Chapter 38: Practice Test

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Campbell Biology
Chapter 38
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1

Where does meiosis occur in flowering plants?

megasporocyte and microsporoctye

2

The embryo of a grass seed is enclosed by two protective sheaths, a(n) _____, which covers the young shoot, and a(n) ____, which covers the young root

coleoptile; coleorhiza

3

For this pair of items: choose the option that best describes their relationship:

A) the number of cells within the embryo sac

B) the number of nuclei within the embryo sac

Item A is less than item B

4

Carpellate flowers

develop into fruits

5

The development of Bt crops raises concerns because

if genes for Bt toxin "escape" to related weed species, the hybrid weeds could have harmful ecological effects

6

A fruit includes

one or more seeds and the ovary wall

7

A seed develops into

an ovule

8

Which of the following events suggests there is a change in the egg cell membrane after penetration by a sperm?

CA2+ builds up in the cytoplasm of the egg

9

Which of the following is the correct sequence during the alternation of generations life cycle in a flowering plant?

sporophtye - meiosis - gameophyte - gametes - fertilization - diploid zygote

10

Biofuels are mainly produced by

the breakdown of cell wall bipolymers into sugars that can be fermented

11

Which of the following is the correct order of floral organs from the outside to the inside of a complete flower

sepals - petals - stamens - carpels

12

Garden beans and many other eudicots have hypocotyls hook during germination. Which of the following is a false statement concerning the hypocotyl hook?

it is the first structure to emerge from a eudicot seed

13

What is the function of the integument of an ovule?

form a seed coat

14

Sources of genetic variability in an asexually propagated species may involve all of the following processes except

hypbridization

15

Which of the following statements about fruits is false?

fruits form from microsporangia and integuments

16

In which of the following pairs are the two terms equivalent?

embryo sac - female gametophyte

17

At the conclusion of meiosis in plants the end products are always four haploid

spores

18

For this pair of items: choose the option that best describes their relationship:

A) the amount of fumonisin in processed maize products

B) the amount of fumonisin in processed Bt maize products

Item A is less than item B

19

Which of the following is the correct sequence of events in a pollen sac?

microsporocyte - meiosis - microspores - mitosis - two haploid cells per pollen grain

20

Which of the following statements regarding the endosperm is false?

it develops from the fertilized egg

21

A perfect flower is fertile, but may be either complete or incomplete. Which of the following correctly describes a perfect flower?

it has both stamens and carpels

22

A disadvantage of monoculture is that

genetic uniformity makes a crop vulnerable to a new pest or disease

23

All of the following are primary functions of flowers except

photosynthesis

24

All of the following are commercial uses of transgenic crops except

the embryo consists of diploid cells derived from fertilization of a haploid egg by a haploid sperm

25

All of the following could be considered advantages of asexual reproduction in plants except

adaptation to charge

26

"Golden Rice" is a trangenic variety that

contains daffodil genes that increase vitamin A content

27

Which of the following statements is correct about protoplast fusion?

it can be used to form new plant species

28

Regardless of where in the world a vineyard is located, in order for the winery to produce a Burgundy, it must use varietal grapes that originated in Burgundy, France. The most effective way for a new California grower to plant a vineyard to produce Burgundy is to

craft varietal Burgundy plants from France

29

Based on studies of plant evolution, which flower part is not a modified leaf?

receptacle

30

Currently available transgenic plants have been modified for all of the following traits except

nitrogen fixation

31

Where and by which process are sperm cells formed in plants?

mitosis in male gemetophyte pollen tube

32

What is the first step in the germination of a seed?

imbibition of water

33

For this pair of items: choose the option that best describes their relationship:

A) the pliody of the angiosperm seed endosperm

B) the pliody of the angiosperm seed

Item A is greater than item B

34

All of the following are commercial uses for transgenic crops except

producing plants that contain genes for making human insulin

35

For this pair of items: choose the option that best describes their relationship:

A) the GABA levels in pop2 mutant Arabidopsis flowers

B) the GABA levels in wild-type mutant Arabidopsis flowers

Item A is greater than item B

36

As flowers develop, which transition does not occur?

the tube nucleus becomes a sperm nucleus

37

Which of these is incorrectly paired with its life-cycle generation?

anther - gameotophyte

38

Which of the following is not an advantage of an extended gametophyte generation in plants?

endosperm forms a protective seed coat

39

Genetic incompatibility does not affect the

attraction of a suitable insect pollinator

40

Which of the following is a true statement about clonal reproduction in plants?

making cuttings of ornamental plants is a form of fragmentation

41

Which of the following is not a scientific concern relating to creating genetically modified crops?

