Ch.3 Self test

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1

The double-walled membrane lining the abdominal cavity is called the?

Peritoneum

2

Which of the following soft tissue structures are seen on a properly exposed KUB?

Psoas muscles

3

The first portion of the small intestine is called the?

Duodenum

4

At the junction of the small and large intestine is the?

Ileocecal valve

5

Which one of the following is not an accessory organ of digestion?

Kidney

6

The kidneys are connected to the bladder by the way of the?

Ureter

7

Which structure sores and releases bile?

Gallbladder

8

Which on of the following structures connects the small intestines to the posterior abdominal wall?

Mesentery

9

Identify the correct abdominal quadrants for the organ.

Cecum

RLQ

10

Identify the correct abdominal quadrants for the organ.

Liver

RUQ

11

Identify the correct abdominal quadrants for the organ.

Spleen

LUQ

12

Identify the correct abdominal quadrants for the organ.

Stomach

LUQ

13

Identify the correct abdominal quadrants for the organ.

Right colic flexure

RUQ

14

Identify the correct abdominal quadrants for the organ.

Sigmond colon

LLQ

15

Identify the correct abdominal quadrants for the organ.

Appendix

RLQ

16

Identify the correct abdominal quadrants for the organ.

Pancreas

RUQ and LUQ

17

Identify the correct abdominal quadrants for the organ.

Gallbladder

RUQ

18

Which region of the abdomen contains the spleen?

Left hypochondriac

19

Which is the correct compartment of the peritoneum

Cecum

Intraperitoneum

20

Which is the correct compartment of the peritoneum.

Jejunum

Intraperitoneum

21

Which is the correct compartment of the peritoneum.

Ascending colon

Retroperitoneum

22

Which is the correct compartment of the peritoneum.

Liver

Intraperitoneum

23

Which is the correct compartment of the peritoneum.

Adrenal gland

Retroperitoneum

24

Which is the correct compartment of the peritoneum.

Gallbladder

Intraperitoneum

25

Which is the correct compartment of the peritoneum.
Ovaries

Infraperitoneum

26

Which is the correct compartment of the peritoneum.

Duodenum

Retroperitoneum

27

Which is the correct compartment of the peritoneum.

Urinary Bladder

Infraperitoneum

28

Which is the correct compartment of the peritoneum.

Pancreas

Retroperitoneum

29

The xiphoid process corresponds with which vertebral level?

T9-10

30

To identify the inferior margin of the abdomen, the technologist can palpate the symphysis pubis or:

Greater trochanter

31

An important anatomic landmark that is commonly used to locate the center of the abdomen is the?

Iliac crest

32

which of the following factors best controls the involuntary motion of a young, pediatric patient during abdominal radiography

Short exposure time

33

An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is called?

Ascites

34

Another term describing a nonmechanical bowel obstruction is

Paralytic ileus

35

The telescoping of a section of bowel into another loop is called?

Intussusception

36

A chronic disease involving inflammation of the large intestine is?

Ulcerative colitis

37

Free air or gas in the peritoneal cavity is?

Pneumoperitoneum

38

Free air in the intraabdominal cavity rises to the level of the _____ in a patient who is in the erect position.

Diaphragm

39

Which one of the following conditions is demonstrated radiographically as general abdominal haziness?

Ascites

40

Which one of the following conditions is demonstrated radiographically as distended, air-filled loops of the small bowel?

Ileus

41

Which one of the following sets of exposure factors would be the best for abdominal radiography

78 kV, grid, 40 inches (102 cm) SID

42

A radiographic of an abdomen reveals that the right iliac wing is wider than the left. What type of positioning error was involved

Rotation toward the right

43

Most abdominal projection are taken:

Upon expiration

44

A KUB radiograph on a large hypersthenic patient reveals that the entire abdomen is not included on the 14x17 inch IR. What can be done to correct this on the repeat radiograph?

Use two cassettes placed crosswise

45

What is the minimum amount of time a patient should be upright before taking a projection to demonstrate intra abdominal free air?

5 minutes

46

If the posteroanterior (PA) chest projection is not performed for the acute abdomen series, centering for the erect abdomen projection must include:

Diaphragm

47

Which specific decubitus position of the abdomen should be used in an acute abdomen series if the patient cannot stand?

Left lateral decubitus

48

A patient with a possible ileus enters the emergency room. The physician orders an acute abdominal series. The patient can stand. Which specific position best demonstrates air/fluid levels in the abdomen?

AP erect abdomen

49

A patient with a possible perforated bowel caused by trauma enters the ER. The patient is unable to stand. Which projection best demonstrates any possible free air within the abdomen?

Left lateral decubitus

50

A patient with a clinical history of a possible umbilical hernia comes to the radiology department. The KUB is inconclusive. Which additional projection can be taken to help confirm the diagnosis?

Dorsal decubitus