Human Anatomy and Physiology II Final Exam

Helpfulness: +5
Set Details Share
created 8 years ago by midoriana
5,705 views
Chapters 20-22 East Mississippi Community College
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

The structural framework of lymphoid tissue is offered by:

reticular connective tissue.

2

Large clusters of lymph nodes occur in all of the following locations except the ________.

lower extremities

3

What is the role of interferon in defense against disease?

protects cells that have not yet been infected by viruses

4

Which nonspecific defense cells specialize in attacking cancer cells and virus-infected cells?

Natural killer cells

5

Which statement is true of the thoracic duct?

It drains the lymph from the entire left side of the body and the right abdomen and leg.

6

Which of the following are the principle lymphoid organs in the body?

Lymph nodes

7

This tissue lines the trachea.

Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

8

All of the following are examples of autoimmune disorders, except:

sickle-cell anemia.

9

Which of the following cells is the most critical cell in immunity?

helper T cell

10

Within the lungs carbon dioxide and oxygen diffuse between the air in the alveoli and the blood.

True

11

Which of the following controls the respiratory rate?

Medulla

12

Lymph leaves a lymph node via ________.

efferent lymphatic vessels

13

Lymphocytes that develop immunocompetence in the thymus are:

T lymphocytes.

14

Active artificially acquired immunity is a result of:

vaccination.

15

The tonsils located at the base of the tongue are the ________.

lingual tonsils

16

This type of disease results from the inability of the immune system to distinguish self- from nonself-antigens.

Autoimmune disease

17

This structure, attached to the cecum, is in an ideal location to destroy bacteria before it migrates into the large intestine.

Appendix

18

Cytotoxic T cells ________.

are the only T cells that can directly attack and kill other cells

19

Which of the following conditions would NOT decrease the total respiratory compliance?

Increase in lung compliance

20

Lymphoid tissue that appears as a swelling of the mucosa in the oral cavity is called a(n) ________.

tonsil

tonsil

21

Which of the following is NOT a function of the conducting zone?

Gas exchange

22

Where is the site of erythrocyte production in the fetus?

Spleen

23

Innate immune system defenses include ________.

phagocytosis

24

Which of the following is not a type of T cell?

antigenic

25

Which atmospheric gas is the most soluble in liquid?

Carbon dioxide

26

Internal and external respiration occur in exactly the same regions of the body.

False

27

Aggregates of lymphoid nodules located in the wall of the ileum are:

Peyer's patches.

28

Antibodies that act against a particular foreign substance are released by ________.

plasma cells

29

Lymphocytes that develop immunocompetence in the thymus are:

T lymphocytes.

30

Most of the carbon dioxide transported by the blood is:

converted to bicarbonate ions and transported in plasma.

31

Fever ________.

production is regulated by chemicals that reset the body's thermostat to a higher settin

32

The transpulmonary pressure is the difference between the ____________ and the __________ pressure.

intrapulmonary; intrapleural

33

The movement of air into and out of the lungs is called:

pulmonary ventilation

34

Which respiratory structure has the smallest diameter?

Bronchiole

35

Which statement below is characteristic of a secondary humoral response?

It occurs much more rapidly than a primary response.

36

The rate of blood flow to a tissue would increase during times of high metabolic activity.

True

37

The immune cell that allows for subsequent recognition of an antigen, resulting in a secondary response, is called a(n):

memory cell.

38

Air moves into the lungs because:

the gas pressure in the lungs becomes lower than the outside pressure as the diaphragm contracts.

39

A major function of the lymphatic system is:

return of tissue fluid to the cardiovascular system.

40

Which of the following is a nonspecific barrier defense?

Mucous membranes

41

All of the following would be caused by breathing excessively high concentrations of oxygen for a long period of time, except:

increased mental function.

42

In addition to its lymphoid function, this organ holds a reservoir of platelets.

Spleen

43

Small molecules that bind with self-proteins to produce antigenic substances are called ________.

haptens

44

A "foreign" molecule which can invoke the immune response is called a(n):

antigen.

45

Antibody functions include all of the following except ________.

cross-linking cell-bound antigens on red blood cells when blood types are properly matched

46

The elastic cartilage that shields the opening to the larynx during swallowing is the:

epiglottis.

47

Which of the following is not a function of the inflammatory response?

replaces injured tissues with connective tissue

48

Which situation would interfere with external respiration?

All answers are correct

49

Cells require oxygen for cellular respiration.

True

50

Which of the following is NOT an innate defense mechanism of the body?

B lymphocytes

51

B lymphocytes develop immunocompetence in the ________.

bone marrow

52

The thymus is most active during ________.

childhood

53

What lymphatic structures trap bacteria in the posterior oral mucosa?

Palatine tonsils

54

Helper T cells ________.

function in the adaptive immune system activation

55

Antibody functions include all of the following except ________.

cross-linking cell-bound antigens on red blood cells when blood types are properly matched