AP Biology Chapter 49

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1

) Which of the following is correct about the telencephalon region of the brain?
A) It develops as the neural tube differentiates.
B) It develops from the midbrain.
C) It is the brain region most like that of ancestral vertebrates.
D) It gives rise to the cerebrum.
E) It divides further into the metencephalon and myelencephalon.

D

2

What controls the heart rate?
A) neocortex
B) medulla
C) thalamus
D) pituitary
E) cerebellum

B

3

Which area of the brain is most intimately associated with the unconscious control of
respiration and circulation?
A) thalamus
B) cerebellum
C) medulla
D) corpus callosum
E) cerebrum

C

4

) Which selection is incorrectly paired?
A) forebraindiencephalon
B) forebraincerebrum
C) midbrainbrainstem
D) midbraincerebellum
E) brainstempons

D

5

Which of the following produces hormones that are secreted by the pituitary gland?
A) cerebrum
B) cerebellum
C) thalamus
D) hypothalamus
E) medulla oblongata

D

6

Which of the following coordinates muscle actions?
A) cerebrum
B) cerebellum
C) thalamus
D) hypothalamus
E) medulla oblongata

B

7

Which of the following regulates body temperature?
A) cerebrum
B) cerebellum
C) thalamus
D) hypothalamus
E) medulla oblongata

D

8

) Which of the following contains regulatory centers for the respiratory and circulatory
systems?
A) cerebrum
B) cerebellum
C) thalamus
D) hypothalamus
E) medulla oblongata

E

9

Which of the following contains regions that help regulate hunger and thirst?
A) cerebrum
B) cerebellum
C) thalamus
D) hypothalamus
E) medulla oblongata

D

10

Which processes in animals are regulated by circadian rhythms?
A) sleep cycles
B) hormone release
C) sex drive
D) A and B only
E) A, B, and C

E

11

) By comparing the size and degree of convolution of various vertebrate cerebral cortices,
biologists would gain insight into the relative
A) size of the brain centers of taxonomic groups.
B) emotions and learning capabilities of vertebrate classes.
C) motor impulse complexities.
D) sophistication of behaviors.
E) sensory stimuli that regulate motor impulses.

D

12

The motor cortex is part of which part of the nervous system?
A) cerebrum
B) cerebellum
C) spinal cord
D) midbrain
E) medulla

A

13

) Melatonin is a hormone produced in the pineal gland. It can be used to treat symptoms of
sleep disorders and seasonal affective disorder because
A) it is normally produced only in the light.
B) it increases production of serotonin.
C) it increases production of tryptophan.
D) its peak production is normally at night.
E) it activates the brainstem.

D

14

Suprachiasmatic nuclei are found in which structure?
A) thalamus
B) hypothalamus
C) epithalamus
D) amygdala
E) Brocaʹs area

B

15

Cerebral palsy, which disrupts motor messages from brain to muscle, is usually due to
damage of
A) the cerebellum.
B) basal nuclei of gray matter.
C) basal nuclei of white matter.
D) the corpus callosum.
E) the neocortex.

C

16

Since in mammals, advanced cognition is usually correlated with a large and very
convoluted neocortex, how can birds, which have no such structure, be capable of
sophisticated processing?
A) They have a more advanced cerebellum.
B) They have a pallium with several flat layers.
C) They have a pallium with neurons clustered into nuclei.
D) They have microvilli to increase the brainʹs surface area.

C

17

Wakefulness is regulated by the reticular formation, which is present in the
A) basal nuclei.
B) cerebral cortex.
C) brainstem.
D) limbic system.
E) spinal cord.

C

18

) Which of the following structures or regions is incorrectly paired with its function?
A) limbic systemmotor control of speech
B) medulla oblongatahomeostatic control
C) cerebellumcoordination of movement and balance
D) corpus callosumcommunication between the left and right cerebral cortices
E) hypothalamusregulation of temperature, hunger, and thirst

A

19

) What is the neocortex?
A) a primitive brain region that is common to reptiles and mammals
B) a region deep in the cortex that is associated with the formation of emotional
memories
C) a central part of the cortex that receives olfactory information
D) an additional outer layer of neurons in the cerebral cortex that is unique to mammals
E) an association area of the frontal lobe that is involved in higher cognitive functions

D

20

Patients with damage to Wernickeʹs area have difficulty
A) coordinating limb movement.
B) generating speech.
C) recognizing faces.
D) understanding language.
E) experiencing emotion.

D

21

The sympathetic division of the autonomic portion of the PNS does all of the following
except
A) relaxing bronchi in lungs.
B) inhibiting bladder emptying.
C) stimulating glucose release.
D) accelerating heart rate.
E) stimulating the salivary glands.

E

22

The cerebral cortex plays a major role in all of the following except
A) short-term memory.
B) long-term memory.
C) circadian rhythm.
D) foot-tapping rhythm.
E) breath holding.

C