Chapter 1: The Language of Anatomy

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1

T/F:

In anatomical position, the body is lying down.

False

2

Choose correct term:

With regard to surface anatomy, abdominal/axial refers to the structures along the center line of the body.

Axial

3

The term superficial refers to a structure that is:

a. attached near the trunk of the body.

b. toward or at the body surface.

c. toward the head.

d. toward the midline.

b. toward or at the body surface.

4

The _______ plane runs longitudinally and divides the body into right and left sides.

a. frontal

b. sagittal

c. transverse

d. ventral

b. sagittal

5

Choose correct term:

The dorsal body cavity can be divided into the cranial/thoracic cavity, which contains the brain, and the sural/vertebral cavity, which contains the spinal cord.

cranial

vertebral

6

Describe completely the standard human anatomical position.

Body erect with feet slightly apart, head and feet facing forward, and arms at the side with palms facing forward.

7

Define section.

A section is a cut along a plane in order to view internal structures.

8

In the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the ______ body surface.

anterior

9

The buttocks and shoulder blades are on the ______ body surface.

posterior

10

The top of the head is the most ______ part of the body.

superior

11

The ears are ________ and ________ to the shoulders and _______ to the nose.

superior; medial; lateral

12

The heart is ______ to the vertebral column and _______ to the lungs.

anterior; medial

13

The elbow is _______ to the fingers by _______ to the shoulder.

proximal; distal

14

The abdominopelvic cavity is ________ to the thoracic cavity and _______ to the spinal cavity.

inferior; anterior

15

In humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the _______ surface; however, in the quadruped animals, the dorsal surface is the _______ surface.

posterior; superior

16

If an incisions cuts the heart into right and left parts, the section is a _______ section, but if the heart is cut so that superior and inferior portions results, the section is a ______ section.

sagittal, transverse

17

You are told to cut a dissection animal along two planes so that kidneys are observable in each section. The two secions that can meet this requirement are the _______ and _______ sections.

transverse; frontal

18

A section that demonstrates the continuity between the spinal and cranial cavities is a ________ section.

sagittal

19

Which body cavities would have to opened for the following type of surgery/procedure?

Surgery to remove cancerous lung lobe.

thoracic; ventral

20

Which body cavities would have to opened for the following type of surgery/procedure?

Removal of the uterus or womb.

abdominopelvic; ventral

21

Which body cavities would have to opened for the following type of surgery/procedure?

Removal of a brain tumor.

cranial; dorsal

22

Which body cavities would have to opened for the following type of surgery/procedure?

Appendectomy.

abdominopelvic; ventral

23

Which body cavities would have to opened for the following type of surgery/procedure?

Stomach ulcer operation.

abdominopelvic; ventral

24

Which body cavities would have to opened for the following type of surgery/procedure?

Delivery of pre-operative "saddle" anesthesia.

spinal; dorsal

25

Name the muscle that subdivides the ventral body cavity.

diaphragm

26

What are the bony landmarks of the abdominopelvic cavity?

The bony pelvis partially encloses the pelvic cavity and contains the reproductive organs, urinary bladder, and rectum. The spinal column is also posterior to the abdominal cavity.

27

Which body cavity affords the least protection to its internal structures?

abdominopelvic cavity

28

What is the function of the serous membranes of the body?

Serous membranes reduce friction as organs in the ventral cavity move against other organs and cavity walls.

29

Identify the small cavity.

Holds the eyes in an anterior-facing position

orbital cavity

30

Identify the small cavity.

Houses three tiny bones involved in hearing.

middle ear cavity

31

Identify the small cavity.

Contained within the nose.

nasal cavity

32

Identify the small cavity.

Contains the tongue.

oral cavity

33

Identify the small cavity.

Surrounds a joint.

synovial cavity

34

Identify the cavity.

Contained within is the skull and vertebral column

dorsal body cavity

35

Identify the cavity.

Houses the female reproductive organs.

pelvic cavity

36

Identify the cavity.

The most protective body cavity.

cranial cavity

37

Identify the cavity.

Its name means "belly."

ventral body cavity

38

Identify the cavity.

Contains the heart.

thoracic cavity

39

Identify the cavity.

Contains the small intestine.

abdominal cavity

40

Identify the cavity.

Bounded by the ribs.

thoracic cavity

41

Identify the cavity.

Its walls are muscular.

abdominopelvic cavity