Which of the following factors contributed to the new, more humane conception of Christ in Gothic thought and sculpture?
Devotion to Mary as his mother
What is the subject of the tympanum over the central portal (ie. the main entrance) on the West façade of Chartres?
The Second Coming of Christ
Why are the West façade portals called the “royal portals”?
The jamb figures represent Biblical Kings and Queens
How is the Christ on the West façade of Chartres represented differently than the Christ at Autun or other Romanesque churches?
The Chartres Christ is carved in higher relief
The sculpture of the jamb figures at Chartres reflect the Gothic period’s great interest in
What are some of the subjects represented in the archivolts at Chartres?
(a) signs of the zodiac, (c) labors of the month and (d) Ancient Greek Philosophers
Where is the “Beau Dieu” represented at Chartres?
Trumeau on the South Portal
To trace the development in the Gothic representation of the human figure, put the jambs at Chartres in their correct relative chronological order:
Biblical Kings and Queens, Abraham and Isaac, Annunciation & Visitation
What changes do we see in the later jamb figures at Chartres compared to the earlier ones?
All of the above: The figures are increasingly more independent from architecture, The latest figures interact with each other to create narrative scenes, Some of the later figures stand in an almost contrapposto-like pose, and the clothing/drapery becomes more Classicizing and flowing
Who or what is the “Beau Dieu”?
Christ as a gentle teacher
What are some of the classicizing features found in Gothic sculpture as seen at Chartres?
All of the above: Contrapposto-like stance, greater naturalism than in the Romanesque period, flowing clothing similar to the wet-drapery technique
It is possible to see differences in the Gothic representation of figures at Chartres because
The figures were carved at different times as the parts of the church were built
Subject matter found in the sculpture of Chartres Cathedral includes
all of the above: (a) saints, (b) Hebrew figures, (c) stories from the life of Christ, and (d) stories from the Hebrew Bible
Chartres was an important church in part because
(a) it housed a relic of Mary's blouse and (c) the Scholastics gathered there
A sign that Mary was becoming more important during the Gothic period than she was in earlier Christian belief is evident at Chartres in
events in which she was a major character are included in some of the tympana