Ate Psych: Chapter 4 Sensation and Perception Vocabulary Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 12 years ago by richzukowski
4,356 views
book cover
Ate Psych
Chapter 4
Grade levels:
9th grade, 10th grade, 11th grade, 12th grade
Subjects:
psychology
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:

1

sensation

the stimulation of sensory receptors and the transmission of sensory information to the brain

2

perception

the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information

3

absolute threshold

the smallest amount of a particular stimulus that can be detected

4

difference threshold

the minimum difference that an individual can detect between two stimuli

5

signal-detection theory

the idea that distinguishing sensory stimuli takes into account not only the strength of the stimuli but also such elements as setting and one's physical state, mood, and attitudes

6

sensory adaptation

the process by which an organism becomes more sensitive to stimuli that are low in magnitude and less sensitive to stimuli that are constant

7

pupil

the opening in the center of the eye that adjusts to allow light to enter

8

lens

the transparent structure of the eye that focuses light on the retina

9

retina

the light-sensitive inner surface of the eye that contains the rods, cones, and neurons that process visual stimuli

10

photoreceptors

neurons that respond to light

11

blind spot

the part of the retina that contains no photoreceptors

12

visual acuity

keenness or sharpness of vision

13

complementary

the colors across from each other on the color circle

14

afterimage

the visual sensation that occurs after the original stimulus has been removed

15

cochlea

the fluid-filled structure of the inner ear that transmits sound impulses to the auditory nerve

16

auditory nerve

the cranial nerve that carries sound from the cochlea of the inner ear to the brain

17

conductive deafness

hearing loss caused by damage to the middle ear, thus interfering with the transmission of sound waves to the cochlea

18

sensorineural deafness

deafness that results from damage to the auditory nerve

19

olfactory nerve

the nerve that transmits information about odors from olfactory receptors to the brain

20

gate theory

the suggestion that only a certain amount of information can be processed by the nervous system at a given time

21

vestibular sense

the sense that provides information about the position of the body

22

kinesthesis

the sense that provides information about the position and movement of the individual body parts

23

closure

the tendency to perceive a complete or whole figure even when there are gaps in sensory information

24

proximity

the perceptual tendency to group together visual and auditory events that are near each other

25

similarity

the perceptual tendency to group together elements that seem alike

26

continuity

the perceptual tendency to group stimuli into continuous patterns

27

common fate

the tendency to perceive objects that are moving together as belonging together

28

stroboscopic motion

a visual illusion in which the perception of motion is generated by the presentation of a series of stationary images in rapid succession

29

monocular cues

cues for distance that may be available to either eye alone

30

binocular cues

visual cues for depth that require the use of both eyes

31

retinal disparity

a binocular cue for perceiving depth based on the difference between the two images of an object that the retina receives as the object moves closer or farther away.