Anatomy & Physiology II Lab Practical #1 Flashcards


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created 6 years ago by Emmeline_Dunckel
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updated 6 years ago by Emmeline_Dunckel
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anatomy and physiology ii lab
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1
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Pituitary Gland

2
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Pineal Gland

3
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Thyroid Gland

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Parathyroid Glands-- yellow

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Thymus

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Adrenal Gland

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Pancreas

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Gonads

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Parathyroid

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Posterior Pituitary

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Thyroid Gland

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Ovarian Follicles

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Pancreatic Islet

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Neutrophil

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Eosinophil

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Basophil

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Lymphocyte

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Monocyte

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[Function of a] Neutrophil

Phagocytize pathogens or debris

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[Function of an] Eosinophil

Kill parasitic worms, complex role in allergy and asthma

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[Function of a] Basophil

Release histamine and other mediators of inflammation

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[Function of a] Lymphocyte

Mount immune response by direct cell attack of via antibody production

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[Function of a] Monocyte

Develop into macrophages in tissues and phagocytize pathogens or debris

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[Definition of a] Tropic Hormone

A hormone that stimulates an endocrine gland to secrete its own hormone

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[Definition of] Leukocytosis

Increase in the number of white blood cells in blood, especially during infection

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[Definition of] Leucopenia

Reduction in the number of white blood cells in blood, typical of various diseases

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[Definition of] Leukemia

Uncontrolled growth of immature, abnormal (non-functional) leukocytes

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[Definition of] Polycythemia

An abnormally increased concentration of hemoglobin in the blood

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Steps of hemostasis

1. Vascular Spasm

2. Formation of platelet plug

3. Blood Clotting/ Coagulation

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[Definition of] Antigen/ Aggutinagen

Glycoproteins on outer surface of red blood cell plasma membrane that are genetically determined

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[Definition of] Antibody/ Agglutinins

Act against red blood cells carrying antigens not present on the persons own RBC

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Gross Anatomy of the Heart

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[Definiton of] Blood pressure

The pressure of blood in the circulatory system

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[Definiton of] Systolic Pressure

The pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts

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[Definiton of] Diastolic Pressure

The pressure in blood vessels when the heart is at rest (between beats)

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Units used to measure blood pressure

mmHg (millimeters of mercury)

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[Definiton of] Heart Murmur

A swishing sound (in addition to the normal lub/dub) when there is abnormal blood flow across heart valves

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[Definiton of] Sounds of Korotkoff

Characteristic sounds of resumption of blood flow to forearm when using a sphygmomanometer

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[Definiton of] Pulse Pressure

The difference between systolic and diastolic pressure (PP= S - D)

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What is the longest vein?

The great saphenous vein

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Order of Leukocytes from most numerous to least numerous

Neutrophil --> Lymphocyte --> Monocyte --> Eosinophil --> Basophil

(Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas)

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Left ventricle and atrium

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Right ventricle and atrium

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Artery

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Vein