Endocrine Hormones Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 11 years ago by qgentry
1,552 views
Endocrine System
Grade levels:
College: Second year
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

Hypothalamus Hormones

Releasing Hormones
Stimulate Anterior Pituitary to secrete hormones
(release more)

2

Hypothalamus Hormones

Inhibiting Hormones
Inhibits Anterior Pituitary secretion of hormones
(release less)

3

Anterior Pituitary Hormones

Made by cells and secreted by anterior pituitary

4

Anterior Pituitary Hormone

Human Growth Hormone (gH) or Growth Hormone (GH)
stimulates body growth and releases sugar

5

Anterior Pituitary Hormone

Prolactin (PRL)
initiate and control milk secretion

6

Anterior Pituitary Hormone

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
activites of adrenal gland; release cortisol

7

Anterior Pituitary Hormone

Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH)
activities of melanocytes; brain function memory and learning

8

Anterior Pituitary Hormone

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
influences the growth and activity of thyroid gland

9

Anterior Pituitary Hormone

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
regulate gamete production and hormonal activity of the gonads (ovaries and testes)

10

Posterior Pituitary Hormones

Made in hypothalamus, stored and released in Posterior Pituitary

11

Posterior Pituitary Hormone

Oxytocin
Uterine contraction and releases milk from mammary glands

12

Posterior Pituitary Hormone

Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
decreases urine production; water reassertion from kidney

13

Thyroid Gland

Located in the throat, just inferior to larynx
Produces two major hormones: thyroid hormone and calcitonin

14

Thyroid Hormone

Thyroxin (T4)- secreted in greater amount (most made) than T3, cells convert T4 to T3

15

Thyroid Hormone

Triiodothyronine (T3)- more potent made from T4 in body circulation

16

Thyroxin (T4)
Triiodothyronine (T3)

-Increase oxygen consumption and metabolic rate
-cell growth and development, and cellular respiration
-pattern for secretion control of metabolic hormones

17

Thyroid Gland

Calcitonin
Decreases serum calcium levels in blood

18

Parathyroid Gland

Secretes parathyroid hormone

19

Parathyroid Gland

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
raised serum calcium levels in the blood

20

Adrenal Cortex

Aldosterone- mineralocorticoids- made in Zona glomerulosa
-increases serum sodium levels, thereby increasing water retention
-decrease serum potassium levels