BMD 114-102 Ch 10D HW Flashcards


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1

The ________ is a synergist of the latissimus dorsi; it extends, medially rotates, and adducts the humerus.

teres major

teres minor

supraspinatus

infraspinatus

tres major

2

________ is a powerful forearm extensor.

Triceps brachii

Brachialis

Biceps brachii

Brachioradialis

Triceps Brachii

3

Tennis players often complain about pain in the arm (forearm) that swings the racquet. What muscle is usually strained under these conditions?

the triceps brachii

the flexor digitorum profundus

the brachioradialis

the anconeus

the brachioradialis

4

The main forearm extensor is the __________.

coracobrachialis

brachilais

biceps brachii

triceps brachii

triceps brachii

5

Where are the origins of most of the muscles that move the fingers?

the wrist

the arm

the forearm

the palm of the hand

the forearm

6
card image

Which muscle provides a guide to the position of the radial artery at the wrist for taking the pulse?

A B C D

D between the tendons of flexor capri radialis and brachioradialis

7
card image

Identify the palmaris longus muscle

A B C D

C

8

All of the muscles that originate from the medial epicondyle of the humerus have one of two functions. Which of the following pairs is correct?

wrist flexion and forearm pronation

wrist flexion and supination

wrist extension and forearm supination

forearm flexion and wrist flexion

wrist flexion and forearm pronation

9

Paralysis of which of the following would make an individual unable to flex the thigh?

iliopsoas and rectus femoris

vastus medialis

soleus

biceps femoris

iliopsoas and rectus femoris

10

Which of the following muscles is involved in crossing one leg over the other to produce the cross-legged position?

the sartorius

the quadriceps femoris

all of the hamstrings

the gastrocnemius

the sartorius

11
card image

Which of the following letters represents the sartorius muscle?

A B C D

B

12
card image

Which muscle would be a prime mover of knee extension?

C rectis femoris

13

Which of the following muscles is a flexor of the thigh?

adductor magnus

gluteus maximus

tibialis posterior

vastus lateralis

adductor magnus

14

Which muscle acts as both a knee (leg) extensor and hip (thigh) flexor?

rectus femoris

biceps femoris

vastus lateralis

gluteus maximus

rectus femoris

15

The anterior compartment of the thigh is involved in lower leg extension.True/False

True

16

The quadriceps femoris is composed of three "vastus" muscles and the ________.

semitendinosus

rectus femoris

semimembranosus

biceps femoris

rectus femoris

17
card image

Which muscle is represented by the letter D?

gracilis

semimembranosus

semitendinosus

biceps femoris

biceps femoris

18

Which of the following muscles is NOT a member of the hamstrings group?

semitendinosus

semimembranosus

biceps femoris

vastus intermedius

vastus intermedius

19

Paralysis of which of the following muscles would make an individual unable to flex the knee?

brachioradialis

hamstring muscles

soleus

gluteal muscles

hamstrings

20

Which of the following is not a member of the hamstrings?

semitendinosus

semimembranosus

biceps femoris

gracilis

gracilis

21

Which of the following is a hamstring muscle?

biceps femoris

vastus medialis

rectus femoris

vastus lateralis

biceps femoris

22

Which of the following muscles is involved in inversion at the ankle joint?

tibialis anterior

fibularis (peroneus) longus

extensor digitorum longus

fibularis (peroneus) tertius

tibialis anterior

23

The ________ extends the great toe.

fibularis (peroneous) tertius

extensor hallucis longus

tibialis anterior

gastrocneumius

extensor hallucis longus

24
card image

Which muscle is the prime mover of dorsiflexion?

A B C D

D tibialis anterior

25

Identify the extensor digitorum longus muscle. from the previous picture

A B C D

C

26

The soleus is a synergist of the gastrocnemius during plantar flexion.True/False

True

27

Which of the following muscles inserts to the posterior calcaneus via the calcaneal tendon?

the gastrocnemius

the tibialis anterior

the semitendinosus

the sartorius

the gastrocnemius

28

The insertion of the extensor carpi radialis longus muscle is on __________.

metacarpal one

metacarpal two

metacarpal three

metacarpal four

metacarpal 2

29

The insertion of the extensor digitorum branches into __________.

four tendons

two tendons

five tendons

three tendons

four tendons

30

The extensor hallucis longus muscle inserts on digit __________.

three

two

one

four

one

31

The anterior muscles of the thigh that originate on the os coxae are __________.

rectus femoris; vastus medialis

vastus lateralis; vastus medialis

sartorius; vastus medialis

sartorius; rectus femoris

sartorius; rectus femoris

32

The interosseous membrane is located between the __________.

radius and ulna

humerus and radius

humerus and ulna

ulna and the carpal bones of the wrist

radius and ulna

33

Which muscle of the wrist and fingers is a deep anterior flexor?

palmaris longus

flexor pollicis longus

flexor carpi ulnaris

flexor digitorum superficialis

flexor pollicis longus

34

Which superficial flexor muscle of the forearm is the most lateral?

flexor carpi ulnaris

flexor carpi radialis

flexor digitorum superficialis

palmaris longus

flexor carpi radialis

35

The palmaris longus inserts on the __________.

palmar aponeurosis

bases of the second and third metacarpals

bodies of phalanges 2-5

medial epicondyle of the humerus

palmar aponeurosis

36

Which muscle is a superficial anterior flexor muscle?

flexor digiti minimi brevis

flexor digitorum profundus

flexor pollicis longus

flexor digitorum superficialis

flexor digitorum superficialis

37

The two muscles that insert on the fifth phalanx or on the fifth metatarsal are the __________.

extensor digitorum longus and fibularis longus

fibularis longus and extensor hallucis longus

fibularis tertius and extensor hallucis longus

extensor digitorum longus and fibularis tertius

extensor digitorum longus and fibularis tertius

38

The extensor muscle that branches to form four tendons on the back of the hand is the __________.

extensor carpi radialis brevis

extensor carpi radialis longus

extensor digitorum

extensor ulnaris

extensor digitorum

39

The prime mover of wrist extension is the __________.

extensor digitorum

extensor carpi radialis longus

extensor carpi ulnaris

extensor carpi radialis brevis

extensor digitorum

40

Which of the following statements about muscles of the forearm is true?

Contraction of the pronator quadratus and the supinator results in forearm pronation.

The pronator quadratus is a two-headed muscle.

The pronator quadratus originates on the radius and inserts on the ulna.

The pronator teres originates on the medial epicondyle and inserts on the radius.

The pronator teres originates on the medial epicondyle and inserts on the radius.

41

Forearm supination is assisted by the __________.

supinator

brachioradialis

biceps brachii

triceps brachii

biceps brachii

42

The medial muscles of the hip joint that insert on the linea aspera are the __________.

pectineus, adductor magnus, and adductor longus

gracilis, adductor magnus, pectineus, and adductor longus

adductor magnus, adductor brevis, and pectineus

adductor magnus, adductor brevis, and adductor longus

adductor magnus, adductor brevis, and adductor longus

43

The muscles that extend the forearm are located __________.

laterally

anteriorly

posteriorly

medially

posteriorly

44

The two heads of the biceps brachii muscle come together distally to insert on the __________.

deltoid tuberosity

ulnar tuberosity

radial tuberosity

styloid process of the radius

radial tuberosity