HESI A2 Entrance Exam: Vocabulary

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HESI Admission Assessment Exam Review
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1

Abrupt

Sudden

2

Abstain

To voluntarily refrain from something

3

Access

A means to obtain entry or a means of approach

4

Accountable

Responsible

5

Adhere

To hold fast or stick together

6

Adverse

Undesired, possibly harmful

7

Affect

Appearance of observable emotions

8

Annual

Occurring every year

9

Apply

To place, put on, or spread something

10

Audible

Able to hear

11

Bilateral

Present on both sides

12

Cardiac

Of or relating to the heart

13

Cast

Hard protective device applied to protect a broken bone while the bone heals

14

Cavity

An opening or an empty area

15

Cease

Come to an end or bring to an end

16

Compensatory

Offsetting or making up for something

17

Complication

An undesired problem that is the result of some other event

18

Comply

Do as directed

19

Concave

Rounded inward

20

Concise

Brief, to the point

21

Consistency

Degree of viscosity; how thick or thin a fluid is

22

Constrict

To draw together or become smaller

23

Contingent

Dependent

24

Contour

Shape or outline of a shape

25

Contract

To draw together, to reduce in size

26

Contraindication

A reason why something is not advisable or why it should not be done

27

Defecate

Expel feces

28

Deficit

Deficiency or lack of something

29

Depress

Press downward

30

Depth

Downward measurement from a surface

31

Deteriorating

Worsening

32

Device

Tool or piece of equipment

33

Diagnosis

Identification of an injury or disease

34

Diameter

The distance across the center of an object

35

Dilate

To enlarge or expand

36

Dilute

To make a liquid less concentrated

37

Discrete

Distinct, seperate

38

Distended

Enlarge or expanded from pressure

39

Dysfunction

Impaired or abnormal functioning

40

Elevate

To lift up or place in a higher position

41

Endogenous

Produced within the body

42

Exacerbate

To make worse or more severe

43

Excess

More than what is needed or usual

44

Exogenous

Produced outside the body

45

Expand

To increase in size or amount

46

Exposure

Contact

47

External

Located outside the body

48

Fatal

Resulting in death

49

Fatigue

Extreme tiredness, exhastion

50

Flaccid

Limp, lacking tone

51

Flushed

Reddened or ruddy appearance

52

Gaping

Wide open

53

Gastrointestinal

Of or relating to the stomach and the intestines

54

Gender

Sex of an individual, as in male or femal

55

Hematologic

Of or relating to blood

56

Hydration

Maintenance of body fluid balance

57

Hygiene

Measures contributing to cleanliness and good health

58

Impaired

Diminished or lacking some usual quality or level

59

Impending

Likely to occur soon

60

Incidence

Occurence

61

Infection

Contamination or invasion of body tissue by pathogenic organisms

62

Inflamed

Reddened, swollen, warm, and often tender

63

Ingest

To swallow for digestion

64

Initiate

To begin or put into practice

65

Insidious

So gradual as to not become apparent for a long time

66

Intact

In place, unharmed

67

Internal

Located within the body

68

Invasive

Inserting or entering into a body part

69

Labile

Changing rapidly and often

70

Laceration

Cut; tear

71

Latent

Present but not active or visible

72

Lethargic

Difficult to arouse

73

Manifestation

An indication or sign of a condition; appearance

74

Musculoskeletal

Of or relating to muscle and skeleton

75

Neurologic

Or or relating to the nervous system

76

Neurovascular

Of of relating to the nervous system and blood vessels

77

Nutrient

Substance or ingredient that provides nourishment

78

Occluded

Closed or obstructed

79

Ominous

Significantly important and dangerous

80

Ongoing

Continuous

81

Oral

Given though or affecting the mouth

82

Overt

Obvious, easily observed

83

Parameter

A characteristic or constant factor, limit

84

Paroxysmal

Beginning suddenly or abruptly

85

Patent

Open

86

Pathogenic

Causing or able to cause disease

87

Pathology

Processes, causes, and effects of a disease; abnormality

88

Posterior

Located behind; in the back

89

Potent

Producing a strong effect

90

Potential

Capable of occurring of likely to occur

91

Precaution

Preventive measure

92

Precipitous

Rapid, ncontrolled

93

Predispose

To make more susceptible or more likely to occur

94

Preexisting

Already present

95

Primary

First or most significant

96

Priority

Of great importance

97

Prognosis

The anticipated or expected course or outcome

98

Rationale

The underlying reason

99

Recur

To occur again

100

Renal

Of or relating to the kineys

101

Respirations

Inhalation and exhalation of air

102

Restrict

To limit

103

Retain

To hold or keep

104

Site

Location

105

Status

Condition

106

Strict

Stringent, exact, complete

107

Sublingual

Under the tongue

108

Supplement

To take in addition to or to complete

109

Suppress

To stop or subdue

110

Symmetric (symmetrical)

Being equal or the same in size, shape, and relative position

111

Symptoms

An indication of a problem

112

Syndrome

Group of symptoms that, when occurring together, reflect a specific disease or disorder

113

Therapeutic

Of or relating to the treatment of a disease or a disorder

114

Transdermal

Crossing through the skin

115

Transmission

Transfer, such as of a disease, from one person to another

116

Trauma

Injury, wound

117

Triage

Process used to determine the priority of treatment for patients according to the severity of a patient's condition and likelihood of benefit from the treatment

118

Untoward

Adverse or negative

119

Urinate

Excrete or expel urine

120

Vascular

Of or relating to blood vessels

121

Verbal

Spoken, using words

122

Virus

Microscopic infectious agent capable of replicating only in living cells, usually causing infectious disease

123

Vital

Essential

124

Void

Excrete or expel urine

125

Volume

Amount of space occupied by a fluid

126

Palliative

Alleviating a problem without dealing with the underlying cause

127

Remedial

Giving or intended as a remedy or cure

128

Concurrent

Existing, happening, or done at the same time

129

Circulatory

Of or relating to the cardiovascular system

130

Annihilate

Destroy utterly; obliterate

131

Exhilarated

To make someone feel very happy, animated, or elated

132

Augmented

Having been made greater in size or value

133

Protocol

The official procedure or system of rules governing affairs of state or diplomatic occasions

134

Negligible

So small or unimportant as to be not worth considering; insignificant

135

Juxtapose

Place or deal with close together for contrasting effect

136

Portent (omen)

A sign or warning that something, especially something momentous or calamitous, is likely to happen

137

Acquiescence

The reluctant acceptance of something without protest

138

Shirk

Avoid or neglect

139

Donning

Putting on (an item of clothing)

140

Erect

Rigidly upright or straight

141

Cognizance

Knowledge, awareness, or notice