Photosynthesis Review Flashcards


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1

The organic Molecule produced directly by photosynthesis is

Sugar

2

The photosynthetic process removes _____ from the environment

Carbon Dioxide

3

The process of splitting water to release hydrogen's and electrons occurs during the ____ Process.

Light Dependent

4

The process of fixing carbon dioxide into carbohydrates occurs in the _____ Process

Light Independent

5

Carbon Dioxide enters the leaf through _______.

Stomata

6

The cellular transport process by which carbon dioxide enters a leaf (and by which water vapor and oxygen exit) is______.

Active Transport

7

Which is not an Autotroph? A cactus? A Cyanobacteria? A fish? A Palm Tree? or A phytoplankton?

A fish

8

The process by which most of the world's autotrophs make their food is known as_______

Photosynthesis

9

The process of _______ is how ADP+P are converted into ATP during the light dependent process.

Chemiosmosis

10

Once ATP is converted into ADP+P it must be _______.

Recharged by chemiosmosis

11

Generally speaking, the longer the wavelength of light, the ______ the available energy of that light.

Smaller

12

The section of the electromagnetic spectrum used for photosynthesis is _____.

Visible Light

13

The colors of light in the visible range (from longest wavelength to shortest) is _____.

ROYGBIV

14

The photosynthetic pigment that is essential for the process to occur is_____.

Chlorophyll.

15

When pigment reflects red light, ______.

Red light is reflected, all others are absorbed.

16

Chlorophyll a absorbs light energy in the ______ color range.

Red-Orange/ Blue Violet

17

A photosystem is_____.

A collection of photosynthetic pigments arranged in a thylakoid membrane.

18

The individual flattened stacks of membrane material inside the chloroplasts are known as______.

Thylakoids

19

The fluid-filled area of the chloroplast is the ____.

Stroma

20

Light of the green wavelengths is commonly absorbed by which accessory pigment?

Beta carotene

21

The function of the electron transport proteins in the thylakoid membranes is____.

Pumping of hydrogens into the thylakoid space for later generation of ATP by chemiosmosis

22

ATP is known as the energy currency of the cell because _____.

ATP is the most readily usable form of energy for cells

23

Both cyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation produce ATP. We can infer that the purpose of ATP in photosynthesis is to _____.

Supply energy that can be used to form a carbohydrate.

24

The role of NADPH in oxygen-producing photosynthesis is to ______.

Supply hydrogen to the carbohydrate

25

Out of ATP, NADPH, Carbon Dioxide, RUBP, and Oxygen, which is not required in order for dark reactions to occur.

Oxygen

26

The hydrogen in the carbohydrate produced by the calvin cycle comes from _____.

NADPH

27

The carbon incorporated into the carbohydrate comes from ______.

Carbon Dioxide

28

C-4 photosynthesis is so named because____.

It produces a four carbon compound as the first stable product of photosynthesis.