Muscular endurance is the ability of the muscle to exert maximum force against resistance.
What is defined as freedom from work or responsibilities, a time that may or may not be used for physical activity?
Increased cognitive involvement in physical education usually leads to both a better understanding of the activity and better execution of skills.
What are organized, highly-structured, competitive activities in which skilled individuals participate?
What is defined as physical movement that increases the rate of energy use of the body?
What is defined as bodily movements of a rhythmical and patterned succession usually executed to the accompaniment of music?
What is considered repetitive movements by the skeletal muscles that require energy and produce health benefits?
What are amusements engaged in freely, for fun, and devoid of constraints
What term is defined as the study of human movement?
What are activities ranging from simple diversions to cooperative activities to competitions with significant outcomes governed by rules?
Sportsmanship, discipline, self-confidence, and stress management are desirable affective outcomes of physical education, exercise science, and sport programs.
What is defined as the absence of disease or illness; a positive state of physiological function that includes physical fitness and the five dimensions of wellness?
What refreshes or renews one’s strength and spirit after work; a diversion that occurs during leisure hours?
Health, athletic training, and sport management are allied in purpose and objectives, although professionals in these fields have different content knowledge and application.
Humanistic education during the Renaissance reemphasized the Greek Ideal.
For these people, physical development was valued only if it met a vocational, recreational, or religious objective.
Which of the following men was an advocate of naturalistic gymnastics?
The Greek Ideal was defined as the unity of the “man of action” with the “man of wisdom.”
The favorite leisure activity for the Romans during the Roman Empire was attending the Olympic Games.
The ancient Olympic Games prohibited monetary rewards for the victors.
The British Amateur Sport Ideal advocated “playing the game for the game’s sake.”
Which of the following men was the first to implement naturalistic principles in a school?
During this period there was a rebirth of and an eagerness for learning.
These people practiced yoga, a system of meditation and regulated breathing.
None of these
Americans’ love for sports began with the development of intercollegiate athletics.
Which of the following men was a teacher of Swedish gymnastics at the Boston Normal School of Gymnastics
Which of the following men called the meeting that led to the formation of the Association for the Advancement of Physical Education?
The 1889 Boston Conference on Physical Training was important because of the exposure given to the various alternative physical education programs or gymnastics systems that were popular at that time.
Which of the following institutions offered teachers an outstanding advanced curriculum and faculty, making a certificate from it highly prestigious?
Harvard Summer School
A normal school is a teacher training institution.
Basketball was the first women’s intercollegiate event.
College faculties initially organized men’s intercollegiate athletics.
Where were German Turner gymnastics first introduced in the United States?
Round Hill School
Which of the following men introduced Swedish gymnastics as a systematic program in the United States?
Who wrote The New Physical Education, which provided the philosophical foundation for school programs in the twentieth century?
Thomas Wood and Rosalind Cassidy
Women physical educators in the early 1900s favored sports competition for college women.
Which of the following provides an educational approach to fitness that can help motivate students to be more physically active?
Who became a primary supporter of recreation and carryover (lifetime) sports?
Who was the supervisor of physical culture in the Detroit public schools?
The National Collegiate Athletic Association was founded as a direct result of football injuries and deaths.
Who designed the YMCA triangle, emblematic of the all-around man?
The Amateur Sports Act, passed in 1978, required that each Olympic sport have its own (single-sport) governing body relative to Olympic team selection.
Who stressed the development of physical fitness and sports skills as the primary objectives of physical education?
According to federal legislation, equal opportunities are required for girls and boys in schools relative to curricular and extracurricular activities.
Sports participation by senior citizens will decrease in the coming years due to the associated health risks.
Technological advances will not affect physical education, exercise science, and sport programs in the future.
There will be greater emphasis on translating research into practice in which programs?
Exercise Science Programs
Content standards, performance assessment, and accountability will characterize which programs?
Professionals in careers in exercise science need to provide quality programs in specialized settings to prove that a higher degree of competence is needed to fulfill the responsibilities of these careers than may currently be the case.
Leaders should have integrity, live according to a moral purpose, build relationships with people, communicate effectively, be visionary and creative, establish, maintain, and model high standards of performance, show an unwavering resolve and calm determination, and be energetic.
Which programs need to provide opportunities for all skill and ability levels?
Physical educators have always taken a leading role in promoting Americans’ participation in sports and activities.
Physical education continues to enjoy wide acceptance as the appropriate identifying term for the various programs and careers that involve movement, play, sport, recreation, athletics, and other forms of physical activity.
Professionals in physical education, exercise science, and sport careers are accountable for the quality of their programs as well as responsible for promoting the importance of what they do.
An academic discipline by definition must practically apply its body of knowledge.
Which of the exercise and sport sciences would include the study of sport marketing, sport finance, and legal aspects of sport?
Individuals in this exercise and sport science use both descriptive and interpretive research.
Technology has little application to and use in physical education, exercise science, and sport.
Sport biomechanists use treatment modalities such as ultrasound, whirlpool, and ice massage.
