Western Civilization CH 4 Flashcards


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Chapter 4
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1

Philip of Macedonia built his power base north of Greece partially by:

multiple alliance marriages

2

Alexander decided to make Egypt the capital of his empire:

after he was proclaimed the 'son of Ammon" by the sun god's oracle.

3

The beginning of the end of Alexander’s conquests was his inability to fully subdue:

Afghanistan.

4

Macedonian rule in Egypt was characterized by:

a revival of ancient traditions associated with the pharaohs.

5

The _________ believed that the cosmos is an ordered whole in which all contradictions are resolved for ultimate good.

Stoics.

6

A major influence on Epicurus and his school of Epicureanism was:

Democritus.

7

In invading Persia, Alexander began to follow the example of Cyrus the Great and:

offered amnesty to cities that surrendered and no mercy to those that did not.

8

During the economic decline of Greece in the fourth century B.C.E.:

former soldiers often worked as mercenaries who disrupted the household-based culture of the Greek poleis.

9

The Aetolian and Achaean Leagues differed from previous Greek attempts at political organization between poleis because:

they represented a real political unification, with some centralization of government functions.

10

The most important cultural center in the Hellenistic world was:

Alexandria.

11

Following Sparta’s victory in the Peloponnesian War:

Sparta alienated the other Greek cities by trying to dominate them.

12

Aristarchus of Samos was unusual among Hellenistic astronomers because:

he believed that the earth revolves around the sun.

13

After a period of instability, __________was finally able to establish rule over the homeland of Alexander’s Empire—Macedonia and Greece.

Antigonus.

14

With the expansion of population in Hellenistic world:

Alexander's successors established some 200 cities.

15

Macedonian military reforms under Philip II most closely resemble earlier reforms undertaken by:

Thebes.

16

Whereas Plato conceived of politics as a means toward living the good life, Aristotle regarded politics as:

an end in itself.

17

With the expansion of population in the Hellenistic world and the creation of larger cities:

the average Greek male was less connected to his community and had little or no stake in society.

18

Alexander sought to fuse his Greco-Macedonian Empire with Persia by:

arranging for hundreds of his officers to marry Persian noblewomen.

19

Greek rational thought began to separate in the Hellenistic world:

and scientific inquiry began to be its own field of study.

20

After the Corinthian War (395–387 B.C.E.), Sparta:

was defeated by Thebes, under the leadership of Epaminondas.

21

To highlight their authority and status in the former Persian Empire, Seleucid rulers:

used terms in proclamations reminiscent of earlier Mesopotamian rulers.

22

Why did autocratic rulers in the Hellenistic world encourage manufacturing industries?

Manufacturing increased international trade revenues and therefore taxation and tariffs.

23

Central to the Skeptic worldview is the idea that:

one must suspend judgment concerning everything.

24

The chief characteristics of Hellenistic architecture were:

grandeur and ornamentation.

25

Herophilus of Chalcedon was an innovative _________ in the ancient Hellenistic world.

anatomist.