Activity 3: Identifying the Systemic Veins and Major Systemic Veins of the Body

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1

Arteries are generally located deep. How are veins generally located?

Superficially

2

Major systemic arteries branch off of what artery?

Aorta

3

The veins tend to converge on what 2 major veins?

Superior and inferior venae cavae

4

The superior and inferior venae cavae enter which chamber of the heart?

Right atrium

5

Veins draining the head and upper extremities empty into which vein?

Superior vena cava

6

Veins draining the lower body empty into which vein?

Inferior vena cava

7

Which is longer, superior or inferior venae cavae?

Inferior vena cava

8

The inferior vena cava returns blood to the heart from all body regions below which organ?

Diaphragm

9

The inferior vena cava begins in the lower abdominal region with the union of what 2 veins?

1. Right common iliac vein

2. Left common iliac vein

10

The right and left common iliac veins drain venous blood from what 2 areas?

1. Legs

2. Pelvis

11

Each common iliac vein is formed by the union of what 2 veins?

1. Internal iliac vein

2. External iliac vein

12

The internal iliac vein drains what body part?

Pelvis

13

The external iliac vein drains what limbs?

Lower limbs

14

What 2 veins are found in the leg?

1. Anterior tibial vein

2. Posterior tibial vein

15

The anterior and posterior tibial veins drain which 2 body parts?

1. Calf

2. Foot

16

The anterior tibial vein continues downward into what vein?

Dorsalis pedis vein

17

The posterior tibial veins joins what vein in the calf?

Fibular vein

18

The posterior tibial vein and anterior tibial vein join at the knee to form what vein?

Popliteal vein

19

The popliteal vein becomes what vein in the thigh?

Femoral vein

20

The femoral vein becomes what vein in the inguinal region?

External iliac vein

21

What is the longest vein in the body?

Great saphenous vein

22

The great and small saphenous veins both branch off from what arch?

Dorsal venous arch

23

The great saphenous vein is located medially or laterally?

Medially

24

The great saphenous vein eventually goes up to the thigh and empties into which vein?

Femoral vein

25

The small saphenous vein is located medially or laterally?

Laterally

26

The small saphenous vein drains which muscle?

Calf muscle

27

The small saphenous vein empties into which vein at the knee?

Popliteal vein

28

In the abdominal cavity, the inferior vena cava receives blood from what wall?

Posterior abdominal wall

29

The paired renal veins drains drain what organs?

Kidneys

30

Which veins drains the liver? (Hint: *veins* but only one set)

The hepatic veins

31

Which vein carries blood to the liver to be processed before it enters the systemic venous system?

Hepatic portal vein

32

The hepatic veins drain into which vein?

Hepatic portal vein

33

What 2 veins unite to form the superior vena cava?

1. Right brachiocephalic vein

2. Left brachiocephalic vein

34

The right and left brachiocephalic veins drain what 3 body parts?

1. Head

2. Neck

3. Upper extremities

35

How many branches are there for each brachiocephalic vein?

3

36

What are the 3 branches of each brachiocephalic vein?

1. Internal jugular vein

2. Vertebral vein

3. Subclavian vein

37

The internal jugular vein drains drain what sinuses? (Hint: one specific sinus and a group of sinuses)

Drain the superior sagittal sinus and other dural venous sinuses

38

The vertebral vein drains what aspect of the head (directionally) and 2 body parts?

Drains posterior aspect of the head, including the cervical vertebrae and spinal cord

39

The subclavian veins drain what general area? (Hint: extremity)

Upper extremity

40

The external jugular vein joins what vein near its origin?

Subclavian vein

41

The external jugular vein returns blood from what tissues of what 2 body regions?

Superficial tissues of the head and neck

42

When the subclavian vein crosses the axilla, what vein does it become?

Axillary vein

43

As the subclavian vein continues further down and courses the posterior aspect of the humerus, it becomes what vein?

Brachial vein

44

The brachial vein is formed by the union of what 2 veins?

1. Radial vein

2. Ulnar vein

45

Which vein drains the arm superficially?

Cephalic vein

46

The cephalic vein empties into which vein?

Axillary vein

47

What vein is found on the medial aspect of the arm?

Basilic vein

48

Which vein runs between the cephalic and basilic veins in the anterior aspect of the elbow?

Median cubital vein

49

What vein is the choice vein for removing blood for testing purposes?

Median cubital vein

50

What 2 veins are found in the hands?

1. Superficial palmar venous arch

2. Digital veins

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