Nutrition 251: Chapter 1 Mastering Nutr

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1

Determining the types of fats people should consume to lower their risk of heart disease based on their genetic makeup is an example of what field of study?

ANSWER

  • nutritional genomics
  • epidemiological research
  • observational research
  • Human Genome Project

nutritional genomics

2

Ian is writing a research paper about the effect of caffeine on blood pressure. Where is the best place for him to look for reliable resources?

ANSWER

  • peer-reviewed journal articles
  • an Internet search
  • magazines
  • books in the library
  • peer-reviewed journal articles
3

An estimated _______ percent of American adults are overweight or obese.

ANSWER

  • 65
  • 35
  • 17
  • 15

65

4

How many calories are provided by 10 grams of carbohydrate?

ANSWER

  • 40 calories
  • 4 calories
  • 70 calories
  • 90 calories

40 calories

5

Which of the following is NOT an overarching goal of Healthy People 2020?

ANSWER

  • increase the use of sustainable resources to reduce global warming
  • attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death
  • achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups
  • create social and physical environments that promote good health for all

increase the use of sustainable resources to reduce global warming

6

How many calories are in a meal that contains 100 grams of carbohydrate, 20 grams of protein, and 10 grams of fat?

ANSWER

  • 570 calories
  • 670 calories
  • 1,020 calories
  • 1,070 calories

570 calories

7

All of the following are ways in which proteins are used in the body, EXCEPT:

ANSWER

  • to help cushion organs and act as insulation under the skin to help regulate body temperature
  • to build and maintain tissues, muscles, and organs
  • to make most enzymes and some hormones
  • to help transport other nutrients

to help cushion organs and act as insulation under the skin to help regulate body temperature

8

The majority of an individual’s daily calories should come from __________.

ANSWER

  • carbohydrates
  • fats
  • minerals
  • water

carbohydrates

9

Which of the following nutrients help enzymes function in the body?

ANSWER

  • vitamins and minerals
  • carbohydrates
  • vitamins
  • minerals
  • All options are correct.

vitamins and minerals

10

ll of the following are macronutrients that provide energy in the form of calories EXCEPT:

ANSWER

  • minerals
  • carbohydrates
  • fats
  • protein

minerals

11

Which of the following nutrients provide energy?

ANSWER

  • macronutrients
  • vitamins
  • minerals
  • water

macronutrients

12

A well-balanced diet contains:

ANSWER

  • All options are correct.
  • vitamins and minerals
  • macronutrients
  • phytochemicals and fiber

All options are correct.

13

What is meant by the term scientific method?

ANSWER

  • a stepwise process used by scientists to generate sound research findings
  • an idea generated by scientists based on their observations
  • the opinion of a group of experts based on a collection of information
  • a way to calculate the number of calories in a food

a stepwise process used by scientists to generate sound research findings

14

The energy-yielding macronutrient that provides the most calories per gram is:

ANSWER

  • fat
  • carbohydrate
  • protein
  • alcohol

fat

15

n general, the U.S. diet is:

ANSWER

  • All options are correct.
  • too low in dietary fiber
  • too high in sugar, sodium, and saturated fat
  • too low in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables

All options are correct

16

Who is the most credible person to turn to for accurate nutrition advice?

ANSWER

  • Registered dietitian (RD) or registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN)
  • Registered nurse (RN)
  • Certified nutritionist (CN)
  • Medical doctor (MD)

Registered dietitian (RD) or registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN)

17

Which of the following individuals would be the most credible source of information for diet assessment and healthy weight loss?

ANSWER

  • a registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN)
  • an employee at the local health food store
  • a family member
  • a member of the university track team

a registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN)

18

Which of the following are overarching goals for Healthy People 2020?

ANSWER

  • All options are correct.
  • attaining high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death
  • achieving health equity, eliminating disparities, and improving the health of all groups
  • creating social and physical environments that promote good health for all

All options are correct.

19

hat is the first step in the scientific method?

ANSWER

  • Make observations and ask questions.
  • Form a hypothesis.
  • Do an experiment.
  • Develop a theory.

Make observations and ask questions

20

The research design in which neither the scientists nor the subjects can distinguish between the experimental group and the control group is called:

ANSWER

  • double-blind, placebo controlled
  • peer-reviewed research
  • epidemiological research
  • placebo research

double-blind, placebo controlled

21

Which of the following factors can influence an individual’s food choices?

ANSWER

  • All options are correct.
  • ethnic background
  • schedule
  • habits and emotions

All

22

What is the definition of nutrition?

ANSWER

  • the scientific study of how the nutrients and compounds in the foods people eat nourish and affect their body functions and health
  • the study of genes, including how genes function in the body and how they are influenced by the environment
  • the study of how the body functions
  • the study of hormones and how they function in the body

the scientific study of how the nutrients and compounds in the foods people eat nourish and affect their body functions and health

23

Nutrients are divided into _____ classes.

ANSWER

  • six
  • two
  • four
  • nine

6

24

Which of the following must be considered when assessing whether or not the nutrition and health information on a website is accurate and current?

ANSWER

  • who wrote it, when it was written, and when it was last updated
  • who wrote it
  • when it was written
  • when it was last updated
  • only who wrote it and when it was written

who wrote it, when it was written, and when it was last updated

25

Which of these nutrition-related diseases is the leading cause of death in the United States?

ANSWER

  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Stroke
  • Cancer

Heart disease