Medical Terminology Chapter 1

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1

INFECTION

THE INVASION OF THE BODY BY A DISEASE-PRODUCING ORGANISM

2

INTERSTITIAL

BETWEEN, BUT NOT WITHIN, THE PARTS OF A TISSUE

3

EDEMA

SWELLING CAUSED BY AN ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF FLUID IN THE BODY TISSUES

4

EPONYM

A DISEASE NAMED FOR THE PERSON WHO FIRST DISCOVERED IT

5

ANGIOGRAPHY

THE PROCESS OF PRODUCING A RADIOGRAPHIC STUDY OF THE BLOOD VESSELS

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HEPATOMEGALY

ENLARGEMENT OF THE LIVER

7

GASTRITIS

INFLAMMATION OF THE STOMACH

8

GASTROENTERITIS

INFLAMMATION OF THE STOMACH AND SMALL INTESTINE

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GASTROSIS

ANY DISEASE OF THE STOMACH

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FISTULA

ABNORMAL PASSAGE BETWEEN ORGANS

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FISSURE

CRACKLIKE SORE OF THE SKIN

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DIAGNOSIS

IDENTIFICATION OF A DISEASE

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MALAISE

GENERAL DISCOMFORT

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PROGNOSIS

PREDICTION OF DISEASE OUTCOME

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APPENDECTOMY

THE SURGICAL REMOVAL OF THE APPENDIX

16

ARTHRALGIA

PAIN IN TA JOINT OR JOINTS

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COLOSTOMY

THE SURGICAL CREATION OF AN ARTIFICIAL EXCRETORY OPENING BETWEEN THE COLON AND THE BODY SURFACE

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OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY

THE STUDY OF THE EARS, NOSE AND THROAT

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DERMATOLOGIST

PHYSICIAN WHO SPECIALIZES IN DIAGNOSING AND TREATING DISORDERS OF THE SKIN

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INFLAMATION

LOCALIZED RESPONSE TO AN INJURY OR DESTRUCTION OF TISSUES

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TRIAGE

MEDICAL SCREENING OF PATIENTS TO DETERMINE THEIR RELATIVE PRIORITY OF NEED AND THE PROPER PLACE OF TREATMENT

22

LACERATION

TORN OR JAGGED WOUND OR AN ACCIDENTAL CUT OR WOUND

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SYNDROME

SET OF THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS THAT OCCUR TOGETHER

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SUPINATION

THE ACT OF ROTATING THE ARM SO THAT THE PALM OF THE HAND IS FORWARD OR UPWARD

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LESION

PATHOLOGIC CHANGE OF THE TISSUES DUE TO DISEASE OR INJURY

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PALPATION

AN EXAMINATION TECHNIQUE IN WHICH THE EXAMINER'S HANDS ARE USED TO FEEL THE TEXTURE, SIZE, CONSISTENCY, AND LOCATION OF CERTAIN BODY PARTS

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HYPERTENSION

HIGHER THAN NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE

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MYELOPATHY

PATHOLOGIC CHANGE OR DISEASE IN THE SPINAL CORD

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MYCOSUS

ABNORMAL CONDITION OR DISEASE CAUSED BY FUNGUS

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MYOPATHY

PATHOLOGIC CHANGE OR DISEASE OF MUSCLE TISSUE

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PYROSIS

THE REGURGITATION OF STOMACH ACID UPWARD INTO THE ESOPHAGUS

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NEURORRHAPHY

SUTURING TOGETHER THE ENDS OF A SEVERED NERVE

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POLIOMYELITIS

INFECTION OF THE GRAY MATTER OF THE SPINAL CORD

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ENDARTERIAL

PERTAINING TO THE INTERIOR OR LINING OF AN ARTERY

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MYORRHEXIS

RUPTURE OF A MUSCLE

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ARTEREOSCLEROSIS

ABNORMAL HARDENING OF THE WALLS OF AN ARTERY OR ARTERIES

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TONSILLITIS

INFLAMMATION OF THE TONSILS

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SIGN

OBJECTIVE EVIDENCE OF A DISEASE

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VIRAL

PERTAINING TO A VIRUS

40

PALPITATION

RACING HEART, POUNDING

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ACUTE

RAPID ONSET

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TRAUMA

WOUND OR INJURY

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ABDOMINOCENTESIS

SURGICAL PUNCTURE OF THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY TO REMOVE FLUID

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DIARRHEA

THE FLOW OR FREQUENT LOOSE OR WATERY STOOLS

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ERYTHROCITE

MATURE RED BLOOD CELL

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CYANOSIS

BLUE DISCOLORATION OF THE SKIN CAUSED BY A LACK OF ADEQUATE OXYGEN IN THE BLOOD

47

PYODERMA

ACUTE, INFLAMMATORY, PUS-FORMING BACTERIAL SKIN INFECTION

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SUPPURATION

FORMATION OR DISCHARGE OF PUSS

49

HYPOTENSION

LOWER THAN NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE

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ENDOMYSIUM

WITHIN THE MUSCLE

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PHELANGES

THE BONES OF THE FINGERS AND TOES

52

REMISSION

THE TEMPORARY, PARTIAL OR COMPLETE DISAPPEARANCE OF THE SYMPTOMS

53

CHROMOSOMES

THE GENETIC STRUCTURES LOCATED WITHIN THE NUCLEUS OF EACH CELL

54

ABDOMINAL CAVITY

CONTAINS PRIMARILY THE MAJOR ORGANS OF DIGESTION