AP Psychology Unit 1

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1

empiricism

the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should rely on observation and experimentation

2

structuralism

an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind

3

functionalism

a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable us to adapt, survive and flourish

4

experimental psychology

the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method

5

behaviorism

the view that psychology 1) should be an objective science that 2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. most agree with 2

6

humanistic psychology

historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and individuals potential for personal growth

7

cognitive neuroscience

the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition

8

psychology

the science of behavior and mental process

9

nature-nurture issue

the controversy over the relative contributions of biology

10

levels of analysis

the differing complementary views, from biological, psychological and social-cultural factors

11

biopsychosocial approach

considers the influences of biological, psychological and social-cultural factors

12

biological

studies the link between biological and psychological processes

13

evolutionary psychology

the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection

14

psychodynamic psychology

a branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders

15

behavioral psychology

the scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning

16

cognitive psychology

the scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating

17

social-cultural psychology

the study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking

18

psychometrics

the scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, attitudes, and traits

19

basic research

pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base

20

developmental psychology

the scientific study of physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the lifespan

21

educational psychology

the study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning

22

personality psychology

the study of an individual's characteristics pattern thinking, feelings, and acting

23

social psychology

the scientific study of how we think about, influence and relate to one another

24

applied research

scientific study that aims to solve practical problems

25

industrial organizational (I/O) psychology

the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces

26

human factos psychology

the study of how people and machines interact and the design of safe and easily used machines and environments

27

counseling psychology

a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well-being

28

clinical psychology

a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders

29

psychiatry

a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who often provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy