Campbell Biology: Protist Taxonomy Flashcards


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Campbell Biology
Chapter 28
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1

The process by which a unicellular organism engulfs another cell, which becomes an endosymbiont then organelle in the host cell

Endosymbiosis

2

Clades of Excavata

1. Diplomonads

2. Parabasalids

3. Euglenozoans

3

Branches of Chromalveolata

1. Alveolates

2. Stramenopiles

4

Clades of Alveolates

1. Dinoflagellates

2. Apicomplexans (Sporozoans)

3. Ciliates

5

Clades of Stramenopiles

1. Diatoms

2. Golden algae

3. Brown algae

4. Oomecytes (Water molds)

6

Clades of Rhizaria

1. Cercozoans

2. Forams

3. Radiolarians

7

Clades of Archaeplastids

1. Red algae

2. Cholorophytes

3. Charophytes

4. Land plants

8

Two types of green algae

1. Chlorophytes

2. Charophytes

9

Clades of Unikonta

1. Slime molds

2. Gymnamoebas

3. Entamoebas

4. Nucleariids

5. Fungi

6. Choanoglagellates

7. Animals

10

Clades of Amoebozoans

1. Slime molds

2. Gymnamoebas

3. Entamoebas

11

Clades of Opisthokonis

1. Nucleariids

2. Fungi

3. Choanoflagellates

4. Animals

12

This type of Apicomplexan is responsible for malaria

Plasmodium

13

This type of Excavata is responsible for traveler's diarrhea

Diplomonads

14

Contain modified mitochondria called mitosomes

Diplomonads

15

This type of Excavata is responsible for tichomonas vaginalis

Parabasalids

16

Contain reduced mitochondria called hydrenosomes

Parabasalids

17

This member of euglenozoans is responsible for sleeping sickness and Chaga's disease

Trypanosomes

18

Contain membrane-bound sacs just under the plasma membrane

Alveolates

19

Contains two flagella, each reinforced by cellulose plates; causes "red tide"

Dinoflagellates

20

Contains 2 nucleae

Ciliata

21

Found in Ciliata

Paramecium

22

Contains hairy flagellum paired with smooth flagellum

Stramenopila

23

Unicellular algae with unique two-part shells; major component of phytoplankton

Diatoms

24

Multicellular, mostly marine; often referred to as seaweek or giant kelp

Brown algae

25

The alternation of multicellular haploid and diploid forms

Alternation of Generations

26

Generations are structurally different

Heteromorphic

27

Generations look similar

Isomorphic

28

Helps amoebas move and feed

Pseudopodia

29

Have tests fused to one delicate piece, usually made of silica

Radiolarians

30

Multicellular, mostly marine; often referred to as seaweed or giant kelp

Brown algae

31

Accessory pigment that causes red color; masks chloroplast

Phycoerythrin

32

This branch of Archaeoplastida and green algae is most closely related to land plants

Charophytes

33

Common unicellular amoebas in soil and water

Gymnamoebas

34

Causes amebic dysentery, the 3rd leading cause of human death due to eukaryotic parasites

Entamoeba histolytica