CST exam review 1 Flashcards


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1

Which of the following terms is used to describe surgical intervention that does not have to be performed immediately or within a short period of time, for example a torn meniscus repair?

Elective

2

Which of the following historical figures is considered the father of modern anatomy and changed the traditional approach to anatomical studies?

Vesalius

3

Which of the following historical figures developed the first x-ray machine?

Roentgen

4

How many phases of surgical case management are there?

Three

5

Which of the following surgical team members would be primarily responsible for maintaining the patients operative record and transporting the patient to the post-anesthesia care unit?

Circulating RN

6

Which of the following surgical team memebers would be responsible for separating instruments and disassembling the sterile field?

CST

7

Which organization developed national certification exams for surgical technologists and surgical first assistants and confers the appropriate credential to eligible certificants?

NBSTSA

8

Which of the following symbols in the Association of Surgical Technologists logo represents the surgical technologist performing various roles in surgery?

Filled Circle

9

Which of the following roles is defined by the American College of Surgeons as providing aid in exposure, hemostasis, and other technical funsrilms that help the surgeons carry out a safe operation with optimal results for the patient?

Surgical first assist

10

Which terms describes the relationship between th verified surgical technologist and the other members of the surgical team?

Professional

11

Which term describes the relationship between the CST and the patient or the patients family

Therapeutic

12

Which example of nonverbal body language might a patient perceive as a negative attitude from a team member?

Tightly folded arms

13

According the the AST position statement on teamwork , which type of environment contributes most to a safe and efficient surgical experience with positive patient outcomes?

Collaborative

14

Which term describes the surgical technologists foundational commitment to professional honesty, confidentiality, fair treatment, cost containment, and attention to the highest level of surgical patient care?

Surgical conscience

15

Which term describes a physician group owned hospital?

Proprietary

16

Which acronym represents an organization that serves as both an insurer and provider of medical services?

HMO

17

Surgical technologists and other allied health professionals in perioperative services usually work under the direction of which hospital administrative director?

Director of nursing

18

What type of professional would have DO or DPM after his or her name?

Doctor

19

Through which hospital department or committee would the certified surgical first assistant submit a request for privilages to work in the operating room?

Medical Staff

20

Which department would provide services for repair of broken equipment or to do routine preventive checks?

Biomedical engineering

21

What does the acronym DRG stand for in the hospital setting?

Diagnosis related groups

22

Which of the following is the membership organization for surgical technology with a board of directors elected by a house of delegates?

AST

23

Which of the following membership organizations would the circulating RN in the operating room likely join as a member?

AORN

24

The CST and CSFA credentials are registered trademarks of which organization?

NBSTSA

25

The hospitals infection control nurse would report any suspicion of rare or mysterious infectious diseases to which government agency?

CDC

26

Which federal regulatory agency is dedicated to enforcing workplace safety and preventing worker injuries?

OSHA

27

Which of the following is an independent, nonprofit national organization that developed standards for and accredits Heath care organizations in the United States?

The joint Commision

28

A medical device or surgical piece of equipment that has failed would have to taken out of device and any patient injury reported to which if the following agencies?

FDA

29

Who was the pioneer of medicine and surgery that first developed techniques for surgical antisepsis?

Lister

30

Which specialist would likely have provakeges to surgically treat diseases of the rest, hepatobiary and gastrointestinal systems, and thyroid gland?

General surgeon

31

Which national membership organizations House of delegates proposed the creation of the Association of Operating room Technicians (AORT) in 1969?

ACS

32

What do conscientiousness, problem solving, skills competency, teamwork, and commitment to continuing education represent for a CST

Professional traits

33

Which of the following is an example of an intentional tort pertaining to a surgical patient

Restraints are used on a patient who threatens to leave

34

Which of the following legal doctrines would most likely apply in the case of a wrong site surgery or retained foreign body?

Res ipsa loquitur

35

What is the term that describes a method of pretrial discovery in which a surgical team member might answer questions under oath?

Deposition

36

Which of the following torts would be classified as unintentional?

Foreign bodies left in patient

37

A special consent form would be required for what situation during a hospital stay

Surgical procedure

38

Which memeber of the surgical team is ultimately responsible for obtaining a written informed surgical cinsent from a Patient ?

Surgeon

39

What is not a component of the patients medical record?

Surgeons preference card

40

In 2004 which of the following agencies created the "DO not use" abbreviation list?

the joint commision

41

Which of the following surgical patients would be legally authorized to sign an informed surgical consent based on medical practice acts and state law?

An emancipated 16-year old minor

42

Which of the following pertains to a patients wishes about medical treatment and self-determination in the event of incapacitation or inability to speak?

Advance directive

43

What does it carry the force of state or national legal enforcement?

Implementation of the neutral zone