American History Chapters 33-34

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The American Pageant
Chapters 33, 34
Chapter 33-34 East Mississippi Community College 3 exam Q's
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1

Both ratified in the 1930s, the Twentieth Amendment ____; the Twenty-first Amendment ____.
Answer

shortened the time between presidential election and inauguration; ended prohibition

limited a president to two complete terms in office; repealed the Eighteenth Amendment

gave women the right to vote; limited a president to two complete terms in office

ended prohibition; shortened the time between presidential election and inauguration

expanded the size of the Supreme Court; ended prohibition

shortened the time between presidential election and inauguration; ended prohibition (exam)

2

In 1932 Franklin Roosevelt campaigned on the promise that his administration would demonstrate particular concern for
Answer

organized labor.

African Americans and other minorities.

small businesspeople and entrepreneurs.

the middle class.

the forgotten man.

the forgotten man.

3

Match each prominent figure of FDR's New Deal with the cause or program with which he or she was closely identified.
A. Robert Wagner 1. Department of Labor
B. Harry Hopkins 2. Public Works Administration
C. Harold Ickes 3. Works Progress Administration
D. Frances Perkins 4. National Labor Relations Act

Answer

A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4

A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1

A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2

A-4, B-3, C-1, D-2

A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3

A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1

4

The 1930s Dust Bowl was centered in the states of
Answer

Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Texas, Colorado.

Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama.

Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota.

Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota.

California, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico.

Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Texas, Colorado.

5

The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) attempted to solve the "farm problem" by
Answer

paying farmers to reduce their production and thus raise prices.

providing federal loans based on crops held in storage.

offering incentives for farmers to switch to more lucrative crops.

encouraging poorer farmers to migrate to California and the West.

creating farm marketing cooperatives.

paying farmers to reduce their production and thus raise prices.

6

The Federal Securities Act
Answer

created the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to regulate speculation in grain and other products.

created the Social Security Administration to provide disability and old age insurance.

broke up public utility holding companies and monopolies.

created the Securities and Exchange Commission to require accurate public information about stocks and bonds.

outlawed insider trading on the New York Stock Exchange.

created the Securities and Exchange Commission to require accurate public information about stocks and bonds. (Exam)

7

The Glass-Steagall Act
Answer

took the United States off the gold standard.

empowered President Roosevelt to close all banks temporarily.

created the Securities and Exchange Commission to regulate the stock exchange.

permitted commercial banks to engage in Wall Street financial dealings.

created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to insure individual bank deposits.

created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to insure individual bank deposits.

8

The ____ was probably the most popular New Deal program; the ____ was one of the most complex; and the ____ was the most radical.
Answer

Works Progress Administration; Agricultural Adjustment Act; Civilian Conservation Corps

Agricultural Adjustment Administration; Public Works Administration; Tennessee Valley Authority

National Recovery Act; Tennessee Valley Authority; Social Security Act

Civilian Conservation Corps; National Recovery Administration; Tennessee Valley Authority

Social Security Act; Civilian Conservation Corps; Works Progress Administration

Civilian Conservation Corps; National Recovery Administration; Tennessee Valley Authority

9

The phrase "Hundred Days" refers to
Answer

the worst months of the Great Depression.

the time between Franklin Roosevelt's inaugural address and his submission of legislation to Congress.

the first months of Franklin Roosevelt's presidency when Congress passed numerous important laws.

the lame-duck period between Franklin Roosevelt's election and his inauguration.

the time that all banks were closed by FDR.

the first months of Franklin Roosevelt's presidency when Congress passed numerous important laws.

10

Which of the following was not among the goals of the Tennessee Valley Authority?
Answer

providing electrical power to a poor region

check and reform the electrical power monopolies

provide jobs for the unemployed

bring business, labor, and agriculture under direct federal control

provide for soil conservation, flood control, and reforestation

bring business, labor, and agriculture under direct federal control

11

After the destroyer Greer was fired upon, the Kearny crippled, and the Reuben James sunk,
Answer

Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act.

the United States Navy began escorting merchant vessels carrying lend-lease shipments.

Congress authorized the arming of American merchant ships.

Congress forbade United States ships to enter combat zones.

Roosevelt told the public that war was imminent.

Congress authorized the arming of American merchant ships.

12

America's neutrality during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939 allowed
Answer

Hitler to conquer Spain.

the Loyalists to hold onto their stronghold of Barcelona.

Roosevelt and Franco to become personal friends.

the Soviets to aid the Spanish republic.

Spain to become a fascist dictatorship.

Spain to become a fascist dictatorship.

13

Arrange these events in chronological order: (A) Munich Conference, (B) German invasion of Poland, (C) Hitler-Stalin nonaggression treaty.
Answer

A, C, B

B, C, A

C, B, A

C, A, B

A, B, C

A, C, B

14

Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) fall of France, (B) Atlantic Charter, (C) Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union.
Answer

B, A, C

A, B, C

C, B, A

A, C, B

C, A, B

A, C, B

15

Fascist aggression in the 1930s included Mussolini's invasion of ____,Hitler's invasion of ____, and Franco's overthrow of the republican government of ____.
Answer

Egypt; France; Poland

Albania; Italy; Austria

Ethiopia; Czechoslovakia; Spain

Belgium; the Soviet Union; France

Ethiopia; Norway; Portugal

Ethiopia; Czechoslovakia; Spain

16

Franklin Roosevelt's Good Neighbor policy
Answer

created tensions with Britain and Spain, which both had interests in Latin America.

failed to reverse the drift toward fascism in Latin America.

was greeted with suspicion among many Latin Americans.

enabled the United States to establish military bases in Central America and the Caribbean.

began to overturn longstanding Latin American resentment of the United States.

began to overturn longstanding Latin American resentment of the United States.?

17

In 1938 the British and French bought peace with Hitler at the Munich Conference at the expense of
Answer

Poland.

the free city of Danzig.

Austria.

Belgium.

Czechoslovakia.

Czechoslovakia (exam)

18

Japan attacked the United States primarily because Franklin Roosevelt insisted that Japan
Answer

withdraw from the Dutch East Indies.

leave China.

open its trade doors to American products.

break its Axis alliance with Germany.

reduce its naval buildup throughout the Pacific.

leave China.

19

The 1941 Lend-Lease Act was all of the following except
Answer

a focus of intense public debate between internationalists and isolationists all across America.

a direct challenge to the Axis dictators.

the point when all pretense of American neutrality was abandoned.

the catalyst that caused American factories to prepare for all-out war production.

an executive deal negotiated between Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill.

an executive deal negotiated between Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. (Exam?)

20

The passage of the Neutrality Acts and other isolationist policies of the 1930s resulted in all of the following except
Answer

abandonment of America's traditional policy of freedom of the seas.

a decline in the navy and other armed forces.

making no distinction whatever between aggressors and victims.

spurring aggressors along their path of conquest.

a stiffening of British and French resistance to totalitarian aggression.

a stiffening of British and French resistance to totalitarian aggression.?