Researchers in this exercise and sport science study information processing, types of feedback, and methods of practice.
Monitoring of oxygen uptake and exhalation of carbon dioxide, measuring heart rate and function, and analyzing the chemical activities of the body during exercise are examples of research in this exercise and sport science.
Which of the exercise and sport sciences includes the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of sport injuries?
A sport psychologist may use biofeedback to help athletes relax or control their arousal levels.
The body of knowledge for exercise physiology is built upon an understanding of the anatomical and physiological bases of human movement.
The American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance sponsors an annual convention and, through its national associations, non-convention workshops and other opportunities for professional enrichment and growth.
One illustration of professional involvement would be joining a professional organization, reading its journals and attending its conferences.
The American Association for Physical Activity and Recreation promotes active lifestyles of individuals of all ages.
Professional organizations publish journals that disseminate research findings and information that can enhance the learning of individuals in the field.
One characteristic of effective teaching is to use practice time effectively and efficiently.
All high school coaches must have degrees in physical education.
In which of the following specializations would a student prepare for a career in corporate fitness?
The characteristics of a profession and a discipline are the same.
Licensure requirements for physical education teachers are the same throughout the nation.
Since the early 1970s, several specialized organizations have been established in the exercise and sport sciences.
For this career, a person needs skills in asking question, the desire to talk with people, the ability to listen, and the willingness to work under the pressure of deadlines?
Sport management degrees provide important preparation for administering golf courses, bowling lanes, gymnastics schools, tennis camps, and swimming centers.
What career specializes in working with students with disabling conditions?
Adapted Physical Education
Professionals in this career help prevent, treat, and rehabilitate injuries.
Social skills, sales ability, and sports expertise are important credentials for careers in health and fitness clubs.
An important criterion for continuation in a job is your level of personal fulfillment and satisfaction.
Opportunities to teach sport skills exist in schools, youth sport programs, public and private health, fitness, and sport clubs, and colleges.
In which of the following careers do professionals help athletes develop their bodies and achieve their athletic potential?
Strength and Conditioning Coaching
This career requires a doctor’s degree and research productivity for tenure.
University teaching in one of the exercise and sport sciences
It is illegal for physical educators to teach classes in the public schools outside their major field.
Which of the following was not a purpose or program emphasis for Swedish gymnastics?
All the above were emphasized
Which of the following men developed German school gymnastics?
Which of the following men developed Danish school gymnastics?
The contribution of Great Britain to today’s American physical education programs today was formal gymnastics.
Upper-class boys in this civilization were educated at two schools that stressed the importance of all-around development.
The singular focus for Romans during the Republic was serving the state in battle.
Native Americans borrowed their ball games from European immigrants.
Which of the following men was a professor of hygiene and physical education at Amherst College?
Which of the following people taught the new physical educators at Oberlin College?
Playgrounds in the late 1800s were often established for assimilation and social control.
What was the initial purpose of the Young Men’s Christian Association’s Training School?
Develop the all-around man and to send him out as a physical director
Which of the following people was a leader in anthropometrics, teacher education, and physical education?
Lacrosse, footraces, bowling, and baseball were among the popular sporting pastimes of early residents of the colony that became Virginia.
Which organization largely controlled amateur sports outside the colleges in the United States during the 1900s?
Amateur Athletics Union
The Kraus-Weber Minimal Muscular Fitness Test showed American children superior to European children on six fitness items.
Who stressed educational values, social education, and education through the physical?
Jesse Williams and Charles McCloy advocated for the attainment of educational objectives as physical education’s primary objective.
Government agencies will increasingly support research for specialists in which programs?
Exercise Science Programs
Consumers will become more discriminating in purchases from which programs?
In which program will non-traditional sports and activities will continue to attract new enthusiasts of all ages?
In which program is drug abuse is likely to increase at all levels.
Planning and promoting special events for National Employee Health and Fitness Day in May is an example of public relations.
Seeking an understanding of why people play is important to this exercise and sport science.
Methods of practice, such as whole or part and physical or mental, are often studied by the sport sociologist.
Study in the exercise and sport sciences helps prepare graduates to conduct research in various aspects of human movement.
Because dietary factors often affect physical performances, some exercise physiologists conduct research relative to nutritional factors
Applied sport psychology focuses on using and understanding psychological theories and techniques to help athletes improve their performances.
Which of the following would require a certification for employment in this career?
The National Association for Girls and Women in Sport advocates for equity and leadership opportunities for females.
Pedagogy is the art and science of teaching and the study of theories and application of teaching methods
Which of the following criteria is not essential for a field of study or work to be classified as a profession?
Professionals must hold graduate degrees
Career opportunities in physical education, exercise science, and sport are limited.
Which of these is not a provider of careers in leisure services?
A need exists for physical education, exercise science, and sport professionals trained to provide recreational and leisure activities for senior citizens.
Which of the following is not an example of sport marketing?
Research and design of improved equipment and facilities
Individuals with degrees in sport management find jobs in professional and college sports programs, recreation departments, corporate fitness centers, and commercial sports businesses.