Skeletal system lecture exam

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1

This is a structure of a long bone that stores energy.

Marrow

2

This is the region of a long bone that articulates with other bones.

Epiphysis

3

This is the shaft of a long bone.

Diaphysis

4

This is a layer of hyaline cartilage that reduces friction between bones involved in the joint.

Articular cartilage

5

This is a layer of hyaline cartilage that allows the Diaphysis to grow in length.

Epiphyseal plate

6

This is a lining found in bone that promotes bone growth in width.

Periosteum

7

These are considered bone-dissolving cells.

Osteoclast

8

Which of the following structures contains osteocytes?

Lacunae

9

These are considered bone-building cells.

Osteoblasts

10

These are extensions of the lacunae and are filled with extracellular fluid.

Canaliculi

11

Osteons in compact bone tissue are aligned along

Lines of stress

12

The correct sequence of processes that occur during bone elongation at the epiphyseal plate are: RPHCO

Resting, proliferation, hypertophication, calciifcation, ossification

13

During adulthood, what contributes to bone remodeling and growth?

Calcium, Vitamin D, sex hormones, human growth hormone

14

This type of fracture is considered a partial fracture and is usually seen in children.

Greenstick

15
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1. Where in the diagram is the distal epiphysis?

2. Where in the diagram can you find the medullary cavity?

3. Where in the diagram can you find red bone marrow in an adult?

4. Where in the diagram is the metaphysis?

5. Where in the diagram is the only place not to have a periosteum?

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1. D

2. C

3. A and B

4. B

5. E

16
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1. In the diagram, where is the Haversian canal?

2. In the diagram, where is the Volkman's canal?

3. In the diagram, where is the osteon?

4. In the diagram, where is the trabeculae?

card image

1. E

2. F

3. C.

4. B

17

The branch of medicine that deals with correction of disorders of the musculoskeletal system is called

Orthopedics

18

How many bones are found in the adult human skeleton?

206

19

What is axial skeleton?

This includes the skull bones, the ossicles of the middle ear, the hyoid bone, the rib cage, sternum and the vertebral column.

20

Which type of bone is the femur

A long bone

21

Which type of bone is the occipital?

A flat bone

22

This is a bone located within ankles or wrists

A short bone

23

Bones in the following area protect the brain.

The cranium

24

These projections on either side of the foramen magnum articulate with depressions on the first cervical vertebrae.

Occipital condyles

25

Joe was found dead. His hyoid bone was broken. What was most likely cause of death?

Strangulation

26

Know the facial bones

  • Inferior nasal concha (2)
  • Lacrimal bones (2)
  • Mandible.
  • Maxilla (2)
  • Nasal bones (2)
  • Palatine bones (2)
  • Vomer.
  • Zygomatic bones (2)
27

Which of the following bones is not visible from the anterior view of the skull?

Occipital

28

This facial bone articulates with teeth

Maxillae and Mandible

29

What is the junction between the manubrium and the body of the sternum called?

Sternal angle

30

What is the purpose of the nucleus pulposus

To absorb vertical shock

31

The curves of the vertebrae include

Thoracic curve, sacral curve, lumbar curve, cervical curve

32
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1. Where is the mental foramen in the diagram?

2. Where is the mandibular notch in the diagram?

3. Where is the coronoid process in the diagram?

1. C

2. B

3. F

33
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1. Where is the inferior articular process in the diagram?

2. In the diagram, where is lamina of the vertebral arch?

3. Where is the spinous process in the diagram?

1. F

2. B

3. D

34
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1. Where is the superior vertebral notch?

2. Where is the facet for articular part of the tubercle of the rib?

3. Where is the pedicle?

4. Where is the superior demifacet?

5. Where is the lamina?

card image

1. F

2. C

3. I

4. G

5.

35

The lateral malleolus is found on the distal end of what bone?

Fibula

36

Which is not found in the foot?

Pollex

37

Which is not a tarsal bone?

Capitate

38

This is a bone that develops in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle.

Patella

39

This is the largest foramen in the skeleton

Obturator foramen

40

Which is found in the elbow?

Olecranon, Coranoid process, radial head, capitulum, trochlea, olecranon process,

41

What is found in the glenoid cavity?

Head of the humerus

42

The female pelvis is

Wider, shallower, larger in the pelvic inlet, and larger in the pelvic outlet

43

This is the anterior bone that articulates with the manubrium of the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint.

Clavicle

44

This bone's shape comes from the medial half of the bone being convex anteriorly and the lateral half is concave anteriorly.

Clavicle