the monetary costs of growing genetically modified plants are significantly greater than traditional breeding techniques

42

Which of the following would be considered to be a multiple fruit?

pineapple

43

Three mitotic divisions within the female gametophyte of the megaspore produce

three antipodal cells, two polar nuclei, one egg, and two synergids

44

Which of the following are true of most angiosperms?

a triploid endosperm within the seed and an ovary that becomes a fruit

45

Plant biotechnologists use protoplast fusion mainly

produce new hybrid species

46

What is technically the result of double fertilization in an angiosperms?

both a diploid embryo and triploid endosperm are formed

47

Location of the microsporangia

stamen

48

The male wasp Campsocoliat ciliata transfers pollen from one orchid to another orchid of the same species. What "reward" does the male wasp receive from the orchid plants for helping with the orchid pollination?

there is no reward; the male wasp is deceived by the flower shape and odor

49

Which of the following statements regarding flowering plants is false?

female gametophytes develop from megaspores within the anthers

50

Under which conditions would asexual plants have the greatest advantage over sexual plants?

relatively constant environment with infrequent disturbances

51

Which of the following is true in plants?

mitosis occurs in gametophytes to produce gametes, the gametophyte is within the flower in angiosperms, and meiosis occurs in sporophytes to produce spores

52

In flowering plants, pollen is released from the

anther

53

For this pair of items: choose the option that best describes their relationship:

A) the percentage of dandelion plants that produce seeds by apomixis

B) the percentage of creosote bushes that produce seeds by apomixis

Item A is greater than item B

54

A fruit is a(an)

mature ovary

55

In the life cycle of angiosperm, which of the following stages is diploid?

microsporocyte

56

Which of the following is a correct sequence of processes that takes place when a flowering plant reproduces?

meiosis - pollination - nuclear fusion - formation of embryo and endosperm

57

Some dioecious species have XY genotype for male and XX for female. After double fertilization, what would be the genotypes of the endosperm nuclei and embryos?

embryo XX and endosperm XXX or embryo XY and endosperm XXY

58

In flowering plants, a mature male gametophyte contains

two sperm nuclei and one tube cell nucleus

59

All of the following floral parts are directly involved in pollination or fertilization except the

sepals

60

Which of the following types of plants is not able to self-pollinate?

dioecious

61

Which of the following occurs in an angiosperm ovule?

a megaspore mother cell undergoes meiosis

62

Which of the following is the male gametophyte of a flowering plant?

pollen grain

63

Which of the following is true about vegetative reproduction?

it produces clones

64

What is the first organ to emerge from a germinating eduicot seed?

radicle

65

Fruits develop from

ovaries

66

Double fertilization means that

one sperm is needed to fertilize the egg, and a second sperm is needed to fertilize the polar nuclei

67

Which of the following "vegetables" is botanically a fruit?

green beans

68

Location of the ovary

carpel

69

What is the difference between pollination and fertilization in flowering plants?

pollination is the transfer of pollen from an anther to a stigma. fertilization is the fusion from a haploid nuclei

70

The basal cell formed from the first division of a plant zygote will eventually develop into

the suspensor that anchors the embryo and transfers nutrients

71

What effects would occur in a mutant of Arabidopsis that cannot synthesize GABA within its flowers?

pollen tube growth would not be directed toward the egg, and fertilization would not occur

72

A plant that has small, green petals is most likely to be

wind-pollinated

73

Which of the following statements is true of protoplast fusion?

it can be used to form new plant varieties by combining genomes from two plants

74

Recent research has shown that pollination requires that carpels recognize pollen grains as "self or nonself." For self-incompatibility, the system requires

the rejection of self cells

75

In angiosperm seed development what does the terminal cell become?

proembryo

76

Which of the following statements is correct about the basal cell in a zygote?

it forms the suspensor that anchors the embryo

77

All of the following strategies pursued with the goal of preventing transgene escape from genetically modified crops except

hybridize transgenic crop genes with related wild weeds

78

Meiosis occurs within all of the following flower parts except the

style

79

In plants, which of the following could be an advantage of sexual reproduction as opposed to sexual reproductive?

genetic variation

80

You are studying a plant from the Amazon that shows strong self-incompatibility. To characterize this reproductive mechanism, you would look for

ribonuclease (RNAase) activity in stigma cells

81

In some angiosperms, other floral parts contribute to what is commonly called the fruit. Which of the following fruits is derived mostly from an enlarged receptacle?

apple

82

The most immediate potential benefits of introducing genetically modified crops include

increasing crop yeild