Chapter 10 Human Diversity

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1

Process by which people of diverse backgrounds slowly give up their original cultural language and identity and melt into another, usually larger, group

Assimilation

2

Prejudice; thinking negatively of others without any or significant justification; generally a combination of stereotyped beliefs and negative attitudes

Bias

3

being able to negotiate two or more different cultures competently, individual and mainstream

Biculturalism

4

Of or relating to culture

Cultural

5

All of the socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thoughts by particular classes, communities, or populations

Cultures

6

Actions involved in the unequal or prejudicial treatment of people because they belong to a certain category, group, or race. May also include disability, ethnicity, and sexual orientation

Discrimination

7

Differing from one another; made up of distinct characteristics, qualities, or elements

Diverse

8

Fact or quality of being diverse, different

Diversity

9

Designating any of the basic groups or divisions of humankind or of a heterogeneous population, as distinguished by customs, characteristics, language, and common history; national origin

Ethnic

10

Ethnic affiliation or classification

Ethnicity

11

Tendency toward viewing the norms and values of the individual's own culture as absolute and using them as a standard against which all other cultures are measured

Ethnocentrism

12

Chromosomal designation of female or male being

Gender

13

Irrational fear of and hostility toward homesexuality

Homophobia

14

Capacity to perform cognitive and psychomotor tasks

Mental and Physical Abilities

15

Population that differs from others in the relative frequency of some gene or genes; any of the different varieties of humankind, distinguished by type of hair, color of eyes, and skin, stature, bodily proportions, or other characteristics

Race

16

Belief in racial superiority, leading to discrimination and prejudice toward races considered inferior

Racism

17

Belief in a divine or superhuman power or powers, to be obeyed and worshiped as the creator(s) and ruler(s) of the universe

Religion

18

Human diversity consists of characteristics associated with:

Age

Ethnicity

Gender

Lifestyle

19

Individuals born between 1981 and 1995 are generally referred to as:

Generation Y

20

Over the next three decades, which of the following age groups is expected to be the fastest-growing segment of the population

85+

21

Which one of the following does not relate to a person's ethnicity: Dress, language, religion, or race

Dress

22

Which of the following is not one of the ways that culturally different individuals have interacted with the U.S. majority culture in the past: Assimilation, Biculturalism, Multiculturalism, Assimilation and Biculturalism, or Biculturalism and Multiculturalism

Assimilation and biculturalism

23

Government statutes to protect people from discrimination are based on

Ethnicity

Disability

Age

24

Sexual orientation regards an individual's designation as any of the following EXCEPT: Asexuality, Bisexuality, Heterosexuality, or Homosexuality

Asexuality

25

Approximately what percentage of world's population has some type of disability

10 percent

26

Which of the following is considered the most profound step that the United States has ever undertaken to prevent discrimination toward people with a disability

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

27

Of the following, which one is not considered an element that may contribute to the ability of an organization to become culturally competent:

Valuing diversity, institutionalizing cultural knowledge, possessing the capacity for cultural self-assessment, ignoring cultural norms and values, or developing of adaptations for the delivery of services that reflect an understanding of a multicultural environment

Ignoring cultural norms and values

28

Human Diversity Characteristics

Age

Ethnicity or national origin

Race

Gender or sexual orientation

Mental or physical ability

work style or ethic

Geographic location

Lifestyle

Physical features

Economic conditions

Political beliefs

Religious beliefs

First language

Disability

Education

29

People now cross borders into other countries to work, go to school, receive medical care, visit, and live

Cultural Globalization