Experiment 3- Separation of Components of a Mixture Flashcards


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created 7 years ago by brianquintero1
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Experiment 3 and review of other experiments
updated 7 years ago by brianquintero1
Grade levels:
College: First year
Subjects:
chemistry
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1

Purpose of Experiment 3?

Familiarize w/ the methods of separating substances from one another

...using (DES) techniques:

1. Decantation

2. Extraction

3. Sublimation

2

Purpose of Experiment 2?

Familiarize w/ procedures used in evaluating physical properties

and

use of these properties to identify substances.

3

Purpose of Experiment 1?

To learn the use of common, simple lab equipment.

4

Decantation:

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(process of) separating a liquid from a solid (sediment) by gently pouring the liquid from the solid

- so as to not disturb the solid

5

Filtration:

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(process of) separating a solid from a liquid by means of a porous substance (filter)

- allows the liquid to pass through but not the solid

common filters: paper, layers of charcoal, and sand

Silt and sand can be removed from our drinking water by this process

6

Extraction:

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(separation of) a substance from a mixture by preferentially dissolving that substance in a suitable solvent

By this process, a soluble compound is usually separated from an insoluble

7

Sublimation:

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(process in which) a solid passes directly to the gaseous state and back to the solid state (w/o the appearance of the liquid state)

8

Can all substances be sublimed? Why or why not?

No, not all substances possess the ability to be sublimed.

Iodine, napthalene, and ammonium chloride= common substances easy to sublime

9

Mixture

A combination of two or more substances in which each substance retains its own chemical identity - and its own properties

Pure substances= fixed composition

Mixture= compositions vary

10

Two kinds of mixtures?

Homogenous- sugar water, air

- also called a solution

Heterogenous- cement, wood, rocks, soil (don't have the same composition, properties, appearance throughout

11

Fundamental properties of mixtures

1. Each of the substances in the mixture retains its chemical identity

2. separable into these components by physical means

12

Define preponderant.

Define impurities

1. substance whose amount far exceeds the amounts of the other substances in a mixture

2. the other substances in the mixture containing the preponderant