourage free association.

32

The postmodern view incorporates all of the following concepts except for the notion that:​

a. ​ reality is objectively defined.

b. ​ reality is based on the use of language.

c. ​ each individual experiences their own unique reality.

d. ​ reality is socially constructed.

a. reality is objectively defined.

33

Narrative therapy has been effectively applied in school settings.​

  • True
  • False

True

34

​ All of the following are techniques used in solution-focused therapy except for:

a. ​ scaling questions.

b. ​ formula first session task.

c. ​ the miracle question.

d. ​ using the reflecting team.

d. using the reflecting team

35

Narrative conversations do not follow the linear progression described here; it is better to think of these steps in terms of __________ progression.

a. ​parallel

b. ​lateral

c. ​cyclical

d. ​perpendicular

c. ​cyclical

36

Social constructionism explains how values are transmitted through language by the social milieu and suggests that individuals are constantly changing with the ebb and flow of the influences of all of the following except:

a. ​society.

b. ​behavior.

c. ​culture.

d. ​family.

b. ​behavior.

37

​ From a social constructionist perspective, change begins with:

a. ​ deconstructing the power of cultural narratives.

b. ​ understanding and accepting objective reality.

c. ​ the therapist’s skill in using confrontational techniques.

d. ​ understanding the roots of a problem.

a. deconstructing the power of cultural narratives.