Urinary System Pretest Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 6 years ago by Sinasenio
2,550 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:

1

The mechanism that establishes the medullary osmotic gradient depends most on the permeability properties of the ________

nephron loop

2

Which of the following is not associated with the renal corpuscle?

a vasa recta

3

An increase in the permeability of the cells of the collecting tubule to water is due to a(n) ________

increased production of ADH

4

The urinary bladder is composed of ________ epithelium.

transitional

5

The kidneys are stimulated to produce renin ________.

by a decrease in blood pressure

6

Which of the choices below is not a function of the urinary system

a. eliminates solid, undigested wastes and excretes carbon dioxide, water, salts, and heat

7

The ________ artery lies on the boundary between the cortex and medulla of the kidney.

arcuate

8

The glomerulus differs from other capillaries in the body in that it ________

is drained by an efferent arteriole

9

The descending limb of the nephron loop ________.

contains fluid that becomes more concentrated as it moves down into the medulla

10

Select the correct statement about the ureters

The ureters are capable of peristalsis like that of the gastrointestinal tract.

11

The fatty tissue surrounding the kidneys is important because it ________.

stabilizes the position of the kidneys by holding them in their normal position

12

The renal corpuscle is made up of ________.

Bowman's capsule and glomerulus

13

The functional and structural unit of the kidneys is the ________.

nephron

14

Which of the following does not describe the justaglomerular complex?

Its macula densa cells produce aldosterone.

15

The chief force pushing water and solutes out of the blood across the filtration membrane is ________.

glomerular hydrostatic pressure (glomerular blood pressure)

16

Which of the following acts as the trigger for the initiation of micturition (voiding)?

the stretching of the bladder wall

17

The filtration membrane includes all except ________.

renal fascia

18

The mechanism of water reabsorption by the renal tubules is ________.

osmosis

19

Most electrolyte reabsorption by the renal tubules is ________.

hormonally controlled in distal tubule segments

20

The macula densa cells respond to ________.

changes in solute content of the filtrate

21

Which of the following is not reabsorbed by the proximal convoluted tubule?

creatnine

22

The fluid in the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule is similar to plasma except that it does not contain a significant amount of ________.

plasma protein

23

Alcohol acts as a diuretic because it ________.

inhibits a release of ADH

24

The function of angiotensin II is to ________.

constrict arterioles and increase blood pressure

25

A disease caused by inadequate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) by the pituitary gland with symptoms of polyuria is ________.

diabetes insipidus