The Human Body in Health and Disease - Quiz A

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Chapter 2 - Quiz A
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medical, nursing
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1

A/An __________ is a deviation from what is regarded as normal.

anomaly

2

The term __________ describes the abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs.

dysplasia

3

A/An __________ is the complete set of genetic information of an individual.

genome

4

A/An __________ is a benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue.

adenoma

5

A physician who specializes in the care of older people is known as a/an __________ .

geriatrician

6

The term __________ means located behind the peritoneum.

retroperitoneal

7

The __________ region is located above the stomach.

epigastric

8

The term __________ means toward the head.

cephalic

9

The __________ plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions. This is also known as a coronal plane.

frontal

10

The body is divided into equal left and right halves by the __________ plane.

midsagittal

11

The __________ plane divides the body into upper and lower portions.

transverse

12

The __________ cavity protects the brain.

cranial

13

The __________ is the region surrounding the crease in the skin at the junction of the upper leg with the trunk.

groin

14

The study of the formation, structure, and function of cells is known as __________ .

cytology

15

Unspecialized cells that renew themselves for long periods of time through cell division are known as __________ cells.

stem

16

A specialist in the study of genes is known as a/an __________ .

geneticist

17

When a/an __________ gene is inherited from one parent, the offspring will have that genetic condition or characteristic.

dominant

18

A/An __________ is a group of specialized epithelial cells that are capable of producing secretions.

gland

19

The study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues is known as __________ .

histology

20

When the same __________ gene is inherited from both parents, the offspring will have that condition.

recessive