chapter 6

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1

A CELL'S NUCLEUS IS AN EXAMPLE OF AN _______, A SPECIALIZED STRUCTURE WITHIN A CELL.

ORGANELLE

2

WHICH BODY CAVITY IS IN THE BACK OF THE BODY?

DORSAL

3

A _________ DISORDER CAN BE CAUSED BY A CHANGE IN THE NUMBER OR STRUCTURE OF THE CHROMOSOMES.

GENETIC

4

THE TERM ______, OR "VIEW" DESCRIBES THE SURFACE OF THE BODY OR BODY PART WHEN SEEN FROM DIFFERENT ANGLES OR PERSPECTIVES.

ASPECT

5

WHICH BODY CAVITY CONTAINS THE BRAIN?

DORSAL

6

GEOFFREY IS DOING RESEARCH WITH STEM CELLS, WHICH:

CAN DIVIDE WITHOUT LIMIT & GIVE RISE TO SPECIALIZED CELLS

7

FOR HER CHEST X-RAY EXAM, THE PATIENT IS ASKED TO STAND INITIALLY FACING FORWARD WITH HER ARMS AT HER SIDES AND HER PALMS FORWARD. FROM THIS INITIAL POSITION, THE RADIOGRAPHER WILL BE ABLE TO HELP HER ASSUME A VARIETY OF POSITIONS TO GET THE BEST IMAGES. THIS INITIAL POSITION ITSELF IS KNOWN AS THE

ANATOMICAL POSITION

8

WHICH STRUCTURE DIVIDES THE THORACIC CAVITY FROM THE ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY?

DIAPHRAGM

9

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DOES THE VENTRAL CAVITY CONTAIN?

THORACIC AND ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY

10

HOW MANY SECTIONS ARE MADE BY THE TWO DIFFERENT WAYS OF DIVIDING THE ABDOMINOPELVIC REGION?

4 & 9

11

A PATIENT IS TAKEN TO RADIOLOGY, WHERE THE EMERGENCY MEDICAL TEAM HAS REQUESTED A RADIOGRAPH, OR X-RAY IMAGE, OF THE PATIENT'S ABDOMIN, TO BE TAKEN IN SUCH A WAY THAT THE X=RAY BEAM WILL TRAVEL FRONT TO BACK. THIS DESCRIPTION OF THE X-RAY BEAM IS AN _________________ DIRECTION.

ANTEROPOSTERIOR

12

WHICH QUADRANT CONTAINS THE RIGHT URETER, RIGHT FALLOPIAN TUBE OR RIGHT SPERMATIC DUCT, AND PORTIONS OF THE INTESTINAL TRACT?

RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT

13

WHICH ABDOMINOPELVIC REGION CONTAINS THE STOMACH, PANCREAS, LEFT KIDNEY, SPLEEN, AND PARTS OF THE LARGE AND SMALL INTGESTINE?

LEFT UPPER QUADRANT

14

THE CENTER REGION IN THE MIDDLE ROW OF THE NINE ANATOMICAL REGIONS IS CALLED THE ________ REGION.

UMBILICAL

15

WHICH RELIGIONS LIE TO THE RIGHT AND LEFT OF THE HYPOGASTRIC REGION?

INGUINAL

16

CEPHALIC MEANS PERTAINING TO THE TAIL, OR INFERIOR.

FALSE

17

OMPHALIC MEANS PERTAINING TO THE UMBILICUS.

TRUE

18

PROXIMAL MEANS NEARER TO THE POINT OF REFERENCE.

TRUE

19

PRONATION IS THE MOTION THAT ALLOWS THE HANDS TO TURN THE PALMS UPWARD.

FALSE

20

THE MIDSAGITTAL PLANE DIVIDES THE BODY INTO TOP AND BOTTOM PORTIONS.

FALSE

21

THE CORONAL PLANE DIVIDES THE BODY INTO FRONT AND BACK PORTIONS.

TRUE

22

THE SAGITTAL PLANE DIVIDES THE BODY INTO RIGHT AND LEFT PROTIONS.

TRUE

23

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS ONE OF THE MAIN TYPES OF TISSUE?

MUSCLE

24

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS ONE OF THE MAIN TYPES OF TISSUE?

EPITHELIAL

25

________ MEANS SITUATED ON OR NEAR THE SURFACE.

SUPERFICIAL

26

THE EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT TEAM NOTE A BRUISING ON THE ________ ASPECT OF THE PATIENT'S TORSO, MEANING THAT THEY SEE BRUISING BEHIND AND TO ONE SIDE OF THE TORSO.

DORSOLATERAL

27

WHAT DOES ANTEROLATERAL MEAN?

PERTAINING TO THE FRONT AND THE SIDE

28

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MEANS EXCESSIVELY ELEVATED BODY TEMPERATURE?

HYPERPYREXIA

29

_______ MEANS AN INCREASE IN A CELL'S SIZE, AND _______ MEANS AN INCREASED NUMBER OF CELLS.

HYPERTROPHY, HYPERPLASIA

30

WHAT COMBINING FORM COULD BE USED WITH GEN/O AND -IC TO CREATE A TERM THAT MEANS PERTAINING TO CONDITIONS THAT ORGINATE IN THE MIND OR ARE CAUSED BY MENTAL PROCESSES?

PSYCH/O

31

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CHIR/O AND DACTYL/O IS THAT:

CHIR/O MEANS HAND AND DACTYL/O REFERS TO FINGERS AND TOES

32

WHICH PREFIX STARTS THE NAME OF THE GROUP OF DRUGS THAT ACTS AGAINST INFLAMMATION?

ANTI-

33

LACK OF DEVELOPMENT OF AN ORGAN OR TISSUE IS _______.

APLASIA

34

________ REFERS TO THE DEATH OF THE ORGANISM AND IS CHARACTERIZED BY THE DISCONTINUATION OF CARDIAC ACTIVITY AND RESPIRATION THAT EVENTUALLY LEADS TO THE DEATH OF ALL BODY CELLS.

SOMATIC DEATH

35

IN WHICH BODY CAVITY WOULD THE PROCEDURE THORACOCENTESIS BE PERFORMED?

THORACIC

36

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CORRECTLY ORDERS STRUCTURES FROM MOST COMPLEX TO SIMPLEST?

BODY SYSTEM, ORGANS, TISSUES, CELLS

37

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE?

A BODY SYSTEM IS A GROUP OF SEVERAL ORGANS THAT WORK TOGETHER TO ACCOMPLISH RELATED FUNCTIONS.

38

THE CORONAL PLANE IS ALSO CALLED THE ______.

FRONTAL PLANE

39

THE WORD PART THAT COMPLETES THE MEDICAL TERM MEANING PERTAINING TO THE MIDDLE AND TO THE SIDE, MEDIO/O/________/AL, IS _______.

LATER