Human Anatomy & Physiology: BIO 136 Chapter 15 Quiz Flashcards


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SPECIAL SENSES HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
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anatomy & physiology 2, education, teaching methods & materials, science & technology, medical, anatomy, physiology
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1

The sensory layer of the eye.

Retina

2

The structure most responsible for focusing light rays that enter the eye.

Lens

3

Helps maintain the intraocular pressure; located in the anterior part of the eye.

Aqueous Humor

4

Area of greatest visual acuity.

Fovea Centralis

5

Otoliths are:

Ear Stone

6

Connects the middle ear with the nasopharynx.

Pharyngotympanic Tube

7

Separates external acoustic meatus from the middle ear.

Tympanic Membrane

8

Contains Uticle and Saccule

Vestibule

9

An inflammation of the lining of the middle ear

Otitis Media

10

A condition often leading to blindness due to increased intraocular pressure

Glaucoma

11

A condition of deafness that may result from otosclerosis

Conduction Deafness

12

TRUE OR FALSE:

The optic disc is the location where the optic nerve leaves the eyeball?

TRUE

13

TRUE OR FALSE:

The fluid contained within the membranous labyrinth is called perilymph?

FALSE

14

TRUE OR FALSE:

Sour taste receptors are stimulated by hydrogen ions of acidic food substances?

TRUE

15

TRUE OR FALSE:

The structure that allows equalization of the pressure in the middle ear with that outside the body is the external auditory meatus?

FALSE

16

TRUE OR FALSE:

In order for sound to reach the spiral organ (of Corti), the auditory ossicles must vibrate the oval window and set the endolymph in motion?

TRUE

17

TRUE OR FALSE:

Light passes through the entire thickness of the neural layer of the retina the excite the photoreceptors?

TRUE

18

TRUE OR FALSE:

Without a functioning crista ampullaris, the semicircular canals would not function?

TRUE

19

TRUE OR FALSE:

The function of the lens of the eye is to allow precise focusing of light on the retina?

TRUE

20

TRUE OR FALSE:

Odorants must be volatile to be smelled?

TRUE

21

What is the main function of the rods in the eye?

B. Vision in dim light

22

What structure regulates the amount of light passing to the visual receptors of the eye?

Iris

23

Receptors for hearing are located in the _________?

Cochlea

24

Farsightedness is more properly called _______?

Hyperopia

25

Seventy percent of all sensory receptors are located in the _______?

Eye

26

Another name for the primary visual cortex is _________?

Striate Cortex