Quiz 7

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created 4 years ago by alexoneil
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The Psychology Book
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1

When Carla was a child, she ate too much cotton candy at the fair and got very sick. For many years she avoided cotton candy and even the smell of it made her feel sick. This example demonstrates:

Taste aversion

2

If Jack confiscates his son Joshua’s video game console to stop him from misbehaving, what technique is Jack using to modify Joshua’s behavior?

negative punishment.

3

Which is the correct order of the four parts of learning theorized by Bandura?

attention, retention, initiation, motivation

4

Effects that increase behaviors are __________;
effects that decrease them are ____________.

Reinforcers; punishers

5

In classical conditioning the unconditioned response is:

The biological response triggered by the unconditioned stimulus

6

Kelly is grounded by her father, until she sits down and completes an important homework assignment. Which technique has her father used to try to alter her behavior?

Negative reinforcement

7

Social Learning Theory requires ___________ in order for learning to take place.

Social models

8

In a “Skinner box” experiments with rats the rats can learn:

To press a lever when reinforced with a food pellet

9

In which of these scenarios has extinction occurred?

Connor has quit smoking and no longer feels excited when he sees a cigarette.

10

The technical definition of a reinforcer is:

Any consequence of a behavior that strengthens the behavior or increases the likelihood that it will be performed again

11

In Pavlov’s experiments, what type of stimulus was the bell, generally?

Conditioned

12

In classical conditioning, the response is _____­___ by a stimulus that comes ________it.

Elicited; before

13

If a tone is sometimes preceded by a light, and always followed by a shock, an animal will likely learn to fear:

The tone, but not the light

14

Ronaldo’s dog, Mickey, used to be classically conditioned to bark every time he heard the doorbell because he knew people would be arriving and he wanted to say hello. While Mickey’s owner did a good job of extinguishing Mickey’s association of these stimuli, a doorbell can still sometimes evoke some responding again of Mickey barking. It is likely that Mikey is showing what aspect of conditioning?

Spontaneous recovery

15

Kurt’s mom was so upset when she overheard him swearing that she made him clean his room! This is an example of:

Positive punishment