Anatomy and Physiology Review for Midterm Flashcards


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1

which of the following describes a parasagittal plane

any sagittal plane except in the midline

2

the dorsal body cavity is the site of which of the following?

brain

brain & spinal cord

3

you are asked to take a person's heart rate at the popliteal pulse point. you will look for this pulse _____.

on the posterior side of the knee

4

passive membrane transport processes include ______

movement of a substance down its concentration gradient

5

which of the following would not be restricted (limited) by low levels of ATP?

osmosis

6

which of the following is NOT found in cartilage but is found in bone?

blood vessels

cartilage is avascular and gets nutrients from membrane surrounding it

7

the shape of the external ear is maintained by ______.

elastic cartilage

maintains the shape of a structure while allowing great flexibility also found in the epiglottis

8

what are the three main components of connective tissue

ground substance

fibers

cells

9

`which tissue type is formed by many cells joining together, each contributing a nucleus?

skeletal muscle

10

the dermis is a strong, flexible connective tissue layer. which of the following cell types are likely to be found in the dermis

fibroblasts

macrophages

mast cells

11

the cell responsible for secreting the matrix of bone is the ______.

oseoblasts

12

bones are constantly undergoing resorption (breaking bone down) for various reasons. Which of the following cells accomplishes this process.

osteoclast

13

in the epiphyseal plate, cartilage grows ______.

?? by pulling the diaphysis toward the epiphysis

14

at an archeoloical site you discover a bone that is cylindrical in shape, about one inch long and a quarter of an inch wide. choose the correct classification:

a. short

b. irregular

c.long

d.sesamoid

a long bong

because it is longer than it is wider

15

the sella turcica is part of the ____ bone and houses the ____ gland

sphenoid, pituitary

16

articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are

a. amphiarthroses - slightly movable

b. synarthroses - immovable

c. diarthroses - freely movable

d. synovial joints - structural type

17

fibrous joints are classified as ______.

sutures - rigid, interlocking joints of skulls

syndesmoses - bones connnected by ligaments

gomphoses - peg-in-socket

18

what is moving a limb away from the midline of the body along the frontal plane called?

abduction

19

what is the definition of homeostatis

the ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions even though the outside world changed continuously

20

growth of cartilage from within cartilage is termed

interstitial growth

- chondrocyes within lacunae divide and secrete new matrix, expanding cartilage from within; new matrix made within cartilage

21

all synovial joints are _____

diarthrotic

all freely moving

22

pointing your toes downward is described as which type of movement?

platar flexion

23

which of the following is not a factor that stabilizes joints?

bursae