Unit 7 - DNA Flashcards


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created 7 years ago by reneekeim
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1

DNA

A nucleic acid found in the nucleus that contains the information about how a living organism will look and function

2

Chromosome

Made up of DNA and protein

3

Nitrogen Base

The middle part of the DNA that pairs up (there are 4 of these)

4

Nucleotide

Nucleic acids are made up of many nucleotides; includes a sugar, a phosphate and a nitrogen base

5

Gene

The sections of DNA that carry the specific traits - hold the information to build and maintain an organism's cells and pass genetic traits to offspring

6

Mutation

A change in the DNA sequence of a gene

7

Replicate

To make a copy; DNA replication is when the DNA is copied

8

Cell Cycle

Consists of 2 stages; one stage is when the cell grows & the second stage is when the cell divides & reproduces itself