Chapter 4 Flashcards


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1

The correct order of events in tissue repair, from first to last, is ________.

inflammation, organization, and regeneration

2

Groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a common or related function form a(n) ________.

tissue

3

Which of the following increases the surface area of certain epithelial tissues?

microvilli

4

Connective tissue matrix is composed of ________.

fibers and ground substance

5

Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue.

Its primary function is nutrient storage.

6

Which type of gland produces hormones?

endocrine glands

7

The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________.

elastic cartilage

8

What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels?

osseous tissue

9

Tendons and ligaments are composed mainly of dense irregular connective tissue.

False

10

Which tissue repair process results in the formation of scar tissue?

fibrosis

11

Which tissue type is responsible for regulating and controlling body functions?

nervous tissue

12

Intercalated discs and striations are found in skeletal muscle.

False

13

What are the three main components of connective tissue?

ground substance, fibers, and cells

14

Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as ________.

endocrine

15

The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength, which allows them to absorb shock, is because they possess ________.

collagen fibers

16

Which tissue is correctly paired with its primary cell type?

bone: osteoblast

17

Which of the following is not a step in tissue repair?

Formation of new stem cells

18

Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.

embryonic

19

Which tissue type consists of a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body cavity?

epithelial tissue

20

Which type of membrane is a dry membrane exposed to the air?

cutaneous membrane

21

Exocrine glands ________.

secrete substances onto body surfaces

22

Epithelial tissues always exhibit apica-basal polarity; meaning that cell regions near the apical surface differ from those near the basal surface.

True

23

Which tissues have little to no functional regenerative capacity?

cardiac muscle and nervous tissue in the brain and spinal cord

24

Nervous tissue consists mainly of neurons and collagen fibers.

False

25

Which of the following is NOT a role of connective tissue?

absorption